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Quote Author Cited
Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have the exact measure of the injustice and wrong which will be imposed on them. Frederick Douglass
If you allow one single germ, one single seed of slavery to remain in the soil of America... that germ will spring up, that noxious weed will thrive, and again stifle the growth, wither the leaves, blast the flowers and poison the fair fruits of freedom. Ernestine Rose
The slaves of socialism are slaves, but they are no one's property and therefore no one's loss. George Reisman
The man who gives me employment, which I must have or suffer, that man is my master, let me call him what I will. Henry George
If we should ever get to Heaven, we shall find nobody to reproach us for being black, or for being slaves. Jupiter Hammon
The worker is the slave of capitalist society, the female worker is the slave of that slave. James Connolly
From the beginning of our history the country has been afflicted with compromise. It is by compromise that human rights have been abandoned. Charles Sumner
I build no system. I ask an end to privilege, the abolition of slavery, equality of rights, and the reign of law. Justice, nothing else; that is the alpha and omega of my argument: to others I leave the business of governing the world. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
In the north we could not hope to keep the worst and poorest servant for a single day in the wretched discomfort in which our negro servants are forced habitually to live. Fanny Kemble
There is a higher law than the Constitution. William H. Seward
If a test of civilization be sought, none can be so sure as the condition of that half of society over which the other half has power. Harriet Martineau
All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian or Turkish, appear to me no other than human inventions, set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit. Thomas Paine
We must find new lands from which we can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit the cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies. The colonies would also provide a dumping ground for the surplus goods produced in our factories. Cecil Rhodes
The first revolt is against the supreme tyranny of theology, of the phantom of God. As long as we have a master in heaven, we will be slaves on earth. Mikhail Bakunin
This is just what I have thought when I have seen slaves at work - they seem to go through the motions of labor without putting strength into them. They keep their powers in reserve for their own use at night, perhaps. Frederick Law Olmsted
With reasonable men, I will reason; with humane men I will plead; but to tyrants I will give no quarter, nor waste arguments where they will certainly be lost. William Lloyd Garrison
The genius of any slave system is found in the dynamics which isolate slaves from each other, obscure the reality of a common condition, and make united rebellion against the oppressor inconceivable. Andrea Dworkin
War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength. George Orwell
The white man's happiness cannot be purchased by the black man's misery. Frederick Douglass
There was present no slave, no man freed from slavery, no low-born man, no man weakened by age for all were noble, all strong with the might of mature age, all sufficiently fit for any type of fighting, all of such fleetness that they scorned the speed of horsemen. Anonymous
They can't just tell everybody else to ignore all the other meanings that it's accrued.. Edward L. Ayers
Perhaps most perniciously, neo-Confederates now claim that the South seceded over states' rights. Yet when each state left the Union, its leaders made clear that they were seceding because they were for slavery and against states' rights. James W. Loewe
Our representatives are betrayers of the people. William Lloyd Garrison
Caution. Caution is nothing but cowardice! John Brown
We can set the spark that lights the fire. John Brown
Lincoln's paper proclamation must now become iron, lead and fire. Frederick Douglass
Antislavery England continues to coquet with the Southern Slaveocracy. Karl Marx
... the taint of slavery will render the cause of the South loathsome to the civilized world. Richard Bickerton Pemell Lyons
We will make slavery history very soon. We will make child labor history very soon. Kailash Satyarthi
I would kill my own son for liberty and to secede from the Union. Neal Horsley
All whites benefitted from American slavery. John Hope Franklin
Born a slave and now free Joined the Tenth Cavalry Anonymous
I became totally disillusioned with Catholicism when I discovered the role of the Catholic Church regarding slavery. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
As to their (Negroes’) Stupidity, there is as little truth therein: divers of them being known and confessed by their Owners, to be extraordinary Ingenious, and even to exceed many of the English. And for the rest, they are much the same with other People, destitute of the means of knowledge, and wanting Education Morgan Goodwyn
As to their (Negroes’) Stupidity, there is as little truth therein: divers of them being known and confessed by their Owners, to be extraordinary Ingenious, and even to exceed many of the English. And for the rest, they are much the same with other People, destitute of the means of knowledge, and wanting Education. Morgan Goodwyn
We will neither import nor purchase, any slave imported after the first day of December next; after which time, we will wholly discontinue the slave trade, and will neither be concerned in it ourselves, nor will we hire our vessels, nor sell our commodities or manufactures to those who are concerned in it. Continental Congress
Your Petitioners apprehend we have in common with all other men a natural right to our freedoms without Being depriv'd of them by our fellow men as we are a freeborn People and have never forfeited this Blessing by any compact or agreement whatever. But we were unjustly dragged by the cruel hand of power from our dearest friends and sum of us stolen from the bosoms of our tender Parents and from a Populous Pleasant and plentiful country and Brought hither to be made slaves for Life in a Christian land. Thus are we deprived of everything that hath a tendency to make life even tolerable, the endearing ties of husband and wife we are strangers to for we are no longer man and wife then our masters or mistresses thinks proper marred or unmarried. Our children are also taken from us by force and sent many miles from us where we seldom or ever see them again there to be made slaves of for Life which sometimes is very short by Reason of Being dragged from their mothers Brest Thus our Lives are embittered to us on these accounts By our deplorable situation we are rendered incapable of showing our obedience to Almighty God how can a slave perform the duties of a husband to a wife or parent to his child How can a husband leave master and work and cleave to his wife How can the wife submit themselves to their husbands in all things. How can the child obey their parents in all things. Anonymous
The thing that should be used very freely is the lash, for it is bodily pain the native fears. He fears nothing else. E.A.O. Schwikkard
To a considerable extent the Boer War resembled the American Civil War thirty—five years previously. One side was upholding the traditional values of its communities, including the denial of political rights to non—whites, which were subsumed into a struggle for independence against superior power, more modern both in technology and ideology. Frank Welsh
It is not slave emancipation, but the fact that blacks are being placed on an equal footing with Christians, contrary to the laws of God and the natural distinction of race and religion. Anna Steenkamp
…cold and rude slaves would hardly consider privation of life as a punishment, unless accompanied by such cruel circumstances as greatly aggravate their bodily suffering. South Africa
Church members who buy and sell slaves and trade in such miserable people commit a sin. For these are people of the same nature as them rather than mere animals. Even though such slave trade is conducted by not only Jews, Turks, and Pagans, but so-called Christians, indeed, Dutchmen, as well. Reformed members should not taint themselves with such uncompassionate trade. Rather, they should act fully in fear of the Lord, in order that the money they make will be a blessing rather than a curse Jacobus Hondius
Only with free laborers could farmers enjoy a real sense of security, for slave labor brought only dangers, expense, and troubles: they frequently deserted, and then they have to be punished, as our sentence books, with their many sad examples, bear witness. Two Europeans could do the work of three slaves. Dominique Pasques de Chavonnes
…these poor men…who are bound, not only for all their lives, but for those of their children. Hendrick van Reede
What will foreign nations say to our shame, if we allow them to live together by hundreds, like brutes, in utter licentiousness, and do not provide herein as for our own countrymen? Hendrick van Reede
It was highly necessary…and a matter of course, that a good Dutch colony shall be planted and reared here. Nicolas Verburg
Every major social movement in our history was fueled in large part by religion and faith. Abolitionism, women’s suffrage, child labor law, and most famously, civil rights. Jim Wallis
Amnesia best describes America's official stance regarding slavery Eric Foner
Social inequality … divides society into two classes -- the wage-slaves and the grabbers of capital Peter Kropotkin
They are against nature and the principles of liberty Bernardo O'Higgins
Retaliation is sometimes mercy, mercy to both parties Henry Clay
It is still in our power to direct the process of emancipation and deportation peaceably and in such slow degree as that the evil will wear off insensibly, and their place be pari passu filled up by free white laborers. If on the contrary it is left to force itself on, human nature must shudder at the prospect held up. Thomas Jefferson
You charge that we stir up insurrections among your slaves. We deny it; and what is your proof? … you have failed to implicate a single Republican … If any member of our party is guilty in that matter, you know it or you do not know it. If you do know it, you are inexcusable for not designating the man and proving the fact. If you do not know it, you are inexcusable for asserting it, and especially for persisting in the assertion after you have tried and failed to make the proof. You need to be told that persisting in a charge which one does not know to be true, is simply malicious slander. Abraham Lincoln
We the children of the third and fourth generations are doomed to pay the penalties of the compromises made by the first. Charles Francis Adams Sr.
It is unlawful, as well as unsafe, to teach a slave to read…there would be no keeping him. It would forever unfit him to be a slave…It would make him…discontented and unhappy. Anonymous
The address was couched in the cool, unimpassioned, deliberate language of the fanatic…pursuing the promptings of fanaticism even to the dismemberment of the Government with the horrors of civil war. Richmond Enquirer
We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle—field, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature. Abraham Lincoln
Eloquent as your speech was, it fails to meet the entire approval of those you love best. Compromises based on the idea that the preservation of the Union is more important than the liberty of nearly 4,000,000 human beings cannot be right. The alteration of the Constitution to perpetuate slavery—the enforcement of a law to recapture a poor, suffering fugitive…these compromises cannot be approved by God or supported by good men… Frances Seward
Our Northern brethren will discover that the Southern States intended to be equals in the Union, or independent out of it! Thomas Bragg
After a careful examination I concluded that the story would not only repay the cost of publication in book form, but would yield some profit. Possibly I was helped to that conclusion by my firm conviction that the volume would prove a strong anti-slavery document. John P. Jewett
Indoctrinate the Children. And when they grow to be Men and Women, their Principles will be Correct! John P. Jewett
There are Abolitionists among us fully capable of organizing a military crusade, and of stirring up a servile insurrection in the Southern States. Raleigh, North Carolina, Register
The love of the slave for his chains is a huge, unnatural lie, and the daily lives of the whole slave-holding fraternity bear continual testimony against the assumption. Chicago Tribune
No country in the world abounds in men of higher honor and integrity than the South, but where the question of Slavery is involved, justice and honor must stand aside, and the worst passions of the worst part of society become the ruling principle. The tyrant's plea of public danger and public necessity on such occasions overrides all laws, higher and lower, and the demagogue who bids highest for the public favor, by avowing the most malignant hatred of Abolitionism, is sure to obtain power. The honor of the South, therefore, cannot be trusted where the interests of Slavery are involved, because on such occasions the voice of honor and truth is always silenced by the clamor of low, brutal and selfish passions. New York Tribune
It is not to be expected of men who live for the sole purpose of enjoying official station, that they shall ever be manly, noble or independent. They slavishly cower before every storm that threatens their opinions with popular condemnation, and make haste to trim their sails to catch the passing breeze of public favor. Washington DC Union
Although anti-Slavery is weak in political circles, it was never stronger with the masses of the people. The great heart of the country is sound. Thousands and millions of true men all over the North wait but the occasion for a practical demonstration of their power, to show how firm is their attachment to the principles of freedom, and how deeply they scorn the shallow fools who have the impertinence to talk about "crushing out" those principles. We expect to see Slavery go on pressing and pushing the advantages it derived from the adjustment of 1850, till a reaction is created that will again convulse the country to its center. Slavery is imperious, encroaching, truculent, belligerent. Its own conduct will thus ultimately generate an explosive force that must blow it to atoms. New York Tribune
With such a court and such men as we now have for judges neither our lives, our liberty nor our property are safe. Our State rights have been invaded by this court in one case and they will not hesitate to do so in another if it suits their convenience or is for their interest or the interest of Slavery -- of either the white or black race. What hope can we have of obtaining justice from men who have so grossly outraged every principle which we as freeman hold dear? Men who will resort to falsehood in one case will also do it in another. Men who will pervert the law in one case will do it in all cases where interest or favoritism is concerned. What chance would a free state man have in such a court if opposed by a slaveholder? None whatever. Wisconsin Republican Journal Columbus
Five of its nine silk gowns are worn by Slaveholders. More than half its long Bench is filled with Slaveholders. Its Chief Justice is a Slaveholder. The Free States with double the population of the Slave State, do not have half the Judges. The majority represent a minority of 350,000. The minority represent a majority of twenty Millions! New York Evening Journal Albany
The constitution is the supreme law; the Supreme Court is the authorized interpreter of the constitution; the construction which that tribunal puts upon that instrument is, for all practical purposes, the constitution itself, and therefore their decision must be fully and freely acquiesced in by all good citizens. That decision is now the supreme law of the land; it is practically the constitution itself, being the meaning and intent of that instrument as officially interpreted and declared by the tribunal authorized to interpret it, and from whose decision there is no appeal. Resistance to that decision is, therefore, resistance to the constitution -- to the government -- to the Union itself. It cannot be made legally rightfully, peacefully, or with the least chance or hope of success. That decision must be carried into effect -- that interpretation must be acquiesced in and acted upon, or else it must be resisted by force. There is no other alternative. It is the law, the constitution, and will be respected and acted upon by the constituted authorities, no matter to what party they belong nor what their private views may be in regard to it. It cannot be evaded; if Congress and the President should undertake to resist it, the effort would be futile. In a word, we repeat, nothing but force, open rebellion, can successfully oppose the practical application and enforcement of the decision of the court in this case. New Hampshire Patriot
For more than fifty years the question of slavery has been more or less a subject of discord and contention; and, more recently, in some shape or other, it has been continually coming up in the councils of the nation, in the State Legislatures of the non-slaveholding States, before the people of the North, as an issue in elections, local and federal, and before the people of the South as an offset to its agitation at the North, to be considered with reference to its vindication as one of the essential elements of our society, its maintenance as an institution for the public good, and the protection of our rights, originating in it and under it, as the great God-given guaranty of the freedom of the white man through the thralldom of the black -- the accomplishment of the destiny of the African and Anglo-Saxon races by an observance and enforcement of the relations between them designed and decreed by divinity. Enquirer
The Supreme Court of the United States, in a recent case, has, by a decision of seven to two of the Judges, established as law what our Southern statesmen have been repeating daily for many years on the floors of Congress, that the whole action of this Government on the subject of slavery, for more than a quarter of a century, from the initiation of the Missouri Restriction in 1822, to the California Compromise in 1850, has been all beyond the limits of the Constitution; was without justifiable authority; and that the whole mass should be now proclaimed null and void, and that slavery is guaranteed by the constitutional compact. Charleston Mercury
The importance of this decision in the highest legal tribunal established under our Federal Constitution is a sufficient reason for devoting to it so much of the space in our columns. The questions upon which these opinions have been rendered are among those which have shaken our Union from centre to circumference, and threatened imminently its dissolution. The points adjudicated are more strictly political than legal, and affect materially the status of political parties throughout the confederacy…. The importance of the decision is greatly enhanced by its immediate effect upon two of the great political parties of the country. At a single blow it shatters and destroys the platform of the Republican party. It annihilates the issue which was made paramount in the recent Presidential election, and takes away from the Democratic party all the advantages of its advocacy of popular sovereignty in the Territories. It leaves both of these great parties all abroad, without a single plank of their late platforms upon which to rest. Louisville, Kentucky, Journal American
