The hype that accompanied the promotion of successive strategic fashions exaggerated the importance of the enlightened manager and played down the importance of chance and circumstance in explaining success.
Politicians and business leaders are extremely prone to this pattern. In most cases the managers actually believe that it was their strategy that caused the success rather than admit that fortune and circumstance were major factors. The citizen in a democracy also wants to believe that national strategy is the cause of good outcomes otherwise he would face a world in which he is powerless to effect the outcome of important happenings.
Lawrence David Freedman, English Foreign Policy and National Security Scholar Advisor to Prime Minister Tony Blair Strategy: A History, 2013