The supreme court of the United States, the highest and most dignified tribunal in any civilized country, and composed of the very first order of talent in the world, and to whose decisions it is an honor to bow with respectful deference, have had the darling bantling of black republicanism under consideration, and announce it illegitimate. They say it is the offspring of red hot abolitionism, and cannot be acknowledged as having anything honest or upright about it. Thus it is thrown upon the hands of the black republicans who are compelled to provide for it. Illinois State Register
It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of the recent decision of the Supreme Court. The grounds and methods of that decision we have exposed elsewhere; and we now turn from them to contemplate the great fact which it establishes -- the fact that Slavery is National; and that, until that remote period when different Judges, sitting in this same Court, shall reverse this wicked and false judgment, the Constitution of the United States is nothing better than the bulwark of inhumanity and oppression. New York Tribune
The nation has achieved a triumph, sectionalism has been rebuked, and abolitionism has been staggered and stunned. Another supporting pillar has been added to our institutions; the assailants of the South and enemies of the Union have been driven from their point d'appui; a patriotic principle has been pronounced; a great, national, conservative, union saving sentiment has been proclaimed Richmond, Virginia, Enquirer
Judge Taney requests the American people to believe that the framers of the Constitution did not know their own minds. For the same Statesmen who drew up the Constitution, (which he says forbids Congress to prohibit Slavery in the Territories,) adopted the Ordinance of '87, which prohibited it in all the Territories we then had. The Ordinance was passed in July, 1787 -- the Constitution was framed in September of the same year. The same States and the same men ratified both. And one of the first acts of the first Congress under the Constitution was to reaffirm the Ordinance, and to again prohibit Slavery! Which are the best interpreters of the Constitution, the opinions of Mr. Chief Justice Taney, or the ACTS of Jefferson, Madison, Hamilton, Monroe, Adams, and Washington? New York Evening Journal Albany
The conspiracy is nearly completed. The Legislation of the Republic is in the hands of this handful of Slaveholders. The United States Senate assures it to them. The Executive power of the Government is theirs. Buchanan took the oath of fealty to them on the steps of the Capitol last Wednesday. The body which gives the supreme law of the land, has just acceded to their demands, and dared to declare that under the charter of the Nation, men of African descent are not citizens of the United States and can not be -- that the Ordinance of 1787 was void -- that human Slavery is not a local thing, but pursues its victims to free soil, clings to them wherever they go, and returns with them -- that the American Congress has no power to prevent the enslavement of men in the National Territories -- that the inhabitants themselves of the Territories have no power to exclude human bondage from their midst -- and that men of color can not be suitors for justice in the Courts of the United States! New York Evening Journal Albany
We do not know how other persons may feel in view of the recent dicta of the Supreme Court in the case of Dred Scott … but it appears to us that the almost diabolical spirit it evinces in going out of the way to Freedom at the expense of Slavery, ought to be sufficient to arouse to indignation the coolest and most torpid of northern men. The decision is a fitting crown to the aborted tyranny which has just submerged with Pierce; an iron clasp, well forged to link the dead with the living administration. It comes pat upon the recent inaugural, "rounds and caps it to the tyrant's eye" and just fills up the cup of inequity. Pennsylvania Gazette Pittsburgh
It is no novelty to find the Supreme Court following the lead of the Slavery Extension party, to which most of its members belong. Five of the Judges are slaveholders, and two of the other four owe their appointments to their facile ingenuity in making State laws bend to Federal demands in behalf of "the Southern institution. New York Evening Journal Albany
How different has been the course pursued by the Unitarian party. How few of that numerous body, powerful from wealth and education, whether ministers or laymen, have placed themselves by the side of the suffering bondman. The freedom of discussion, which was fearlessly applied to metaphysical doctrines and theological subtleties, was found to be a dangerous weapon when it was used for the examination of an institution, the ramification of which entwined themselves around every altar of mammon worship Edmund Quincy
What has the North to do with slavery? What have we to do with it, indeed! when it encircles us like the air we breathe -- as invisible but as ever near us -- when it makes our laws, controls our interests, appoints our rulers, sets a price upon our heads, demands the sacrifice of our free utterance, disfranchises in one half the States the citizens when the Constitution has made free every where--when it makes Religion its pander, and the Church its sanctuary! Edmund Quincy
The Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, --the earliest association in this country founded upon the principle that the institution of slavery is, under all circumstances, a sin against God, and there to be immediately and unconditionally abolished Edmund Quincy
Taylor won votes in both the free and slave states by reason of his persistent and obstinate silence and reserve on the vexed question of slavery. Horace Greeley
The South has eyes but does not see, and ears but does not hear. Abraham Lincoln
Old John Brown's body lies a-mouldering in the grave, While weep the sons of bondage whom he ventured all to save; But though he lost his life in struggling for the slave, His truth is marching on.. Anonymous
I do not exaggerate in designating the present state of affairs in the Southern country as a reign of terror. Persons are torn away from their residences and pursuits…letters are opened at the Post Offices; discussion upon slavery is entirely prohibited under penalty of expulsion…The Northern merchants and travelers are leaving in great numbers. Robert Bunch
Black Republicans. Anonymous
What in the name of humanity is to become of them—where are they to go? Henry Clay
What then? Free them all, and keep them among us as underlings? Is it quite certain that this betters their condition? But once freed, could they be made politically and socially, our equals? My own feelings will not admit this. Abraham Lincoln
…separation was in everyone’s best interest…blacks would find happier homes in other lands. Salmon P. Chase
The most dreadful of all the evils that threaten the future of the United States arises from the presence of blacks on its soil. Alexis de Tocqueville
The difference between the Republican and the Democratic parties on the leading issue of this contest is, that the former consider slavery a moral, social and political wrong, while the latter do not consider it either a moral, social or political wrong; and the action of each…is squared to meet these views. Abraham Lincoln
Can we, as a nation, continue together permanently together, forever, half slave, and half free? Abraham Lincoln
They who think that it is accidental, unnecessary, the work of interested or fanatical agitators, and therefore ephemeral, mistake the case altogether. It is an irrepressible conflict between opposing and enduring forces, and it means that the United States must and will, sooner or later, become either entirely a slaveholding nation, or entirely a free—labor nation. William H. Seward
Judge Taney can do many things, but he cannot…change the essential nature of things—making evil good, and good, evil. Frederick Douglass
I am neither North nor South. I repudiate political geography… I am a man believing in making laws and then whether the law is exactly to my liking or not, enforcing it—whether it be to catch a runaway slave and bring him back to his master or to quell a riot in a disordered territory. Edward Bates
…the knocking down and beating to bloody blindness and unconsciousness of an American Senator while writing at his desk in the Senate Chamber is a novel illustration of the ferocious Southern spirit. New York Tribune
…it was the nature of man, when told that he should be shunned and despised and condemned as the cause of all the vice and misery and crime in the land, to retreat within himself, close all the avenues to his head and his heart. Abraham Lincoln
At the time the Constitution was adopted, the plain unmistakable spirit of that age, towards slavery, was hostility to the principle, and toleration, only by necessity. Abraham Lincoln
The South was my country but the South went to war on account of slavery. John Singleton
Emancipation is the demand of civilization. That is a principle; everything else is an intrigue. Ralph Waldo Emerson
Slavery is so vile and miserable estate of man and so directly opposite to the generous temper and courage of our nation. John Locke
The child labor amendment would commit this country forever to the Communist system of the nationalization of her children ... It would certainly impose involuntary servitude. William H. O'Connell
What a stupendous, what an incomprehensible machine is man! Who can endure toil, famine, stripes, imprisonment & death itself in vindication of his own liberty, and the next moment . . . inflict on his fellow men a bondage, one hour of which is fraught with more misery than ages of that which he rose in rebellion to oppose Thomas Jefferson
Our duty to attack was founded on the Laws of the Prophet, that it is written in the Koran, that all nations who should not have acknowledged the Prophet were sinners, that it is our right and duty to make war upon them wherever they could be found, and to make slaves of all we could take as Prisoners, and every Musselman who should be slain in Battle was sure to go to Paradise. Sidi Haji Abdul Rahman Adja
The Honor of the United States was at stake. William Eaton
Economic growth will not stop slavery, at least not anytime soon. Ethan Kapstein
In order to thrive, the slave trade requires the direct or indirect involvement of national governments, at both the source and the destination. Since prophets are high, slavers have plenty of money to pay off government officials and local police…. If ordinary criminals are rarely punished for dealing in slaves, high level officials in such places enjoyed even more impunity. Ethan Kapstein
In the drastic move from the serfdom to freedom, it is probably better for ex-slaves to be soldiers, and thus gradually learn to support themselves than to be thrown on the cold charities of the world without sympathy or assistance. George H. Thomas
Let twelve good black men get armed for battle and they will kill and put to flight fifty whites.... Kill or be killed. Had you rather not be killed than be a slave to a tyrant who takes the life of your wife and children? It is no more harm to kill a man who is trying to kill you than to take a drink of water when you are thirsty. David Walker
Perhaps they will laugh at or make light of this; but I tell you Americans! that unless you speedily alter your course of continuing slavery, you and your Country are gone!!!!!! For God Almighty will tear up the very face of the earth!!!... David Walker
Patriotism ... for rulers is nothing else than a tool for achieving their power-hungry and money-hungry goals, and for the ruled it means renouncing their human dignity, reason, conscience, and slavish submission to those in power. ... Patriotism is slavery. Leo Tolstoy
Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves. William Pitt the Younger
I should think the souls of the Africans would sit heavily on the swords of the Americans. Horace Walpole; 4th Earl of Oxford
I have huge debts, and know of no other way to resolve them than to re-enter the slave trade. John Brown
Imagine your own daughters being sold into a life of rape and bone crushing labor. Henry Ward Beecher
Beecher’s Bibles Anonymous
... gross, barefaced inconsistency. Samuel Hopkins
Trafficking Negroes is right, just and lawful. In my opinion there is no more crime in bringing off a cargo of slaves than in bringing off a cargo of jackasses. John Brown
Whereas I am clearly convinced that the buying and selling of men of what color soever is contrary to the Divine Mind manifest in the conscience of all men however some may smother and neglect its reprovings, and being also made sensible that the holding of negroes in slavery however kindly treated has a tendency to encourage the iniquitous practice of importing them from their native country and is contrary to that justice, mercy, and humanity enjoined as the duty of every Christian, I do therefore by these presents for myself, my heirs etc. manumit and set free the following negroes being all I am possessed of or any ways interested in. Moses Brown
If this trade --- slavery --- admits of a moral or a rational justification, every crime, even the most atrocious, may be justified. John Wesley
Avoid being in any way concerned in reaping the unrighteous profits of that unrighteous practice of dealing in Negroes and other slaves --– in direct violation of the gospel rule which teaches every one to do as he would be done by. Quakers
No black mankinde may be forced to serve a master for longer than ten years, after which they would be free, as the manner is with English servants. Rhode Island
Where there is a vast multitude of slaves as in Virginia, those who are free, are by far the most proud and jealous of their freedom Edmund Burke
Negroes would show themselves hardy children of toil once the freedman can feel that he is a man with a home to call his own, and a family around him, a wife to protect, children to nurture and rear, wages to be earned and received, and a right to invest his savings in the land of the country. William Darrah Kelley
Their authority over their slaves renders them vain and imperious. Andrew Burnaby
Every planter South of the Potomac has three votes in effect for every five slaves he keeps in bondage; while a New England farmer who contributes ten-fold as much to the support of the Government has only a single vote. John Quincy Adams
You have no understanding of what it is to live in a community surcharged with an idle, dissolute, vicious, ignorant negro population just emerged from slavery. Edgar Cowan
The right of holding slaves is clearly established by the Holy Scriptures, both by precept and example. In the Old Testament …. Had the holding of slaves been a moral evil, it cannot be supposed, that the inspired Apostles, who feared not the faces of men, and were ready to lay down their lives in the cause of their God, would have tolerated it, for a moment, in the Christian Church …. The Christian golden rule, of doing to others, as we would they should do to us, has been urged as an unanswerable argument against holding slaves. But surely this rule is never to be urged against that order of things, which the Divine government has established. Richard Furman
Slavery is an evil, a deep, detestable, damnable evil; an evil in all its aspects; an evil to the blacks and a greater evil to the whites … New York Plaindealer
When a slave leaves the jurisdiction of a state he ceases to be a slave, because he continues to be a man and leaves behind him the law which made him a slave Salmon P. Chase
Attorney General of Fugitive Slaves Anonymous
The elevation of the negro race from slavery to the full rights of citizenship is the most important political change we have known since the adoption of the Constitution of 1787. No thoughtful man can fail to appreciate its beneficent effect upon our institutions and people. It has freed us from the perpetual danger of war and dissolution. It has added immensely to the moral and industrial forces of our people. It has liberated the master as well as the slave from a relation which wronged and enfeebled both. James A. Garfield
Language remains a formidable frontier in the legacy of slavery. Jim Lehrer
Slaves, obey your masters with fear and trembling, in singleness of heart, as you obey Christ. Book of Ephesians
Saudi Arabia didn’t end slavery until President Kennedy asked them to. Every major Saudi family had one of more black slaves. The visiting Saudi Rulers came to America and brought one of their slaves with them. That’s when Kennedy asked them to officially abolish slavery and they did. Gerald Posner
I never run my train off the track and I never lost a passenger Harriet Tubman
I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person now I was free. There was such a glory through the trees and over the fields, and I felt like I was in heaven. Harriet Tubman
In those days…we were all friends – all willing to help one another…We were very radical, however, in our views of right and wrong…. We opposed bad men everywhere, supported all fugitive slaves who came to us, and worked like beavers for the right Lyman Goodnow
Laws are only words written on paper, words that change on society's whim and are interpreted differently daily by politicians, lawyers, judges, and policemen. Anyone who believes that all laws should always be obeyed would have made a fine slave catcher. Anyone who believes that all laws are applied equally, despite race, religion, or economic status, is a fool. John J. Miller
We consider it of divine institution and not to be abolished until the curse pronounced on Ham shall have been removed from his descendants. Brigham Young
… a hideous bugbear John Hay
Today we have in this country the abuses of a military dictation without its unity of action and vigor of execution. John Fremont
Workers of France, it is for the freedom of the prisoners that you will go to work in Germany! It is for our country that you will go in large numbers! It is in order that France may find her place in the new Europe that you will respond to my appeal. Pierre Laval
I do not intrude to tell you - for you must know already - that a great proportion of those who triumphed in your election, and of all who desire the unqualified suppression of the rebellion now desolating our country, are solely disappointed and deeply pained by the policy you seem to be pursuing with regard to the slaves of the Rebels. We think you are strangely and disastrously remiss in the discharge of your official and imperative duty with regard to the emancipating provisions of the new Confiscation Act. Those provisions were designed to fight slavery with liberty Horace Greeley
Deed of Gift Robert King Carter
One of the best ways of enslaving a people is to keep them from education... The second way of enslaving a people is to suppress the sources of information, not only by burning books but by controlling all the other ways in which ideas are transmitted. Eleanor Roosevelt
The right of property is before and higher than any constitutional sanction, and the right of the owner of a slave to such slave and its increase is the same, and as inviolable as the right of the owner of any property whatever…. The legislature shall have no power to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves without the consent of the owners, or without paying the owners previous to their emancipation a full equivalent in money for the slaves so emancipated. They shall have no power to prevent emigrants to the State from bringing with them such persons as are deemed slaves by the laws of any one of the United States or Territories… Kansas
When a wrong thought is told a thousand times and impressed on one’s brain, one starts feeling the falsehood as truth. Similarly if the mind of slave is hammered of slavery, he starts enjoying his slavery Latari Kawadu Madavi
I don't believe in segregation. I believe in slavery. Robert Creel
A man, and yet not a man. In flesh and blood alive; politically dead.” …. They are not slaves, but they are not, in a political sense, ‘persons’. Roscoe Conkling
The existence of laws in the States where the newly emancipated negroes reside, which discriminated with gross injustice and hardship against them as a class, was the evil to be remedied …. The one pervading purpose, was protection of the newly-made freeman and citizen from the oppression of those who had formerly exercised unlimited dominion over him. Samuel Freeman Miller
The Master will allow him no home, that he may become a vagrant. Becoming a vagrant, he will arrest him as a vagabond, and visit him with imprisonment and stripes . . . He will shut him off from the courts, seal his mouth as a witness. Daniel Clark
The general interest both of the white man and of the negroes requires that he should be kept as near to the condition of slavery as possible’ Edmund Rhett
The Negro though nominally free, so far as discriminating legislation could make him so he was yet a slave John Brooks Henderson
The doctrine of states’ rights was itself a sound and true doctrine; as a starting point of American history and constitutional law there is no other which will bear a moment’s examination . . . its prostitution to the base uses of the slave power was one of those unfortunate enlargements which often perturb and mislead history Henry Adams
There is an unwillingness on the part of our people, harsh as it may be, for you free colored people to remain with us . . . Even when you cease to be slaves, you are far removed from being placed on an equality with the white man . . . I cannot alter it if I would. It is a fact Abraham Lincoln
The school house will rise to enlighten the darkened intellect of a race imbruted by long years of enforced ignorance. Henry Wilson
My worst preconception of their appearance and their ignorance did not fall as low as their actual stupidity . . . They appear to be nothing more than moving masses of flesh unendowed with anything of intelligence above the brutes Charles Sumner
Slavery and tariffs. These are the only two issues where, contrary to the general spirit of the republic of the United States, law has assumed the character of plunder. Slavery is a violation, by law, of liberty. The protective tariff is a violation, by law, of property. Frederic Bastiat
The gentleman asks, when were the colonies emancipated? But I desire to know, when were they made slaves William Pitt the Younger
The liberating slaves of traitorous owners will alarm our Southern Union friends and turn them against us; perhaps ruin our rather fair prospect for Kentucky. Allow me, therefore, to ask that you will, as of your own motion, modify that paragraph 1 so as to conform to the” Confiscation act of Congress. This letter is written in a spirit of caution and not of censure. Abraham Lincoln
We live … in an age of progressive democracy. ... In its political effects it discards the prerogative of a few to govern and looks to the rights of all. And whether you deem it practicable or not, you, who prattle about democracy, this spirit is opening a grand law of humanity more comprehensive than all others, that looks farther than the skin to say who shall have rights and who shall be maintained in the free enjoyment of what the God of nature has given them. You cannot guide this tendency of the age to sympathize alone with the serfs of Europe and the barbarians of Asia and leave untouched and unnoticed those in our midst who suffer either from the oppression of laws or for want of their protection. Charles Burchard
I rejoice that, in the first attempt of the slave-hunters to convert our jail into a slave-pen and our citizens into slave-catchers, they have signally failed, and that it has been decided by the spontaneous uprising and sovereign voice of the people, that no human being can be dragged into bondage from Milwaukee. Sherman M. Booth
They---the northern states---will never consent, that a slave-owner, his agent, or an officer of the United States, armed with process to arrest a fugitive from service, is clothed with entire immunity from state authority; to commit whatever crime or outrage against the laws of the state; that their own high prerogative writ of habeas corpus shall be annulled, their authority defied, their officers resisted, the process of their own courts contemned, their territory invaded by federal force, the houses of their citizens searched, the sanctuary or their homes invaded, their streets and public places made the scenes of tumultuous and armed violence, and state sovereignty succumb--paralyzed and aghast--before the process of an officer unknown to the constitution and irresponsible to its sanctions. At least, such shall not become the degradation of Wisconsin, without meeting as stern remonstrance and resistance as I may be able to interpose, so long as her people impose upon me the duty of guarding their rights and liberties, and maintaining the dignity and sovereignty of their state. Abram D. Smith
The Fugitive Slave Act is a wicked and cruel enactment. Let the federal government return to the exercise of the just powers conferred by the Constitution and few, very few, will be found to disturb the tranquility of the nation. But until this is done, I solemnly believe that there will be no peace for the state or the nation, but that agitation, acrimony and hostility will mark our progress, even if we escape a more dread calamity, which I will not even mention. Abram D. Smith
Freemen, to the rescue! Sherman M. Booth
The right of property is before and higher than any constitutional sanction, and the right of the owner of a slave to such slave and its increase is the same and as inviolable as the right of the owner of any property whatever... The Legislature shall have no power to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves without the consent of the owners, or without paying the owners previous to their emancipation a full equivalent in money for the slaves so emancipated. They shall have no power to prevent immigrants to the State from bringing with them such persons as are deemed slaves by the laws of any one of the United States or Territories, so long as any person of the same age or description shall be continued in slavery by the laws of this State: Provided, That such person or slave be the bona fide property of such immigrants Kansas
We all know from a study of history the progress of the working people from the stage of barbarism to that of slavery, serfdom and later individual freedom. . . . William Green
The tyrant is only the slave turned inside out. Egyptian Proverb
Call someone your lord and he'll sell you in the slave market. Arab Proverb
No dictatorship can have any other aim but that of self-perpetuation, and it can beget only slavery in the people tolerating it; freedom can be created only by freedom, that is, by a universal rebellion on the part of the people and free organization of the toiling masses from the bottom up. Mikhail Bakunin
What a burning shame it is that many of the pieces on the subject of slavery and the slave trade, contained in different school books, have been lost sight of, or been subject to the pruning knife of the slaveholding expurgatorial system! Robert Purvis
There were slaves in the North which were tolerated for some time, but the South was built upon slavery. Sheldon Hackney
To me, Central America is one large plantation; and I see the people's struggle to be free as a slave revolt. Alice Walker
The market value of slaves in 1860 exceeded that of the entire nation’s railroads and factories put together … it was, relative to the gross national product in today’s economic values in excess of $9.6 Trillion. David Davis
The slave-owning South won the subsequent ideological war…the consensus of history was that the Civil War had little to do with slavery. David Davis
Man’s freedom is lacking if somebody else controls what he needs, for need may result in man’s enslavement of man.. Muammar Qaddafi
We have three hundred years of neglect to pay for. John Lindsay
There never was an anti-slavery movement until white Christians—Englishmen and Americans—created one. David Horowitz
Where the disease is most deeply seated, there it will be slowest in eradication. In the Northern States it was merely superficial and easily corrected. In the Southern, it is incorporated with the whole system and requires time, patience, and perseverance in the curative process. That it may finally be effected and its progress hastened, will be my last and fondest prayer. Thomas Jefferson
It will probably be asked, Why not retain and incorporate the blacks into the State [instead of colonizing them]? Deep rooted prejudices entertained by the whites, ten thousand recollections by the blacks of the injuries they have sustained, new provocations, the real distinctions which nature has made, and many other circumstances will divide us into parties and produce convulsions which will probably never end but in the extermination of the one or the other race. Thomas Jefferson
In the disposition of these unfortunate people, there are two rational objects to be distinctly kept in view. First. The establishment of a colony on the coast of Africa, which may introduce among the aborigines the arts of cultivated life, and the blessings of civilization and science. By doing this, we may make to them some retribution for the long course of injuries we have been committing on their population. Thomas Jefferson
Nobody wishes more ardently to see an abolition, not only of the trade, but of the condition of slavery; and certainly, nobody will be more willing to encounter every sacrifice for that object. Thomas Jefferson
Do not mistake me. I am not advocating slavery. I am not justifying the wrongs we have committed on a foreign people... On the contrary, there is nothing I would not sacrifice to a practicable plan of abolishing every vestige of this moral and political depravity. Thomas Jefferson
Nothing is more certainly written in the book of fate, than that these people [blacks] are to be free; nor is it less certain that the two races, equally free, cannot live in the same government. Thomas Jefferson
The compact which exists between the North and the South is a convent with death and an agreement with hell. William Lloyd Garrison
Let the prisoners in the jails pick the fruit in place of illegal farm worker immigrants. Dana Rohrabacher
Believe me, then, that the great mass of the people of the North do not uphold the Administration on the principle of abolishing slavery, but that the restoration of the Union is the grand incentive; and while such is the fact, every nerve and every sinew will be strained to bring about a victorious end.--Would to Heaven that the blood already spilled was a sufficient sacrifice for this great result. Henry O. Gusley
States are slaves because of either the nature or the misuse of their constitutions; a people is therefore enslaved when the government, by its nature or its vices, infringes on and usurps the rights of the citizen or subject. Simon Bolivar
The love of liberty brought us here. Liberia
Liberia and the United States are bound together by history and values. Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
I saw a passenger per the Underground Railroad yesterday; did he arrive safely? Notwithstanding that abomination of the nineteenth century — the Fugitive Slave Law — men still determine to be free. Notwithstanding all the darkness in which they keep the slaves, it seems that somehow light is dawning upon their minds Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
Yes, Ethiopia yet shall stretch Her bleeding hands abroad; Her crying agony has reached The burning throne of God. Redeemed from dust and free from chains Her sons shall lift their eyes; From cloud capped hills and verdant plains Shall shouts of triumph rise Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
To all whom these presents may come know ye, that I Peter Hawkins a free black man of the city of Richmond having purchased my wife Rose, a slave about twenty-two years of age and by her have had a child called Mary now about 18 months old, for the love I bear toward my wife and child have thought proper to emancipate them and for the further consideration of five shillings to me in hand paid …. I emancipate and set free the said Rose and Mary and relinquish all my right ... as slaves to the said Rose and Mary. Peter Hawkins
All persons who dare to incite serfs and peasants to disobey their landlords shall be arrested and taken to the nearest government office, there to be punished forthwith as disturbers of the public tranquility, according to the laws and without leniency. And should it so happen that even after the publication of the present decree of Her Imperial Majesty any serfs and peasants should cease to give the proper obedience to their landlords . . . and should make bold to submit unlawful petitions complaining of their landlords, and especially to petition Her Imperial Majesty personally, then both those who make the complaints and those who write up the petitions shall be punished by the knout and forthwith deported to Nerchinsk to penal servitude for life Catherine II
Freedom has a thousand charms to show That slaves, howe'er contented, never know. William Cowper
Abolitionists are wicked and abominable …. The nation is being led to civil war. Many bloody wars have ensued from less beginnings. A little fuel has sometimes kindled a great fire. John Brown
RAN away from my House, in York Town, the 14th of November last, a Negro Fellow, named Quash. He is middle siz'd, about 27 Years old, speaks very good English, has small Eyes, and has lost the great Toe of his right Foot: He had on, when he went away, an old Kersey Wastecoat, a very good Oznabrigg Shirt, white Cotton Breeches, Yarn Stockings, and a Pair of Shoes, with Bath Mettal Buckles. Whoever brings the said Negro to my House, shall have Ten Shillings Reward. William Nelson
Arms are the only true badge of liberty. The possession of arms is the distinction of a free man from a slave. Andrew Fletcher
The Emancipation Proclamation was fraught with consequences, immediate and remote, such as human foresight could not penetrate….. Gideon Welles
It seems absolutely necessary something should speedily be done with respect to the slaves among us, in order to our safety, and to prevent their turning against us in our present struggle, in order to get their liberty….set blacks at liberty ourselves, by some public acts and laws; and then give them proper encouragement to labor, or take arms in the defense of the American cause, as they shall choose. This would at once be doing them some degree of justice, and defeating our enemies in the scheme they are prosecuting. Samuel Hopkins
Congress has no authority to interfere in the internal regulations of particular States, relative to the instruction of slaves in the principles of morality and religion; to their comfortable clothing and accommodations, and subsistence; to the regulation of their marriages, and the prevention of the violation of their rights thereof. House of Representatives
Buxton is certainly a very interesting place. Sixteen years ago it was a wilderness. Now, good highways are laid out in all directions through the forest, and by their side, standing back 33 feet from the road, are about 200 cottages, all built in the same pattern, all looking neat and comfortable; around each one is a cleared place of several acres which is well cultivated. The fences are in good order, the barns seem well filled, and cattle and horses, and pigs and poultry, abound. There are signs of industry and thrift and comfort everywhere; signs of intemperance, of idleness, of want nowhere. There is no tavern and no groggery; but there is a chapel and a schoolhouse. Most interesting of all are the inhabitants. Twenty years ago most of them were slaves, who owned nothing, not even their children. Now they own themselves; they own their houses and farms; and they have their wives and children about them. They are enfranchised citizens of a government [Canada] which protects their rights … Samuel R. Howe
I wish I could have defeated it altogether, for I regard its approach to a passage as a stain upon Confederate history. It afforded, I believe, plausible ground against them for the accusation of falsehood in professing to secede from the United States Government, in part, and mainly on the plea that it was, by reason of their fear that the party in power would emancipate the negroes in defiance of the constitution…. And now it would be said we had done the very thing … without any more constitutional right than they would have had. Robert Hunter
When those who do the work own the machines, when those who toil control the invention, then, and not till then, can the world be civilized or free, When these forces shall do the bidding of the individual, when they become the property of the mechanic instead of the monopoly, when they belong to labor instead of what is called capital, when these great powers are as free to the individual laborer as the air and light are now free to all, then, and not until then, the individual will be restored and all forms of slavery will disappear Robert G. Ingersoll
I purchase slaves and manumit [free] them at proper ages, and when their faithful services shall have afforded a reasonable retribution John Jay
Prior to the Revolution, the great majority, or rather the great body of our people had been so long accustomed to the practice and convenience of having slaves, that very few among them ever doubted the propriety and rectitude of it. John Jay
Nursed and educated in the daily habit of seeing the degraded condition, both bodily and mental, of these unfortunate beings [slaves], few minds have yet doubted that they were as legitimate subjects of property as their horses or cattle Thomas Jefferson
Our military men were so bent upon revenge, and so desirous to enrich themselves by making all the Indians slaves that fall into their hands … that it is in vain to represent the cruelty and injustice of such a procedure Reverend Johnson
I am entirely in opinion with all that portion of my fellow-citizens who are decidedly opposed to the interference by abolitionists with the question and practices of slavery in the Southern states. James Kent
They [Indians] have so long been recognized as slaves in our law, that it would be as great a violation of the rights of property to establish a contrary doctrine at the present day, as it would in the case of Africans, and as useless to investigate the manner in which they originally lost their freedom. James Kinsey
Lords of the land and the lash John Mercer Langston
For the lower races everywhere (leaving out slavery) there is eventually but one of two alternatives--viz., either extermination or mixture. But if mixture makes a feeble race, then this also is only a slower process of extermination. Is extermination, then, the inexorable fate of all the lower races? Shall the pitiless law of organic evolution-the law of destruction of the weak and the survival of only the strongest races-be the law of human evolution also? It may indeed be so, but let us hope not. It may be that there is a way of escape. Joseph Le Conte
Considering the relation of master and slave, controlled by humane laws and influenced by Christianity and an enlightened public sentiment, as the best that can exist between the white and black races while intermingled as at present in this country, I would deprecate any sudden disturbance of that relation unless it be necessary to avert a greater calamity to both….we must decide whether slavery- shall be extinguished by our enemies and the slaves be used against us, or use them ourselves at the risk of the effects which may be produced upon our social institutions…. Robert E. Lee
I think the measure not only expedient but necessary. The enemy will certainly use them against us if he can get possession of them …. I think those who are employed should be freed. It would be neither just nor wise, in my opinion, to require them to serve as slaves. Robert E. Lee
The American Colonization Society hereby grants to the colonies or settlements in Liberia, on the western coast of Africa, under its care, the following Constitution: Liberia; American Colonization Society
I must dissent from those who advise a general levy and arming of the slaves for the duty of soldiers. Until our white population shall prove insufficient for the armies we require and can afford to keep in the field, to employ as a soldier the negro … would scarcely be deemed wise or advantageous by any, and this is the question now before us. But should the alternative ever be presented of subjugation or of the employment of the slave as a soldier, there seems no reason to doubt what should then be our decision. Abraham Lincoln
If as friends of colonization hope, the present and coming generations of our countrymen shall by any means succeed in freeing our land from the dangerous presence of slavery, and at the same time in restoring a captive people to their long lost fatherland with bright prospects for the future, and this too so gradually that neither races nor individuals shall have suffered by the change, it will be a glorious consummation.” Abraham Lincoln
What shall we do with the Negroes after they are free? I can hardly believe that the South and North can live in peace unless we get rid of the Negroes. Certainly they cannot, if we don’t get rid of the Negroes whom we have armed and disciplined and who have fought with us…. Now we shall have no use for our very large navy. What then are our difficulties in sending the blacks away? … I wish you would examine the question and give me your views upon it and go into the figures as you did before in some degree as to show whether the Negroes can be exported Abraham Lincoln
This law forbids slaves belonging to different masters to assemble in crowds…. Any slave who shall have struck his master, his mistress, or the husband of his mistress, or their children, so as to produce a bruise or shedding of blood in the face, shall be put to death. Louis XV
If the husband be a slave and the wife a free woman, the children shall be free like their mother. If the husband be free and the wife a slave, the children shall be slaves. Louis XV
If any person shall use any language from the bar, bench, stage, pulpit, or in any other place, or hold any conversation having a tendency to promote discontent among free colored people, or insubordination among slaves, he may be imprisoned at hard labor not less than three nor more than twenty-one years; or he may suffer death, at the discretion of the Court Louisiana
If, at a public sale of slaves, there happen to be some who are disabled through old age or otherwise, and who have children, such slaves shall not be sold but with his or her children, whom he or she may think proper to go with. Louisiana
The end and aim of this publication is the gradual, though total, abolition of slavery in the United States of America Benjamin Lundy
The first thing objected to, is that clause which allows a representation for three-fifths of the negroes. Much has been said of the impropriety of representing men who have no will of their own. Whether this be reasoning or declamation, I will not presume to say. It is the unfortunate situation of the Southern States, to have a great part of their population, as well as property, in blacks. The regulation complained of was one result of the spirit of accommodation which governed the Convention; and without this indulgence, no Union could possibly have been formed James Madison
School-houses are the republican line of fortifications Horace Mann
Not a single slave is to be found among them, but all are free, exchanging services with each other, and they denounce the owners of slaves, not merely for their injustice in outraging the law of equality, but also for their impiety in annulling the statute of Nature, who mother-like bore and reared all men alike, and created them genuine brothers, not in mere name, but in very reality Philo Judaeus
I make you a gift of these Blacks, of their children, their horses, their weapons, and all they possess. Share them among you. Sidi Muhammad Ill
The traffic in slaves is a matter on which all sects and nations have agreed from the time of the sons of Adam . . . up to this day. I am not aware of its being prohibited by the laws of any sect, and no one need ask this question, the same being manifest to both high and low and requires no more demonstration than the light of day. Abd ar-Rahman
State Song Emeritus Ginni Rometty
It's repugnant to me personally and a sizeable segment of Virginians. Henry Marsh
There are slaves of seven kinds, (viz.) he who is made a captive under a standard, he who serves for his daily food, he who is born in the house, he who is bought and he who is given, he who is inherited from ancestors, and he who is enslaved by way of punishment. Manu
You ask me if I am in favor of admitting a slave state to the union. Whenever it becomes necessary for us to acquire more territory for our growth and progress, I am for it. Stephen Douglas
The commerce of this country is almost entirely confined to slaves Hugh Howey
Slavery is a conspiracy of the lords of the loom and the lords of the lash. Charles Sumner
The Emancipation Proclamation was really a tool of war. Barnet Schecter
During many years the Siamese have been making annual excursions into the Malay Peninsula, apparently for no other purpose than to procure slaves…. Two junks arrived in the river during my stay. The decks of the junks could not contain these miserable captives, and platforms were erected on the outsides of the vessels for the purpose of affording greater space. These unfortunate creatures were tied hand and foot during the voyage in order to prevent them from throwing themselves overboard. Which many would have done had they been at liberty to do so. …. During the few days of their detention … numbers of them, particularly the children, died from want of food, and from the horrible state of disease which prevailed …. George Winston Earl
I have the right to determine who shall be my mate without the permission of any man. I am not a slave. Jack Johnson
For people who have been slaves for 150 years doing all the work to be called lazy and shiftless by the man who was sitting on the porch—that is a phenomenon in itself. Stanley Crouch
These circumstances of Cruelty to these People render the Persons who exercise it disagreeable, nay odious to me. When a Set of People can sit down enjoying all the Luxuries of Life without feeling the least Sensation or Compunction for the Sufferings of those poor Wretches whose Lives are rendered Miserable and Constitutions destroyed for those Purposes, I must conclude them Obdurate, Selfish, and Unfeeling to the greatest Degree imaginable. At what an Expense of Life and Happiness do we eat Rice and Sugar! One thing more I must add, that their Diet is almost entirely on Rice and sweet Potatoes as they are allowed Meat but once a Year. Stephen De Lancey
The Negro's and Negro Women are inhumanly treated, are two-thirds naked, and are very disgusting to the Eye and another Sense, Tho I begin to be more habituated to the Sight, yet I cannot be to the great Cruelty made Use of to the poor ignorant Wretches. Stephen De Lancey
You do not have people with placards out in the street on North Korea. I mean, that is a disgusting regime. The people are kept in a form of slavery, 23 million of them, and no one protests! Tony Blair
Bleeding Kansas Anonymous
Every principle from which America has acted in the course of her unhappy difficulties with Great Britain, pleads stronger than a thousand arguments in favor of your Petitioners Anonymous
If freedom is good for any, it is good for all. Anonymous
Keep Abortion Safe and Legal Choice Makes Every Child Wanted Babies Should Be Desired—Not Required Forced Pregnancy Is Slavery God Gives Us Choice! Our Bodies—Our Lives—Our Choice My Body Is Not Federal Property Keep Coat Hangers In The Closet Keep Your Laws Off My Body Anonymous
Let our wives die before they are abused, and our children, before they are taken into slavery. Anonymous
Poverty is slavery. Anonymous
Rufina, Ioudaia [Jewish woman/Jewess], head of the synagogue, built this tomb for her freed slaves and the slaves raised in her house. No one else has the right to bury anyone (here). Anyone who dares to do so will pay 1500 dinaria to the sacred treasury and 1000 denaria to the Jewish people. A copy of this inscription has been placed in the (public) archives. Anonymous
To Be Sold: A large quantity of pine boards that are well seasoned. Likewise a Negro wench; she is to be disposed of for no fault, but only that she is present with child, she is about 20 years old … and is fit for either town or country business. Anonymous
The Negro’s first want is, not the ballot, but a chance to live,—yes sir, a chance to live. Why he can't even live without the consent of the white man! He has no land; he can make no crops except the white man gives him the chance. He hasn't any timber; he can't get a stick of wood without leave from the white man. We crowd him into the fewest possible employments, and then he can scarcely get work anywhere but in the rice-fields and cotton plantations of a white man who has owned him and given up slavery only at the point of a bayonet... What sort of freedom is that? Anonymous
... till death or distance do you part. Anonymous
I most sincerely wish there was not a slave in the province. It has always seemed a most iniquitous scheme to me—to fight ourselves for what we are daily robbing and plundering from those who have as good a right to freedom as we have. Abigail Adams
I have sometimes been ready to think that the passion for liberty cannot be equally strong in the breasts of those who have been accustomed to deprive their fellow creature of theirs. Abigail Adams
A dissolution of the Union for the cause of slavery would be followed by a servile war in the slave-holding States, combined with a war between the two severed portions of the Union. It seems to me that its result must be the extirpation of slavery from this whole continent. John Quincy Adams
I hold the resolution to be a direct violation of the constitution, the rules of this house and the rights of my constituents. It is for the sacredness of the right to petition that I have adopted this course. Blessed, forever blessed, be the name of God. John Quincy Adams
Slavery establishes false estimates of virtue and vice. John Quincy Adams
What can be more false and heartless than this doctrine which makes the first and holiest rights of humanity to depend on the color of the skin. John Quincy Adams
If they say they will try me, they must try me. If they say they will punish me, they must punish me. But if they say that in peace and mercy they will spare me expulsion, I disdain and cast away their mercy, and I ask if they will come to such a trial and expel me. I defy them. I have constituents to go to, and they will have something to say if this House expels me, nor will it be long before the gentlemen will see me here again. John Adams
When annual elections end, there slavery begins. John Adams
Negro slavery is an evil of colossal magnitude. John Adams
Depravity is so widespread that our land is depopulated …. Monstrous greed motivates our subjects, even Christians, to seize members of their own families to sell them as slaves. Affonso I
Poverty makes slaves of free men. African Proverb
No one doubts that each servant, although he owes the work of his body's members to his carnal lord, owes the religion of his mind to the Creator alone. Agobard
Blush Ye pretended votaries of freedom. Ye trifling patriots who are making a vain parade of being advocates for the liberties of mankind, who are thus making a mockery of your profession by trampling on the sacred, natural rights and priorities of Africans. John Allen; Isaac
If you love your children, if you love your country, if you love the God of love, clear your lands from slaves, burden not your children or country with them. Richard V. Allen
Much depends upon us for the help of our color—more than many are aware. If we are lazy and idle, the enemies of freedom plead it as a cause why we ought not to be free … by such conduct we strengthen the hands of oppression and keep many in bondage …. I entreat you to consider the obligations we lie under …. Richard V. Allen
Tobacco culture [in the American South] represented an all-out assault on the environment for the sake of a crop that did no good and much harm to people’s health as well as to the land, not to mention the political and moral effects of relying on slavery for a labor force. Stephen Ambrose
John Brown was right, because he denied the validity of unrighteous and tyrannical enactments, and maintained the supremacy and binding obligation of the `Higher Law.' John Brown was right, in all that he did--in his spirit and object, in his measures and warlike instruments … if Washington and Hancock and Warren were right--if Putnam, and Prescott, and the soldiers under them, on Bunker Hill, were right--if the Revolutionary struggle was right--if Wallace, and Tell, and Wrinkelreid, and Leonidas were right, in resisting tyranny unto blood! John Albion Andrew
No compromise with slave holders! Susan B. Anthony
Every year you shall deliver 360 head of slaves to the Imam of the Muslims. They shall be slaves of good quality of your country, without defect, both male or female, neither extremely old nor children… Arabs
Barbarians are by nature slaves rather than subjects. Aristotle
Slavery is not penal in character and planned by that law which commands the preservation of the natural order and forbids disturbance. Saint Augustine
…that curse of curses! Texas must be a slave country. Stephen F. Austin
Intellectual slavery ... will always have as a natural result both political and social slavery. Mikhail Bakunin
Liberty without socialism is privilege and injustice; socialism without liberty is slavery and brutality. Mikhail Bakunin
There is no power on earth that has the right to reduce them to slavery …. The United States is not a slave-catcher for foreign slave holders. Roger Nash Baldwin
It is the indispensable duty of those, who maintain for themselves the rights of human nature, and who profess the obligations of Christianity, to extend their power and influence to the relief of every part of the human race, from whatever burden of oppression they may labour under. Benjamin Banneker
The doctrine of state ownership of land … is the exact opposite of the regime of free trade. The doctrine of state ownership should not be allowed to prevail ... Emile Banning
The Fidasians are so expert in keeping their accounts, that they easily reckon as exact, and as quick by memory, as we can do with pen and ink John Bardot
In the 19th century, the chains [of slavery] were metal. Today, the chains are debt—the worker has to repay his transportation, his tools, his food. Carlos Eduardo Barroso
You will … by no means excite the black population to rise against their masters. Henry Bathurst
When socialism comes into power, the Roman Church will advocate socialism with the same vigor [with which] it is now favoring feudalism and slavery. August Bebel
You might just as well read the Bible to a herd of buffaloes as to those fellows ... but they have a supreme respect for the logic ... embodied in Sharp's rifles . Henry Ward Beecher
The abetters of slavery are weaving the thread in the loom, but God is adjusting the pattern. They are asses harnessed to the chariot of Liberty, and, whether they will or no, must draw it on. Henry Ward Beecher
Rebellion! the very word is a confession; an avowal of tyranny, outrage, and oppression. It is taken from the despot's code, and has no terror for others than slavish souls. Judah P. Benjamin
I refuse to play the game of American scholars who only see genocide when it occurs for Europeans. American slavery was just as much a genocide as ever occurred in Nazi Germany. Lerone Bennett Jr.
The Law! It is the arch-crime of the centuries. The path of Man is soaked with the blood it has shed. Can this great criminal determine Right? Is a revolutionist to respect such a travesty? It would mean the perpetuation of human slavery. Alexander Berkman
It is economic slavery, the savage struggle for a crumb, that has converted mankind into wolves and sheep.... My prison-house is but an intensified replica of the world beyond, the larger prison locked with the levers of Greed, guarded by the spawn of Hunger. Alexander Berkman
You may perhaps think me less for running away from slavery, but as to myself, I have but one apology to make for it, which is this: I have only to regret that I did not start at an earlier period. I might have been free long before I was. Henry Watson Bibb
To be compelled to stand by and see you whip and slash my wife without mercy, when I can afford her no protection, not even by offering myself to suffer the lash in her place, was more than I felt it to be the duty of a slave husband to endure, while the way was open to Canada. Henry Watson Bibb
The contest is becoming—has become—one, not alone of freedom for the black, but freedom for the white. James G. Birney
the deportation or extermination of the African race from among us. Francis Preston Blair Sr.
Because I was born a slave, I love liberty more than you. Ludwig Borne
Slavery is the negation of all law, and any law which would perpetuate it would be a sacrilege. Simon Bolivar
Lincoln’s talking nigger citizenship! John Wilkes Booth
Peace upon any other basis than national independence, peace purchased at the cost of any part of our national integrity, is fit only for slaves, and even when purchased at such a price it is a delusion, for it cannot last. William E. Borah
There can be no harmony between organized capitalists and organized labor. Our present wage system is slavery in its worst form. Edward Boyce
When a man has emerged from slavery, and by the aid of beneficent legislation has shaken off the inseparable concomitants of the state, there must be some stage in the progress of the elevation when he takes the rank of a mere citizen, and ceases to be the special favorite of the law. Joseph P. Bradley
Slavery was our original sin. Race, our continuing dilemma. William W. Bradley
Every Southern man sustains me. The fragments of the stick are begged for as sacred relicts. . Preston Brooks
Education makes a people easy to lead, but difficult to drive; easy to govern, but impossible to enslave. Henry Peter Brougham
Because the shouts for European freedom at New York, and the poeans of the Fourth of July are drowned in the clanking of the chains in Washington and New Orleans, is the rising spirit or our free Canada to be drilled and broken down to suit the mock liberty of the model Republic. If they have no sympathy for their own oppressed children, they should feel indebted to those whose hearts are large enough to take in the oppressed of every land and of every color. George S. Brown
I consecrate my life to the abolition of slavery. John Brown
If it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children, and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I say, let it be done. [He was executed.] John Brown
There will be no peace in this land until slavery is ended. John Brown
I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with Blood. John Brown
The enslavement of Africans [in America] built the world's strongest economy. Tony Brown
War is the second worst activity of mankind, the worst being acquiescence in slavery. William F. Buckley Jr.
Connivance is the relaxation of slavery, not the definition of liberty. Edmund Burke
The dearest ambition of a slave is not liberty, but to have a slave of his own. Richard Francis Burton
One of the greatest migrations in history was one of the greatest crimes in history. George W. Bush
Christians … had come through razing the towns and carrying off half the men and all the women and boys. Alvar N. C. de Vaca
President Lincoln desires the right to hold slaves to be fully recognized. The [Civil] war is prosecuted for the Union, hence no question concerning slavery will arise. Simon Cameron
Slavery was once a tradition. Killing Indians like animals was once a tradition. Ben Nighthorse Campbell
Your banner's constellation types White freedom with its stars, But what is the meaning of the stripes? They mean your Negroes' scars. Thomas Campbell
Of all the shameful and infamous expedients whereby man has preyed upon man … this vile thing [the rubber trade] dares to call itself commerce. Roger Casement
When George Washington and the others created U. S. independence, they did not free the slaves; not long ago, a U. S. black athlete could not play baseball in the major leagues. And yet you called yours the freest country in the world. Fidel Castro
There are no slaves in Russia, only peasants attached to the land. Catherine II
Whatever insults human dignity, such as subhuman living conditions, arbitrary imprisonment, deportation, slavery, prostitution, the selling of women and children; as well as disgraceful working conditions, where men are treated as mere tools for profit, rather than as free and responsible persons; all these things and others of their like are infamies indeed. Catholic Church
We have assembled, as a union of freedom for the sake of freedom, forgetting all past differences in a common resolve to maintain the rights of free labor against the aggressions of Slave Power, and to secure a free soil for a free people.... Our calm but final answer is, no more slave states, and no more slave territory. Let the soil of our extensive domain be kept free. Salmon P. Chase
There is no probability that a vote of two thirds can be commanded for any amendment of the Constitution touching slavery … Salmon P. Chase
The grandest proclamation ever issued by man Chicago Tribune
England may as well dam up the waters from the Nile with bulrushes as to fetter the step of freedom. Lydia M. Child
We first crush people to the earth, and then claim the right of trampling on them forever, because they are prostrate. Lydia M. Child
If the Union should not be perpetual, nor the American name be synonymous with that of liberty in all coming time, slavery is at once the cause, the crime, and the avenger. Cassius Marcellus Clay
As long as the waving symbol of another American’s pride is the shameful symbol of another American’s pain, we have bridges to cross in this country and we better get across them. Bill Clinton
Use all the Negroes you can get for ... cooking, digging, chopping and such. But don't arm them. If slaves will make good soldiers, our whole theory of slavery is wrong. Howell Cobb
The States in which we dwell have twice availed themselves of our voluntary services, and have repaid us with chains and slavery. Shall we a third time kiss the foot that crushes us? If so, we deserve our chains. Colored Peoples Press
For the good of the souls of said cannibals … the greater the number sent over to Spain the better … They [the Caribe Indians] are a wild people, fit for any work, well proportioned and very intelligent, and who … will be better than any other kind of slaves. Christopher Columbus
They would make fine servants .... With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want. Christopher Columbus
No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State. Thomas Corwin
All the English slaves in the whole island of Ireland should be immediately emancipated, and restored to their former liberty. Council of Armah
Let no man, for the future, presume to carry on the wicked trade of selling men in markets, like brute beasts, which hitherto hath been the common custom of England. Council of Westminster
I had much rather starve in England, a free woman, than be a slave for the best man that ever breathed upon the American continent Ellen Smith Craft
This war is not waged ... for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor purpose of overthrowing ... established institutions [referring to slavery] ... but to defend … the Constitution and to preserve the Union. John J. Crittendon
It was a piteous sight to see them exposed for sale in Algiers, for then they parted the wife from the husband, and the father from the child; then say I, they sell the husband here, and the wife there, tearing from her arms a daughter whom she cannot hope to see again. Pierre Dan
I deny that the power of amendment [of the Constitution] carries the power of revolution. Garrett Davis
Is this Chamber to be the hot-bed in which plants of sedition are to be nursed? Jefferson Davis
Our slaves are happy and contented. They bear the kindest relation that labor can sustain to capital. Jefferson Davis
The slave must be made fit for his freedom by education and discipline and thus made unfit for slavery. Jefferson Davis
This is about slavery. Jefferson Davis
The war must go on to last man of this generation falls in his tracks … unless you acknowledge our right to self government. We are not fighting for slavery. We are fighting for independence, and that, or extermination, we will have Jefferson Davis
To his slaves [he was] a just and benevolent master. Tomas Davis
Throughout history there have been no ideal ends which were attained with non-ideal, inhumane means, just as there has been no free society which was built by slaves. Nothing so well reveals the reality and greatness of ends as the methods used to obtain them. Milovan Djilas
Slavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere, unless it is supported by local police regulations. Stephen Douglas
There is no appeal this side of Heaven. Stephen Douglas
Slavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere, unless it is supported by local police regulations. Stephen Douglas
That damn fool will get himself killed by some other damn fool. Stephen Douglas
Canting hypocrisy Frederick Douglass
Every one of us should be ashamed to be free while his brother is a slave. Frederick Douglass
Thought the colored man is no longer subject to be bought and sold, he is still surrounded by an adverse sentiment which fetters all his movements. In his downward course he meets with no resistance, but his course upward is resisted at every step of his progress. Frederick Douglass
He who would be free must strike the first blow. Frederick Douglass
I could live for the slave. John Brown could die for him. Frederick Douglass
Let the slaves and free colored people be called into service and formed into a liberating army … Frederick Douglass
My motto is EXTERMINATION.... The slave-holders not only forfeit their right to liberty, but to life itself. Frederick Douglass
The church of this country is not only indifferent to the wrongs of the slave, it actually takes sides with the oppressors… Frederick Douglass
What does it amount to if the Black man, after having been made free by the letter of your law ... is to be subject to the [former] slaveholder's shotgun? Frederick Douglass
What then to the American black Slave is your Fourth of July? I answer, a day that reveals to him ... constant injustice. Frederick Douglass
The work does not end with the abolition of slavery but only begins. Frederick Douglass
Personal bondage was the prevailing form of labor in most of the world …. Freedom, not slavery, was the peculiar institution. Seymour Drescher
We cannot forget that America was built on Africa. W. E. B. Du Bois
I am not willing to trust the [Supreme] court because very much of the trouble in which we are now involved [the Civil War] may be attributed to the fact that we had a pro slavery judiciary. W. McKee Dunn
The masters wanted to keep their slaves, and the slaves, their masters. Luc Durtain
Slavery was a faith-based institution. It was supported by the churches and their ministers who provided a religious and moral justification of the institution. Michael Dyson
If Lee had won, I'd still be a slave. Sa'ad El-Amin
[A Southerner is] as animal, given to pleasure, frivolous, irritable, spending his days in hunting and practicing with deadly weapons to defend himself against his slaves and against his companions brought up in the same idle and barbarous way …. I do not see how a barbarous community and a civilized community can constitute one state. I think we must get rid of slavery or we must get rid of freedom. Ralph Waldo Emerson
Let my people go! Book of Exodus
America is yours [Whites] today because of crime and violence. Louis Farrakhan Walcott
It was a common vice of the English, when they were reduced to poverty, that rather than endure it patiently, they exposed their own children to sale. Girald of Wales; Girald
In almost every one, if not every one, of the greatest political controversies of the last 50 years, whether they affected the [voting] franchise, whether they affected religion, whether they affected the bad and abominable institution of slavery, or what subject they touched, these leisure classes, these educated classes, these titled classes have been in the wrong. William E. Gladstone
I never was an Abolitionist, not even what could be called anti slavery, but I try to judge fairly & honestly and it become patent to my mind early in the rebellion that the North & South could never live at peace with each other except as one nation, and that without Slavery. Ulysses S. Grant
Slavery is the cause of treason and sustains it everywhere it exists. Horace Greeley
Slavery always has, and always will, produce insurrections wherever it exists, because it is a violation of the natural order of things, and no human power can much longer perpetuate it. Angelina Grimke
I have nothing more to offer than what General Washington would have had to offer, had he been taken by the British and put to trial by them. I have adventured my life in endeavoring to obtain the liberty of my countrymen, and am willing to sacrifice to their cause. Gabriel
Freedom and slavery are mental states. Mohandas K. Gandhi
The elevation of the Negro race from slavery to the full rights of citizenship is the most important political change we have known since the adoption of the Constitution of 1787. No thoughtful man can fail to appreciate its beneficent effect upon our institutions and people. James A. Garfield
Neither God, nor angels, or just men, command you to suffer for a single moment. Therefore it is your solemn and imperative duty to use every means, both moral, intellectual, and physical, that promise success .... Brethren, arise, arise! Strike for your lives and liberties.... Let your motto be resistance, resistance, resistance! Henry Highland Garnet
Rather die freemen than live to be the slaves. Henry Highland Garnet
...A Covenant with Death and an Agreement with Hell. So perish all compromises with tyranny. William Lloyd Garrison
God never made a tyrant, or a slave. William Lloyd Garrison
If the State cannot survive the anti-slavery agitation, then let the State perish. William Lloyd Garrison
On this subject [slavery] I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation. No! No! Tell a man whose house is on fire to give a moderate alarm; tell him to moderately rescue his wife from the hands of the ravisher; tell the mother to gradually extricate her babe from the fire into which it has fallen; but urge me not to use moderation in a cause like the present. William Lloyd Garrison
The history of the black man did not begin with slavery. Marcus Garvey
It will perhaps be somewhat surprising to learn that there is no Federal law which makes it a crime for one person to hold another in slavery or involuntary servitude, unless such person has been, in the first instance, kidnapped or carried away or bought or sold. Stanley W. Finch
The natural course of power is to make the many slaves to the few. William Findley
Every one of the leading abolitionists is agitating the negro slavery question merely as a means to obtain their ulterior ends ... a surrender to Socialism and Communism. George Fitzgerald
There are at this day in Scotland two hundred thousand people begging from door to door. These are not only no way advantageous, but a very grievous burden to so poor a country … It were better for the nation if they were sold to the galleys or West Indies, than that they should continue any longer to be a burden and curse upon us. Andrew Fletcher
After the Civil war, everybody in retrospect claimed to be an abolitionist. It’s amazing that slavery survived so long when there were so many abolitionists. Eric Foner
Let him [Hale] visit the good state of Mississippi ... I invite him there, and will tell him beforehand ... that he could not go ten miles into the interior, before he would grace one of the tallest trees in the forest with a rope around his neck, with the approbation of every virtuous and patriotic citizen; and that, if necessary, I should myself assist in the operation. Henry Stuart Foote
God knows that I detest slavery, but it is an existing evil, for which we are not responsible, and we must endure it, and give it such protection as is guaranteed by the constitution, till we can get rid of it without destroying the last hope of free government in the world. Millard Fillmore
All religions have based morality on obedience, that is to say, on voluntary slavery. That is why they have always been more pernicious than any political organization. Alexander Herzen
Slavery and martial law in a free country are altogether incompatible. David Hunter
Nothing is greater than to break the chains from the bodies of men—nothing nobler than to destroy the phantom of the soul. Robert G. Ingersoll
I can say with truth mine is a situation of dignified slavery. Andrew Jackson
Public opinion polls would have maintained slavery. Jesse Jackson
We prefer death to slavery. Eliazer Ben Jair
[Describing slavery:] ... a cruel war against human nature itself. Thomas Jefferson
No man will labour for himself who can make another labour for him. Thomas Jefferson
The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other. Our children see this and learn to imitate it, for man is an imitative animal. Thomas Jefferson
We have the wolf by the ears, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go. Justice is in one scale, and self-preservation in the other. Thomas Jefferson
The rights of human nature are deeply wounded by this infamous practice. Thomas Jefferson
To give liberty to, or rather, to abandon persons whose habits have been formed in slavery is like abandoning children. Thomas Jefferson
We are truly to be pitied. Thomas Jefferson
A deep desire to be of help to my poor people has determined me to take a decided step in that direction. My only regret is that I shall appear ungrateful. Paul Jennings
... not peace at any price. There is a peace more destructive to the manhood of living man than war is destructive of his material body. Chains are worse than bayonets. Douglas Jerrold
I would rather be a free man than be President and a slave. Andrew Johnson
I wonder if anyone but me will remember that June Teenth was always celebrated by all the Negroes in Texas …. It was the day that the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect a hundred or so years ago. Lady Bird Johnson
[Criticizing the American colonists:] How is it that we hear the loudest yelps for liberty among the drivers of negroes? Samuel Johnson
It is not right for public officials to bring scabs and gunmen into any state. I am directly opposed to it myself, but if it is a question of strike or you go into slavery, then I say strike until the last one of us drop into our graves. Mary Harris Jones; Mother Jones
The Declaration of Independence is no part of the Constitution or of any other book. Nathaniel Macon
[Describing slavery:] ... a sad blot on our free country. James Madison
The great danger to our general government is the great southern and northern interests of the continent being opposed to each other. [The states are] divided into different interests not by their difference in size ... but principally from their having or not having slaves. James Madison
Every man who comes to England is entitled to the protection of the English law, whatever oppression he may heretofore have suffered, and whatever may be the colour of his skin, whether it is black or whether it is white. James Mansfield
One thing that is not commonly taught in history classes is that the United States passed the first law of any nation outlawing slavery. That showed the world that it could be done. The state of Pennsylvania passed that law even before there were anti-slavery societies. If a slave owner from another state brought a slave to Pennsylvania and stayed for more than six months, the slave was free. Joyce Appleby
The war to protect American freedom (the American Revolution) was also a war to protect slavery. Simon Schama
The government they devised was defective from the start. Thurgood Marshall
So long as the slave remains ignorant and docile and contented he is taken care of, humored and spoken of with a contemptuous, compassionate kindness. But from the moment he exhibits the attributes of a rational being, from the moment his intellect seems likely to come into the most distant competition with that of whites, the most deadly hatred springs up—not in the black, but in his oppressors. Harriet Martineau
To disarm the people—that was the best and most effective way to enslave them. George Mason
Through the history of the world there have always been exploiters and exploited. There always will be ... because the great mass of men are made by nature to be slaves, they are unfit to control themselves, and for their own good need masters. W. Somerset Maugham
The abolitionists were looked upon as the radicals and militants of their time. James McPherson
The Practice of holding our Fellow-Creatures in Slavery ... is contrary to the Golden Law of God on which hang all the Law and the Prophets, and the unalienable Rights of Mankind as well as every principle of the Revolution. Methodists of Virginia
At some period, however, of their history, almost every people, now civilized, have consisted, in majority, of slaves. A people in that condition require to raise them out of it a very different polity from a nation of savages. John Stuart Mill
No slave is a slave to the same lengths, and in so full a sense of the word, as a wife is. Hardly any slave, except one immediately attached to the master's person, is a slave at all hours and all minutes John Stuart Mill
Was there ever any domination which did not appear natural to those who possessed it? John Stuart Mill
Whether the institution to be defended is slavery, political absolutism, or the absolutism of the head of a family, we are always expected to judge of it from its best instances; and we are presented with pictures of loving exercise of authority on one side, loving submission to it on the other John Stuart Mill
Slavery is not a national evil; on the contrary, it is a national benefit. Involuntary slavery has the advantage, since all who enjoy political liberty are then in fact free. Wealth gives no influence at the polls [in the South]; it does where white men perform the menial services which slaves do here. Stephen D. Miller
They are God’s people, these innocents, whom you destroyed. By what right do you make them die? …. By what right to you unleash enslaving wars upon them? They lived in peace in this land before you came, in peace in their own homes. They did nothing to cause you to slaughter them wholesale …. Are you out of your souls, out of your minds? Anton Montecino
The United States will never be able to pay us [Blacks] all they owe us. They don't have the money. Audley Moore
Declare for such an amendment of the Constitution as will positively prohibit African slavery in the United States. Edward D. Morgan
The issue is whether or not Americans such as myself ... will have to suffer the indignity of being reminded time and time again that at one point in this country's history, we were human chattel. This vote is about race ... and the single most painful episode in American history. Carol Moseley-Braun
If you white men are desirous of throwing away your lives it is no reasons we Arabs should. We travel little by little to get ivory and slaves and are years about it. But you white men look only for rivers and lakes and mountains, and you spend your lives for no reason and no purpose. Hamed bin Muhammad; Tippu Tip
The air of England has long been too pure for a slave, and every man is free who breathes it. Every man who comes to England is entitled to the protection of English law, whatever oppression he may heretofore have suffered, and whatever may be the colour of his skin. William Murray
It was while you were sleeping that the enemy came. Barbarism, the foe of all that is good, did its work and the tares which it sowed and the evil which threatens to invade everything, is slavery. Charles Lavigere
In this enlightened age there are few, I believe, but what will acknowledge that slavery as an institution is a moral and political evil in any country.... I think it, however, a greater evil to the white than to the black race, and while my feelings are strongly enlisted in behalf of the latter, my sympathies are more strong for the former. Robert E. Lee
A new kind of slavery will emerge. It will probably adopt the cruelest form of domination the community could impose upon the individual and the state upon the community. Konstantin N. Leontiev
is assailed, and sneered at, and construed, and hawked at, and torn, till, if its framers could rise from their graves, they could not at all recognize it. Abraham Lincoln
The Supreme Court of the United States is the tribunal to decide such questions. We [Republicans] will submit to its decisions; and if you [Democrats] do also, there will be an end of the matter. Abraham Lincoln
Although volume upon volume is written to prove slavery a very good thing, we never hear of the man who wishes to take the good of it, by being a slave himself. Abraham Lincoln
Can it be pretended that it is any longer the government of the U.S., any government of Constitution and laws, wherein a General, or President, may make permanent rules of property by proclamation? Abraham Lincoln
I can only trust in God I have made no mistake. It is now for the country and the world to pass judgment on it. Abraham Lincoln
l know there is a God, and that He hates injustice and slavery. I see the storm coming, and I know that His hand is in it. If he has a place and work for me—and I think He has—I believe I am ready. Abraham Lincoln
My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and it I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that. Abraham Lincoln
The mass of white men are really injured by the effect of slave labor in the vicinity of the fields of their own labor. Abraham Lincoln
We were proclaiming ourselves political hypocrites before the world by thus fostering human slavery and proclaiming ourselves, at the same time, the sole friends of human freedom. Abraham Lincoln
Whenever I hear any one, arguing for slavery I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally. Abraham Lincoln
colonizing free colored persons, with their own consent, at any place or places without the United States. Abraham Lincoln
When we were the political slaves of King George and wanted to be free, we called the maxim that "all men are created equal" a self-evident truth, but now that we have grown fat, and have lost all dread of being slaves ourselves, we have become so greedy to be masters that we call the same maxim "a self-evident lie." Abraham Lincoln
[By 1863 the Union blockade of the South was taking its toll in England where thousands were out of work in the Manchester and other mills for lack of imported cotton. Nonetheless the English workers were ardent opponents of slavery and supporters of the North. … an instance of sublime Christian heroism which has not been surpassed in an age of in any country Abraham Lincoln
As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. Whatever differs from this, to the extent of the difference, is no democracy. Abraham Lincoln
Familiarize yourselves with the chains of bondage and you prepare your own limbs to wear them. Abraham Lincoln
I hate to see the poor creatures hunted down ... but I bite my lips and keep quiet. Abraham Lincoln
I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. Abraham Lincoln
I never in my life and felt more certain that I was doing right than I do in signing this paper Abraham Lincoln
I shall not attempt to retract or modify the Emancipation Proclamation; nor shall I return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation. Abraham Lincoln
I should be damned in time and in eternity for so doing. The world shall know that I will keep my faith to friends and enemies, come what will. Abraham Lincoln
I should never have had votes enough to send me here [to the White House], if the people had supposed I should try to use my veto power to upset slavery. Abraham Lincoln
I would employee all colored men as laborers, but would not promise to make soldiers of them Abraham Lincoln
If my name every goes down in history, it will be for this act. Abraham Lincoln
If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong. Abraham Lincoln
In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free—honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the last best, hope on earth. Abraham Lincoln
They are mostly my old political and personal friends …. Of their principles I think little better than I do of those of the slavery extensionists. Indeed I do not perceive how any one professing to be sensitive to the wrongs of the Negroes, can join in any league to degrade a class of white men. Abraham Lincoln
My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or destroy slavery. Abraham Lincoln
Proclaiming slaves free does not make them free. Abraham Lincoln
So this is the little lady who made this big war. Abraham Lincoln
The essence of squatter or popular sovereignty—I don't care how you call it—is that if one man chooses to make a slave of another, no third man shall be allowed to object. Abraham Lincoln
The sacred right of self government … has been so perverted so that if one man decides to enslave a second man, a third man may not object. Abraham Lincoln
We must make good in essence as well as in form Madison's avowal that "the word slave ought not to appear in the Constitution"; and we must even go further and decree that only local law, and not that time-honored instrument [the Constitution], shall shelter a slave-holder. Abraham Lincoln
The people of Illinois agreed with the people of Massachusetts [about slavery] except perhaps they do not so constantly keep thinking about it. Abraham Lincoln
There is this vital difference between all those states and the judge's [Douglas's] Kansas experiment; that they sought to disestablish slavery which had already been established, while the judge seeks, so far as he can, to disestablish freedom, which had been established there by the Missouri Compromise. Abraham Lincoln
Equal justice to the South, it is said, requires us to consent to the extension of slavery to new countries [states]. That is to say, inasmuch as you do not object to my taking my hog to Nebraska, therefore I must not object to your taking your slave. Now, I admit this is perfectly logical, if there is no difference between hogs and negroes. Abraham Lincoln
The chief and real purpose of the Republican party is conservative. It proposes nothing save and except to restore this government to its original tone in regard to this element of slavery. Abraham Lincoln
We [Republicans] have to fight this battle [against slavery] upon principle alone, so I hope those with whom I am surrounded have principle enough to nerve themselves for the task, and leave nothing undone that can fairly be done to bring about the right result. Abraham Lincoln
My paramount object is to save the Union, and not either to save or destroy Slavery. What I do about slavery and the colored race, I do because it helps to save the Union, and what I forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union. Abraham Lincoln
When the white man governs himself, that is self-government; but when he governs himself and also governs another man, ... that is tyranny. Abraham Lincoln
With some the word liberty may mean for each man to do as he pleases with himself, and the product of his labor; while with others the same word may mean for some men to do as they please with other men, and the product of other men's labor ... Each of the things is, by the respective party, called by two different and incompatible names—liberty and tyranny. Abraham Lincoln
Your race has suffered the greatest wrong that has ever been inflicted on any continent. Abraham Lincoln
The slave trade must be suppressed. David Livingston
People … are frequently visited by the Mambari as slave-dealers. This trade causes bloodshed; for when a poor family is selected as the victims, it is necessary to get rid of the older members of it, because they are supposed to be able to give annoyance to the chief afterward by means of enchantments David Livingston
Slave-traders have always been very much at the mercy of the chiefs through whose country they have passed; for if they afforded a ready asylum for runaway slaves, the traders might be deserted at any moment. David Livingston
The great objection many of the Boers had, and still have, to English law, is that it makes no distinction between black men and white. They felt aggrieved by their supposed losses in the emancipation of their Hottentot slaves, and determined to erect themselves into a republic, in which they might pursue, without molestation, the "proper treatment of the blacks". It is almost needless to add that the "proper treatment" has always contained in it the essential element of slavery, namely, compulsory unpaid labor. David Livingston
They compelled the Portuguese traders to pay for water, wood, and even grass, and every possible pretext was invented for levying fines; and these were patiently submitted to so long as the slave-trade continued to flourish. David Livingston
We had proceeded on the principles of peace and conciliation … in fact, we were taken for interlopers trying to cheat the revenue of the tribe. They had been accustomed to get a slave or two from every slave-trader who passed them, and now that we disputed the right, they viewed the infringement on what they considered lawfully due with most virtuous indignation. David Livingston
You have said that it is me killing you; now here are your masters coming … you will have to pull and shove wagons, but under me you never had to do this kind of thing. Now you be joyful because here are your future rulers. Lobengula
He that in the state of Nature would take away the freedom that belongs to any one in that state must necessarily be supposed to have a design to take away everything else John Locke
Human rights are mutual and reciprocal, and if you take my liberty and life, you forfeit your own liberty and life. Jermain Wesley Loguen
I have not come to discuss but to dictate. John Kirk
Turn to your kitchens recognize your shame And cease to stun our ears with freedom’s name…. Anonymous
There are times when self defense is a religious duty. Henry Ward Beecher
Sir, the people of the northern states are cowards. Slavery has made cowards of them all. The whites are afraid of each other, and the blacks are afraid of the whites. You can effect nothing among such people John Brown
I am under a cloud now because I refuse to defend slavery as a natural right, and have received also my ‘warning’ from a portion of the Catholic public. Orestes Augustus Brownson
That law is constitutional, and the Constitution authorizes nothing repugnant to the Divine law. Orestes Augustus Brownson
The fact is, riches are power, and poverty is slavery all over the earth, and one sort of establishment is no better, no worse, for a people than another. Lord George Gordon
We have said and we now repeat it, that slavery and the Catholic Church could never get along well together. Catholic Telegraph
In France … the Gentry who may possess Lands, live in good condition, though the Peasants are little better then Slaves, because they can possess nothing but at the will of others. Josiah Child
It is astonishing with what facility the African brokers reckon up the exchange of European goods for slaves. One of these brokers has perhaps ten slaves to sell, and for each of these he demands ten different articles. He reduces them immediately by the head to bars, coppers, ounces ... and immediately strikes the balance. The European, on the other hand, takes his pen, and with great deliberation, and with all the advantage of the arithmetick and letters, begins to estimate also. He is so unfortunate often, as to make a mistake; but he no sooner errs, than he is detected by this man of inferiour capacity, whom he can neither deceive in the name or quality of his goods, nor in the balance of his account. Thomas Clarkson
Because of unconquerable prejudice resulting from their color, [freed slaves] never could amalgamate with the free whites of this country. Henry Clay
Died—Negro Tom, the famous African Calculator, aged 80 years. He was the property of Mrs. Elizabeth Cox of Alexandria. Tom was a very black man. He was brought to this country at the age of 14, and was sold as a slave.... This man was a prodigy. Though he could never read or write, he had perfectly acquired the art of enumeration.... He could multiply seven into itself, that product by seven, and the products, so produced, by seven, for seven times. He could give the number of months, days, weeks, hours, minutes, and seconds in any period of time that any person chose to mention, allowing in his calculation for all leap years that happened in the time; he would give the number of poles, yards, feet, inches, and barley-corns in any distance, say the diameter of the earth's orbit; and in every calculation he would produce the true answer in less time than ninety-nine men out of a hundred would produce with their pens. And, what was, perhaps, more extraordinary, though interrupted in the progress of his calculation, and engaged in discourse necessary for him to begin again, but he would ... cast up plots of land. He took great notice of the lines of land which he had seen surveyed. He drew just conclusions from facts; surprisingly so, for his opportunities. Had his [Thomas Fuller’s] opportunity been equal to those of thousands of his fellow-men ... even a NEWTON himself, need have ashamed to acknowledge him a Brother in Science. Columbian Centinial
It is asked: Whether it is permitted to capture by force and deceit Blacks and other natives who have harmed no one? Answer: no. Whether it is permitted to buy, sell or make contracts in their respect Blacks or other natives who have harmed no one and been made captives by force of deceit? Answer: no. Whether the possessors of Blacks and other natives who have harmed no one and been captured by force or deceit, are not held to set them free? Answer: yes. Whether the captors, buyers and possessors of Blacks and other natives who have harmed no one and who have been captured by force or deceit are not held to make compensation to them? Answer: yes. Congregation of the Holy Office; Roman Inquisition
Whereas, serious and alarming dissensions have arisen between the Northern and Southern States, concerning the rights and security of the rights of the slaveholding States, and especially their rights in the common territory of the United States; and whereas it is eminently desirable and proper that these dissensions, which now threaten the very existence of this Union, should be permanently quieted and settled by constitutional provisions, which shall do equal justice to all sections, and thereby restore to the people that peace and good will which ought to prevail between all the citizens of the United States: Therefore,… John J. Crittendon
The masses in this country [Spain] are not like your Americans, nor even like the British. They are slave stock. They are good for nothing but slaves and only when they are used as slaves are they happy. Gonzalo de Aguilera
I tell you slavery is over, and shall never return again. We have now 200,000 of our men well drilled in arms and used to warfare, and I tell you it is with you and them that slavery shall not come back again, and if you are determined it will not return again. Martin Delany
The Constitution of the United States is a pro slavery instrument, and no consistent anti slavery person should either vote or hold office under it Martin Delany
Everybody has asked the question… “What shall we do with the Negro?” I have had but one answer from the beginning. Do nothing with us! Your doing with us has already played the mischief with us. Do nothing with us! If the apples will not remain on the tree of their own strength, if they are wormeaten at the core, if they are early ripe and disposed to fall, let them fall! I am not for tying or fastening them on the tree in any way, except by nature's plan, and if they will not stay there, let them fall. And if the Negro cannot stand on his own legs, let him fall also. All I ask is, give him a chance to stand on his own legs! Let him alone! Frederick Douglass
Judging from my own observation and experience, I believe these holidays to be among the most effective means, in the hands of slaveholders, of keeping down the spirit of insurrection among the slaves. To enslave men, successfully and safely, it is necessary to have their minds occupied with thoughts and aspirations short of the liberty of which they are deprived. A certain degree of attainable good must be kept before them. These holidays serve the purpose of keeping the minds of the slaves occupied with prospective pleasure, within the limits of slavery Frederick Douglass
The majority spent the holidays in sports, ball playing, wrestling, boxing, running foot races, dancing, and drinking whisky; and this latter mode of spending the time was generally most agreeable to their masters. A slave who would work during the holidays, was thought, by his master, undeserving of holidays. Such a one had rejected the favor of his master. There was, in this simple act of continued work, an accusation against slaves; and a slave could not help thinking, that if he made three dollars during the holidays, he might make three hundred during the year. Not to be drunk during the holidays, was disgraceful; and he was esteemed a lazy and improvident man, who could not afford to drink whisky during Christmas. Frederick Douglass
Popery and Slavery, like two sisters, go hand in hand, sometimes one goes first. Sometimes the other, in a door, but the other is always following close at hand. Earl of Shaftesbury; Anthony Ashley Cooper
Barbary is hell – So, alas, is all America south of Pennsylvania; for oppression, and slavery, and misery, are there! William Eaton
A good servant makes a bad enemy English Proverb or Saying
They have deprived the natives of their property or turned it to their own use, and have subjected some of the inhabitants of said islands to perpetual slavery, sold them to other persons and committed other various illicit and evil deeds against them.… We order and command all and each of the faithful of each sex that, within the space of fifteen days of the publication of these letters in the place where they live, that they restore to their earlier liberty all and each person of either sex who were once residents of said Canary Islands ... who have been made subject to slavery. These people are to be totally and perpetually free and are to be let go without the exaction or reception of any money. Eugene IV
Therefore, we request that you understand this text, deliberate on its contents within a reasonable time, and recognize the Church and its highest priest, the Pope, as rulers of the universe, and in their name the King and Queen of Spain as rulers of this land, allowing the religious fathers to preach our holy Faith to you. You owe compliance as a duty to the King and we in his name will receive you with love and charity, respecting your freedom and that of your wives and sons and your rights of possession and we shall not compel you to baptism unless you, informed of the Truth, wish to convert to our holy Catholic Faith as almost all your neighbors have done in other islands, in exchange for which Their Highnesses bestow many privileges and exemptions upon you. Should you fail to comply, or delay maliciously in so doing, we assure you that with the help of God we shall use force against you, declaring war upon you from all sides and with all possible means, and we shall bind you to the yoke of the Church and of Their Highnesses; we shall enslave your persons, wives and sons, sell you or dispose of you as the King sees fit; we shall seize your possessions and harm you as much as we can as disobedient and resisting vassals. And we declare you guilty of resulting deaths and injuries, exempting Their Highnesses of such guilt as well as ourselves and the gentlemen who accompany us. Ferdinand V
By the will of Fate wealth influences everything. Rulers are slaves of their means. Frederick II
If a white teach a free negro or a slave to write he is fined $500, and imprisoned at the discretion of the Court; if the offender be a colored man, bond or free, he may be fined or whipped at the discretion of the Court Georgia
In this country, popery finds its appropriate ally in the institution of slavery. They are both kindred systems. One enslaves the mind, the other both mind and body. Joseph Gordon
Under the penalty of excommunication … [if] anyone have or detain such Indian slaves they must give up all craft and deceit, set the slaves completely free and in the future neither make nor retain slaves in any way. Gregory XIV
We warn and adjure earnestly in the Lord faithful Christians of every condition that no one in the future dare to vex anyone, despoil him of his possessions, reduce to servitude, or lend aid and favour to those who give themselves up to these practices, or exercise that inhuman traffic by which the Blacks, as if they were not men but rather animals, having been brought into servitude, in no matter what way, are, without any distinction, in contempt of the rights of justice and humanity, bought, sold, and devoted sometimes to the hardest labour. Further, in the hope of gain, propositions of purchase being made to the first owners of the Blacks, dissensions and almost perpetual conflicts are aroused in these regions. We prohibit and strictly forbid any Ecclesiastic or lay person from presuming to defend as permissible this traffic in Blacks under no matter what pretext or excuse, or from publishing or teaching in any manner whatsoever, in public or privately, opinions contrary to what We have set forth in this Apostolic Letter. Gregory XVI
Insurance policies from the slavery era have been discovered in the archives of several insurance companies, documenting insurance coverage for slaveholders for damage to or death of their slaves, issued by a predecessor insurance firm. These documents provide the first evidence of ill-gotten profits from slavery, which profits in part capitalized insurers whose successors remain in existence today. Tom Hayden
They Should Have Their Day In Court Mike Honda
A Negro boy, named George Kirk, a slave from Georgia, secreted himself in a vessel commanded by Captain Cuckley, and was brought to New York. Here he was arrested and confined, at the instance of the captain, who is subjected to severe penalties for the abduction of the slave. The claim of the master to have the fugitive sent back to Georgia was tried…. The judge’s decision set the boy free, for want of evidence to prove his identity; and such a mob, of all colours, from dirty white to shining black, came rushing down Nassau and into Beckman Street as made peaceable people shrink into places of security. Such shouting and jostling, such peals of negro triumph, such uncovering of woolly heads in raising the greasy hats to give effect to the loud huzzas of the sons of Africa…. How will it end? How long will the North and the South remain a united people? Philip Hone
There has been of late great excitement in consequence of the proceedings of a set of fanatics who are determined to emancipate all the slaves by a coup de main, and have held meetings in which black men and women have been introduced. These meetings have been attended with tumult and violence…. The police at length interfered, rather tardily, I should think; but the diabolical spirit which prompted this outrage is not quenched, and I apprehend we shall see more of it. Philip Hone
I should sooner remain in Southern bondage than avail myself of the opportunity of Northern freedom. John Hughes
The Catholics, so far as I know, whether of native or foreign birth, are willing to fight to the death for the support of the constitution, the Government and the laws of the country. But if it should be understood that, with or without knowing it, they are to fight for the abolition of slavery, then, indeed, they will turn away in disgust from the discharge of what would otherwise be a patriotic duty. John Hughes
No Christian shall do the Jews any personal injury, except in executing the judgments of a judge, or deprive them of their possessions, or change the rights and privileges which they have been accustomed to have. During the celebration of their festivals, no one shall disturb them by beating them with clubs or by throwing stones at them. No one shall compel them to render any services except those which they have been accustomed to render. And to prevent the baseness and avarice of wicked men we forbid anyone to deface or damage their cemeteries or to extort money from them by threatening to exhume the bodies of their dead.... Innocent III
Irishmen and Irishwomen! treat the colored people as your equals, as brethren. Ireland
I apprehend, if through the interference of the general [Federal] government, the slave-trade was abolished was abolished, it would evince to the people a general disposition toward total emancipation. James Jackson
What right do these Quaker pacifists have to tell us how to run our newly won independent nation when it is we, who at the risk of our lives and fortunes, secured to the community their liberty and property? James Jackson
Smoking, chewing betel nut, and taking drugs for pleasure are not for Christians. These practices are wrong because (1) they make us their slaves, (2) they harm our bodies, and (3) they are unclean … It can be very hard to give up these habits. But we must do so to please Jehovah. Jehovah's Witnesses
For half a century past, the African slave-trade began to awaken a spirit of remorse and sympathy in the breasts of men, and a conviction that the traffic was repugnant to the principles of Christian duty, and the maxims of justice and humanity James Kent
The maternal love of the Catholic Church embraces all people. As you know, venerable brother, the Church from the beginning sought to completely eliminate slavery, whose wretched yoke has oppressed many people. Leo XIII
In the presence of so much suffering, the condition of slavery, in which a considerable part of the great human family has been sunk in squalor and affliction now for many centuries, is deeply to be deplored; for the system is one which is wholly opposed to that which was originally ordained by God and by nature. The Supreme Author of all things so decreed that man should exercise a sort of royal dominion over beasts and cattle and fish and fowl, but never that men should exercise a like dominion over their fellow men. Leo XIII
I wonder if we haven’t committed the most dreadful folly. George Leveson-Gower
I am naturally antislavery. If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong. I cannot remember a time when I did not so think, and feel. Abraham Lincoln
I think the negro (sic) is included in the word “men” used in the Declaration of Independence – I believe the declaration that “all men are created equal” is the great fundamental principal upon which are free institutions rest. Abraham Lincoln
I can not but regard it as possible that the higher object of this contest (for abolition) may not be completely attained within the term of my natural life Abraham Lincoln
… there is no right, and ought to be no inclination of the people of the free states to enter into the slave states, and interfere with the question of slavery at all. Abraham Lincoln
We must free the slaves or be ourselves subdued. Abraham Lincoln
We are in the midst of war – war of the most bloody kind – a war of extermination. Freedom and slavery are interlocked in deadly embrace, and death is certain for one or the other party.... A crisis is just before us ... and only God knoweth where it will end. Julia Louisa Lovejoy
To have found a great people sunk in the lowest depths of slavery and superstition, to have so ruled them as to have made them desirous and capable of all the privileges of citizens, would indeed be a title to glory all our own. Thomas Babington Macaulay
Do not deliver yourself up as a slave to any man. Adarbad Mahraspandan
There is now at sea a ship called the Welcome, which has on board an hundred or more of the heretics and malignants called "Quakers," with W. Penn, who is the chief scamp, at the head of them. The general court [governmental body of Massachusetts] has accordingly given secret orders to Master Malachi Huscott, of the brig Porpoise, to waylay the said Penn and his ungodly crew, so that the Lord may be glorified, and not mocked on the soil of this new country with the heathen worship [sic] of these people. Much spoil can be made by selling the whole lot to Barbados, where slaves fetch good prices in rum and sugar. Cotton Mather
Catholics dismissed notions that Africans were biologically inferior to other humans, insisted that slaves be permitted to marry and receive an education, frequently expressed doubts about the morality of slavery as it existed in the nineteenth century, and almost never defended slavery as an unqualified good. But most Catholics accepted slavery in principle, with even twentieth-century theologians declaring slavery “not in itself intrinsically wrong.” Fearful of social disorder and unwilling to distinguish the suffering of slaves from other human miseries, Catholics lumped immediate slave emancipation with a religious and political radicalism that threatened the foundations of society. John T. McGreevy
There has never been a day in which Catholics, in the communion of the Church and uncensored by her, have not held slaves. James McMaster
Pray, what thing in the world can be done worse towards us, than if men should rob or steal us away, and sell us for slaves to strange countries; separating husbands from their wives and children. Being now this is not done in the manner we would be done at; therefore, we contradict, and are against this traffic of men-body. And we who profess that it is not lawful to steal, must, likewise, avoid to purchase such things as are stolen, but rather help to stop this robbing and stealing, if possible. And such men ought to be delivered out of the hands of the robbers, and set free … Mennonites
Little America James Monroe
You are all in mortal sin, and live and die in it, because of the cruelty and tyranny you practice among these innocent peoples., Tell me, by what right or justice do you hold these Indians in such a cruel and horrible servitude? On what authority have you waged such detestable wars against these peoples, who dwelt quietly and peacefully on their own land? Wars in which you have destroyed such infinite numbers of them by homicides and slaughters never before heard of? Why do you keep them so oppressed and exhausted, without giving them enough to eat or curing them of the sicknesses they incur from the excessive labor you give them, and they die, or rather, you kill them, in order to extract and acquire gold every day? … Are these not men? Do they not have rational souls? Are you not bound to love them as you love yourselves? Don’t you understand this? Don’t you feel this? Why are you sleeping in such a profound lethargic slumber? Antonio de Montesinos
The Indians at length, thoroughly aroused by the cruelties of the Spaniards, by whom they were deprived of their liberty, forced to labor in the silver mines with inadequate food, and barbarously treated, finally rose, joined with tribes who had never been subdued, and gradually drove out or massacred their oppressors Sylvester Mowry
You pay me tribute, by that you become my slaves. Mustapha II; Bobba Mustapha
We … granted among other things free and ample faculty to the aforesaid King Alfonso – to invade, search out, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens and pagans whatsoever, and other enemies of Christ wheresoever placed … and all movable and immovable goods whatsoever held and possessed by them and to reduce their persons to perpetual slavery, and to apply and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms … and to convert them to his and their use and profit. Nicholas V
The Catholic clergy are on the side of slavery. They find it is the dominant power, and pay court thereto that they may rise by its help. They love slavery itself; it is an institution thoroughly congenial to them, consistent with the first principles of their Church … Theodore Parker
The enemy of the human race [Satan] … inspired his satellites who, to please him, have not hesitated to publish abroad that the Indians of the West and the South, and other people of whom We have recent knowledge should be treated as dumb brutes created for our service, pretending that they are incapable of receiving the Catholic Faith…. We define and declare by these Our letters … Indians and all other people who may later be discovered by Christians, are by no means to be deprived of their liberty or the possession of their property, even though they be outside the faith of Jesus Christ; and that they may and should, freely and legitimately, enjoy their liberty and the possession of their property; nor should they be in any way enslaved; should the contrary happen, it shall be null and have no effect Paul III
All persons, as well Negroes and Mulattoes as others, who shall be born within this state from and after the passing of this act, shall not be deemed and considered as servants for life, or slaves; and that all servitude for life, or slavery of children, in consequence of the slavery of their mothers, in the case of all children born within this state, from and after the passing of this act as aforesaid, shall be, and hereby is utterly taken away, extinguished and for ever abolished. Pennsylvania
Negro President Timothy Pickering
How, sir! Is this enormous evil ever to be eradicated, if every nation is thus prudentially to wait till the concurrence of all the world shall have been obtained? William Pitt the Younger
Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons.... It is not contrary to the natural and divine law for a slave to be sold, bought, exchanged or given Pius IX; Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons.  It is not contrary to the natural and divine law for a slave to be sold, bought, exchanged or given.  The purchaser should carefully examine whether the slave who is put up for sale has been justly or unjustly deprived of his liberty, and that the vendor should do nothing which might endanger the life, virtue or Catholic faith of the slave. Pius IX
The Romans treat their servants better than the king of the Scythians treats his subjects. They deal with them as fathers or teachers, admonishing them to abstain from evil and follow the lines of conduct whey they have esteemed honorable; they reprove them for their errors like their own children. They are not allowed, like the Scythians, to inflict death on them. Pricus of Panium
The Catholic Church has ever been the friend of human freedom. It was Christ’s mission to set men free, and Christian people disregard his precepts and principles and example, when they seek to uphold or perpetuate involuntary human servitude. John B. Purcell
Twin relics of barbarism: slavery, and polygamy Republican Party
A policy of insurance was made on Ship and Goods at and from London to the Coast of Africa and thence to Carolina upon interest with the following Warranty: The Assured hath agreed to warrant the ship sheathed, to take upon himself all Averages arising by Death and Insurrection of Negroes and all Loss and Damage by prohibited trade.’ The ship proceeded to Africa, and the Master disposed of the outward-bound cargo in purchasing Negroes, a few Elephant’s teeth, and some Gold Dust, and having finished the trade there, departed for Carolina, but before he got off the Coast, the Negroes made an insurrection, killed two of the mariners, and the Ship taking fire, the Master and rest of the mariners quitted her and got away in the boat, the Negroes ran the ship ashore and made their escape by leaping overboard and swimming to land, as is supposed, and the Ship was beat to pieces and totally lost with other goods on board.’ Royal London Assurance Company
Thomas Fuller, known as the Virginia Calculator, was stolen from his native Africa at the age of fourteen and sold to a planter. When he was about seventy years old, 'two gentlemen, natives of Pennsylvania, viz., William Hartshorne and Samuel Coates, men of probity and respectable characters, having heard, in traveling through the neighborhood in which the slave lived, of his extraordinary powers in arithmetic, sent for him and had their curiosity sufficiently gratified by the answers which he gave to the following questions: First, Upon being asked how many seconds there were in a year and a half, he answered in about two minutes, 47,304,000. Second: On being asked how many seconds a man has lived who is 70 years, 17 days and 12 hours old, he answered in a minute and a half 2,210,500,800. One of the gentlemen who employed himself with his pen in making these calculations told him he was wrong, and the sum was not so great as he had said—upon which the old man hastily replied: stop, master, you forget the leap year. On adding the amount of the seconds of the leap years the amount of the whole in both their sums agreed exactly. Edward Wheeler Scripture
It is far better to die on the battlefield than live as a slave. Haile Selassie
Come on then, Gentlemen of the Slave States. Since there is no escaping your challenge, I accept it in behalf of the cause of freedom. We will engage in competition for the virgin soil of Kansas, and God give the victory to the side which is stronger in numbers as it is in the right. William H. Seward
No question can be settled by force, my pacifist friends all say. And this in a country in which a Civil War was fought and the question of slavery and secession settled! I can speak with especial certainty of this question, because all my ancestors were Southerners and fought on the rebel side; I myself am living testimony to the fact that force can and does settle questions—when it is used with intelligence. Upton Sinclair
But I think of all the Christian denominations in the United States the Catholics are the last the Southern people should join in attempting to put under the ban of civil proscription. For as a church they have never warred against us or our peculiar institutions. No man can say as much of the New England Baptists, Presbyterians or Methodists: the long role of abolition petitions with which Congress has been so excited and agitated for years past come not from the Catholics; their pulpits in the North are not desecrated every Sabbath with anathemas against slavery. Alexander H. Stephens
This is the land of freedom. The press is at liberty. Every man has a right to express his opinion. Many thinks, because your skins are tinged with a sable hue, that you are an inferior race of beings; but God does not consider you as such. He hath formed and fashioned you in his own glorious image, and hath bestowed upon you reason and strong powers of intellect. He hath made you to have dominion over the beasts of the field, the fowls of the air, and the fish of the sea. He hath crowned you with glory and honor; hath made you but a little lower than the angels; and, according to the Constitution of these United States, he hath made all men free and equal …. It is not the color of the skin that makes the man, but it is the principles formed within the soul. Maria W. Stewart
The dysfunction of African-Americans is directly related to the fact that African-Americans as a racial group are no longer needed to bolster the economy as they were in slavery days. Warren H. Stewart Sr.
[Revolts] will break out again, and if they do you will not be able to control them…. I cannot understand how you can expect slaves to be quiet, who are reading English newspapers. William Taylor
No loss of damage shall hereafter be recoverable on Account of the Mortality of Slaves by natural Death, or ill-treatment, or against Loss by throwing overboard of Slaves on any Account whatsoever, for restraints and detainments of princes, and people of Africa, caused through any Aggression for the Purpose of procuring Slaves’ United States
Put up a stubborn fight against any form of slavery and safeguard the basic human rights under any political system Pope Paul VI
no male person, born in this country, or brought from over sea, ought to beholden by law to serve any person, as a servant, slave, or apprentice, after he arrives to the age of twenty one Years; nor female, in like manner, after she arrives to the age of eighteen years; unless they are bound by their own consent after they arrive to such age; or bound by law for the payment of debts, damages, fines, costs, or the like. Vermont
The immeasurable bounty of life for themselves [the POWs] and their posterity in a free society services the debt. Vaughn R. Walker
The only difference between the Negro slave of the South, and the white wage slave of the North is, that the one has a master without asking for him, and the other has to beg for the privilege of becoming a slave. . . . The one is the slave of an individual; the other is the slave of an inexorable class. Michael Walsh
abolished by slow, sure and imperceptible degrees George Washington
O be not weary of well doing! Go on, in the name of God and in the power of his might, till even American slavery (the vilest that ever saw the sun) shall vanish away before it. John Wesley
Society of the Friends of Blacks Jacques Pierre Brissot
Always the man on the ground has feared the new comer because he did not understand him. If a white man went into the Congo, he would be hated and misunderstood. That is your lot here. You have a long, long road to travel, an arduous foe to fight, and that foe is prejudice, which we have always had with us. It may be, that without slavery, your race would never have had its chance for civilization. You might still be savages in Africa---and you might be better off there. But still I think that civilization is worth the price we have to pay for it. You'll have to work harder---harder than the white man---because you're on his home grounds....There is no inherent difference between your capacity for growth and that of any other man, whatever his color. Clarence Darrow
Is Justice to be established by subjecting half of mankind to the will of the other half? Justice, Sir, is blind to colors, and weighs in equal scales the rights of all men whether white or black…. An opportunity is now presented, if not to diminish, at least to prevent the growth of a sin that sits heavy on the soul of every one of us. Arthur Livermore
No additional slaves will be allowed into the State …. All children, born within the said state, after the admission thereof into the Union, shall be free at the age of twenty five. James Tallmadge Jr.
Come with me, Douglass, I will defend you with my life. I want you for a special purpose. When I strike the bees will begin to swarm, and I shall want you to help hive them. John Brown
His aim is to place the Negroes on equality with the white man—to have him eat at the same table, sit in the same pew, and vote at the same ballot box. He would appear to forget altogether the Creator himself made a distinction when he established the immovable barrier of color between the races. Chambersburg Valley Spirit
We will make your women bear our children who will become your masters. Lorenzo Bernal del Mercado
There are no limits to which powers of privilege will not go to keep the workers in slavery. Mother Jones; Mary Harris Jones
Opposition to the admission of a state into the union with a constitution prohibiting slavery, on account of such prohibition, is a policy wholly unjustifiable and unstatesmanlike, and in violation of that spirit of concession and compromise by which alone the federal constitution was, adopted, and by which alone it can be perpetuated. Senator Broderick
Tell me not of rights; talk not of the property of the planter in his slaves! I deny the right--I acknowledge not the property! The principles, the feelings of our nature, rise in rebellion against it Henry Peter Brougham
I want Cuba . . . I want Tamaulipas, Potosi, and one or two other Mexican States; and I want them all for the same reason -- for the planting and spreading of slavery Albert Gallatin Brown
Who would be a traitor knave? Who would fill a coward's grave? Who so base as be a slave? Let him turn and flee! Robert Burns
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude unless for the punishment of crime shall ever be tolerated in this state California
If white labor is too high for agriculture, laborers on contract may be brought from China …. 97-100 of the present population are opposed to it [slavery] …. We left the slave states because we did not like to bring up a family in a miserable, can’t-help-one’s-self condition, … as dearly we love the union, we would prefer California independent to seeing her a slave State. Californian
The gallows and the stake await the Abolitionists who shall dare to appear in person among us Charleston Courier
No more slave States and no more slave territory. Salmon P. Chase
It could not, in the opinion of His Majesty's Government, be classified as slavery in the extreme acceptance of the word without some risk of terminological inexactitude. Winston Churchill
Excessive liberty leads both nations and individuals into excessive slavery. Marcus Tulliuis Cicero
Let us declare through the public journals of our country, that the question of Slavery is not and shall not be open to discussion; that the system is too deep-rooted among us, and must remain forever; that the very moment any private individual attempts to lecture us upon its evils and immorality, and the necessity of putting means in operation to secure us from them, in the same moment his tongue shall be cut out and cast upon the dunghill. Columbia Telescope
The cause of human liberty has been advanced by the overthrow of the Mohammedan slave trade in Zanzibar and partially in Egypt, and the property in slaves is being abolished in the Portuguese possessions in southeast Africa, and in the neighboring island of Madagascar William Coppinger
Slaves cannot breathe in England; if their lungs Inhale our air, that moment they are free! They touch our country, and their shackles fall! William Cowper
I speak in the spirit of the British law, which makes liberty commensurate with, and inseparable from, the British soil--which proclaims, even to the stranger and the sojourner, that the ground on which he treads is holy, and consecrated by the genius of universal emancipation. No matter in what language his doom may have been pronounced; no matter what complexion an Indian or an African sun may have burnt upon him; no matter in what disastrous battle his liberty may have been cloven down; no matter with what solemnities he may have been offered upon the altar of Slavery; the first moment he touches the sacred soil of Britain, the altar and the god sink together in the dust--his spirit walks abroad in its own majesty--his body swells beyond the measure of his chains, and he stands redeemed, regenerated and disenthralled, by the irresistible genius of universal emancipation. John Philpot Curran
… the admission, as a state, of California, from which we have been excluded by congressional agitation? Jefferson Davis
Many of the former Slaves are only nominally free, for the servile spirit is still within them. Ivan Derer
This process of Magyarization, of implanting a Hungarian mentality in the Slovaks, was so intense throughout many centuries in former Hungary, and so completely dominated generation after generation, that even the breaking up of Hungary and the liberation of Slovakia has not entirely freed the Slovaks from the moral consequences of the thousand years of subjugation and serfdom. Ivan Derer
In the history of the world, slavery has been and still is the normal condition of most men; all the great accumulations of property have been the result of slavery, and civilization was the result of property…. art, literature, science, architecture, beautiful women, and gentlemen of leisure all depend upon the forced labor of masses of ignorant men whom to make free would be a social crime. Thomas Roderick Dew
When we turn to the New Testament, we find not one single passage at all calculated to disturb the conscience of an honest slaveholder. Thomas Roderick Dew
The institution of slavery in U. S. A. was Christian, and Christianity was slave-holding there. Joseph Dietzgen
The South came to adopt a social philosophy wonderfully like that of Germany …. Inequality became the natural order; slavery was accepted as a blessing from heaven; and masters of plantations became the supermen from whom ideas and good reasoning were confidently expected. William E. Dodd
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death Book of Exodus
It is a gross mistake to suppose that ' abolition' is the cause of dissolution between the north and the south. The Cavaliers, Jacobites, and Huguenots of the south naturally hate, contemn, and despise the Puritans who settled the north. The former are master races, the latter a slave race, the descendants of the Saxon serfs George Fitzhugh
Slavery will everywhere be abolished or everywhere reinstated. George Fitzhugh
Slavery, by separating the mass of the ignorant from each other, and bringing them in contact and daily intercourse with the well-informed, becomes an admirable educational system - no doubt a necessary one. By subjecting them to the constant control and supervision of their superiors, interested in enforcing morality, it becomes the best and most efficient police system George Fitzhugh
The world wants good government and a plenty of it, not liberty. George Fitzhugh
Every slave is a stolen man. William Lloyd Garrison
I will not be a liar, a poltroon, or a hypocrite, to accommodate any party, to gratify any sect, to escape any odium or peril, to save any interest, to preserve any institution, or to promote any object. William Lloyd Garrison
Man above all institutions! William Lloyd Garrison
No man known or suspected to be hostile to "the Compromise Measures, including the Fugitive Slave Law," is allowed to hope for any office under the present Administration. William Lloyd Garrison
Our natural, God-given right of free-speech, though constitutionally recognized as sacred in every part of the country, can be exercised in the slaveholding States only at the peril of our lives. Slavery cannot bear one ray of light, or the slightest criticism. William Lloyd Garrison
The issue [slavery] is clear, explicit, determinate. The parties understand each other, and are drawn in battle array. They can never be reconciled--never walk together--never consent to a truce--never deal in honeyed phrases--never worship at the same altar-never acknowledge the same God. Between them there is an impassable gulf. In manners, in morals, in philosophy, in religion, in ideas of justice, in notions of law, in theories of government, in valuations or men, they are totally dissimilar. William Lloyd Garrison
These are solemn times. It is not a struggle for national salvation; for the nation, as such, seems doomed beyond recovery. The reason why the South rules, and the North falls prostrate in servile terror, is simply this: With the South, the preservation of Slavery is paramount to all other considerations--above party success, denominational unity, pecuniary interest, legal integrity, and constitutional obligation. With the North, the preservation of the Union is placed above all other things--above honor, justice, freedom, integrity of soul, the Decalogue and the Golden Rule--the Infinite God himself. All these she is ready to discard for the Union. William Lloyd Garrison
Whatever may be the guilt of the South, the North is still more responsible for the existence, growth and extension of Slavery. In her hand has been the destiny of the Republic from the beginning. She could have emancipated every slave, long ere this, had she been upright in heart and free in spirit …. the sin .of this nation is not geographical--is not specially Southern--bus deep-seated and universal William Lloyd Garrison
The General Assembly shall have no power to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves Georgia
[There should be a] veracious history of all the atrocities and havoc inflicted on our country by its former masters; it must show all the loathsome hatred felt by the beasts of prey who had had their claws cut and their teeth drawn …. It will convince the good-natured and the soft-hearted that a capitalist is no longer a human being, but a creature in which an insane lust for profit has consumed every vestige of humanity. This history must be a record of all the blood shed by the capitalists for the sole purpose of maintaining their accustomed conditions of life, the comfortable, delightful, thoroughly corrupt life of two-legged beasts fattening themselves on other people's strength. Maxim Gorky; Aleksei Maximovitch Peshkov
Our patriarchal scheme [Southern slavery] awakens the higher and finer feelings of our nature. It is not wanting in its enthusiasm and its poetry. James Henry Hammond
The difference between us is, that our slaves are hired for life and well compensated; there is no starvation, no begging, no want of employment among our people, and not too much employment either. Yours are hired by the day, not care for, and scantily compensated, which may be proved in the most painful manner, at any hour in any street of your large towns James Henry Hammond
The strength of a nation depends in a great measure upon its wealth … James Henry Hammond
These are terrible times. All our young in the Armies, not [any] men left to suppress a Negro insurrection …. As yet I have not sold a lock of Cotton James Henry Hammond
What would happen if no cotton was furnished for three years? …. You dare not make war on cotton. No power on earth dares to make war upon it. Cotton is king. James Henry Hammond
It is as much in the order of nature that men should enslave each other as that animals should prey upon each other. William Harper
Odium has been cast upon our legislation on account of its forbidding the elements of education to be communicated to slaves. But, in truth, what injury is done to them by this? He who works during the day with his hands does not read in the intervals of his leisure for his amusement or the improvement of his mind. If there were any chance of their elevating their rank and condition in society, it might be a matter of hardship that they should be denied those rudiments of knowledge which open the way to further attainments. William Harper
Slavery was forced upon us by the most extremist exigency of circumstances in a struggle for very existence. Without it, it is doubtful whether a white man would now be existing on this continent--certain that, if there were, they would be in a states of the utmost destitution, weakness, and misery. William Harper
The exclusive owners of property ever have been, ever will, and perhaps ever ought to be the virtual rulers of mankind William Harper
It is evident that slavery wrested its prey from the eaters of human flesh, but it has only progressed in regard to cannibalism; whenever it finds itself in the presence of Christianism, and, above all, of human reason, it must abdicate under penalty of becoming monstrous.--The persistency of the Southern States in slavery is the greatest moral deformity of the nineteenth century Victor Hugo
There is not a respectable system of civilization known to history whose foundations were not laid in the institution of domestic slavery. Robert M. T. Hunter
African slavery is the corner-stone of the industrial, social, and political fabric of the South; and whatever wars against it, wars against her very existence. Strike down the institution of African slavery and you reduce the South to depopulation and barbarism. Lawrence Massillon Keitt
America, which up to the arrival of the Europeans had but one cereal, maize, and but one domestic animal for labor, the llama, and we can rejoice that the Europeans imported with themselves and their tools the ox, the ass and the horse, corn, cotton, sugarcane, coffee and finally the vine and the orange tree, creating there a new world of that glorious society which produces merchandise and which with an extraordinary swiftness of movement has already traversed the two phases of the blackest slavery and the most democratic wage system. Antonio Labriola
Slavery has perished amid the war flames, and the mirage of the Confederacy has vanished, never again to return. Romulus Whitaker Zachariah Linney
The weapons of reason and argument are insufficient to put down discussion; we can therefore hear no argument upon the subject, for our opinions are unalterably fixed. Slave States will provide for their own protection, and those who speak against Slavery will do well to keep out of their bounds, or they will punish them. Joseph Henry Lumpkin
We of the South are emphatically surrounded by a dangerous class of beings--degraded, stupid savages--who, if they could but once entertain the idea that immediate and unconditional death would not be their portion, would re-enact the St. Domingo tragedy. But the consciousness, with all their stupidity, that a tenfold force, superior in discipline, if not in barbarity, would gather from the four corners of the United States and slaughter them, keeps them in subjection. But, to the non-slaveholding States, particularly, we are indebted for a permanent safeguard against insurrection. Without their assistance, the white population of the South would be too weak to quiet that insane desire for liberty which is ever ready to act itself out with every rational creature Marysville Tennessee Intelligencer
All contracts, not in opposition to the laws of the State, that have been entered into in foreign countries, between emigrants who come to settle in this State, or between the inhabitants thereof, and the servants and day laborers or workingmen whom they introduce, are hereby guaranteed to be valid in said State Mexico
From and after the promulgation of the Constitution in the capital of each district, no one shall be born a slave in the state, and after six months the introduction of slaves under any pretext shall not be permitted. Mexico
The sovereign general Constituent Congress of the United Mexican States has been pleased to decree the following: 1. Commerce and traffic in slaves, proceeding from any country and under any flag whatsoever, is forever prohibited in the territory of the United Mexican States. 2. Slaves that are introduced contrary to the tenor of the above … are free in virtue of the mere act of treading Mexican territory Mexico
There shall not be permitted, after the promulgation of this law, either purchase or sale of slaves that may be introduced into the empire. The children of such slaves, who are born within the empire, shall be free at fourteen years of age. Mexico
Abolition editors in slave States will not dare to avow their opinions. It would be instant death to them Missouri Argus
It having come to the knowledge of the Commander in Chief of the District that certain persons have been and still are imprisoning and holding to service Indians against their will and without any legal contract for service. It is thereby ordered that all persons so holding or detaining Indians shall release them, and permit them to return to their own homes. John Montgomery
To think that man, thou just and loving God! Should stand before thee with a tyrant's rod, O'er creatures like himself, with souls from Thee, Yet dare to boast of perfect liberty! Away! away! I'd rather hold my neck By doubtful tenure from a Sultan's beck, In climes where liberty has scarce been nam'd, Nor any right but that of ruling claim'd, Than thus to live where boasted Freedom waves Her fustian flag in mockery over slaves! Thomas Moore
All slaves that shall enter our kingdom, by land or by sea, shall be free; and further order, that every one born a slave in our dominions shall be considered as free from the very instant of his birth, and that he shall neither be sold nor bought Musheer Ahmed Bashaw Bey
We can assure those, one and all, who have embarked in the nefarious scheme of abolishing Slavery at the South, that lashes will hereafter be spared the backs of their emissaries. Let them send out their men to Louisiana; they will never return to tell their suffering, but they shall expiate the crime of interfering in our domestic institutions, by being burned at the stake. New Orleans True American
I am an Abolitionist. I am for speedy, immediate Abolition. I care not what caste, creed or color, slavery may assume. Whether it be personal or political, mental or corporeal, intellectual or spiritual, I am for its instant, its total Abolition Daniel O'Connell
Ireland and Irishmen should be foremost in seeking to effect the emancipation of mankind. The Americans alleged that they had not perpetrated the crime, but inherited it from England. This, however, fact as it was, was still a paltry apology for America, who, asserting liberty for herself, still used the brand and the lash against others Daniel O'Connell
Liberty in America means the power to flog slaves, and to work them for nothing. Daniel O'Connell
Shortly there will not be a slave in the British colonies. Five lines in an Act of Parliament, the other night, liberated nearly 500,000 slaves in the East Indies, at a single blow. The West Indians will be obliged to grant emancipation, in spite of the paltry attempts to prevent it; and we will then turn to America, and to every part of Europe, and require emancipation Daniel O'Connell
We are responsible for what we do, and also for the influence of our example. Daniel O'Connell
We have read with the deepest affliction, not unmixed with some surprise and much indignation, your detailed and anxious vindication of the most hideous crime that has ever stained humanity--the slavery of men of color in the United States of America. We are lost in utter amazement at the perversion of mind and depravity of heart which your address evinces. How can the generous, the charitable, the humane, the noble emotions of the Irish heart have become extinct amongst you? How can your nature be so totally changed as that you should become the apologists and advocates of that execrable system …. It was not in Ireland you learned this cruelty. Your mothers were gentle, kind, and humane. Their bosoms overflowed with the honey of human charity. Your sisters are, probably, many of them, still amongst us, and participate in all that is good and benevolent in sentiment and action. How, then, can you have become so depraved? How can your souls have become stained with a darkness blacker than the negro's skin? Daniel O'Connell
The history of our Union is lesson enough, for every candid mind, of the fatal effects of every, the least, compromise with evil. The experience of the fifty years passed under it, shows us the slaves trebling in numbers;--slaveholders monopolizing the offices and dictating the policy of the Government;--prostituting the strength and influence of the Nation to the support of slavery here and elsewhere;--trampling on the rights of the free States, and making the courts of the country their tools. To continue this disastrous alliance longer is madness. The trial of fifty years only proves that it is impossible for free and slave States to unite on any terms, without all becoming partners in the guilt and responsible for the sin of slavery. Why prolong the experiment? Wendell Phillips
Democratic liberty exists solely because we have slaves . . . freedom is not possible without slavery Richmond Enquirer
I protest against the fitness and truth of the usually received definitions and applications of "slave labor" and "free labor"--and, in contradiction thereto, maintain that, in proportion to the respective populations, there are many more slaves in England, and in very much more suffering and painful conditions, than in all the negro slaveholding States of this Confederation. Edmund Ruffin
Hitherto, this tyranny of slaveholders over non-slaveholding citizens has been mainly confined to slaveholding communities. But Slavery has of late arrogantly claimed to be national. Congress is sanctioning the usurpation, and the Federal Courts and even State Courts are boldly enforcing it. In violation of the Constitution, Congress compels the non-slaveholders in the free States to capture and deliver the fugitive slave. Congress at its last session was on the eve of subverting the original, honored jurisdiction of State Courts over Federal officers William H. Seward
Spaniards planted slave States in America; England planted not only slave States, but free ones. Spain planted twice as many as England, and cultivated them with more assiduous and maternal care. The Anglo-American free States are all of them strong and vigorous, and already over-shadow the Continent. Europe regards them with respect and admiration. There is not one Spanish American State that is truly self-subsisting and independent. William H. Seward
The people of Pullman are destitute and starving. Over five thousand human beings are in dire necessity, and appeal to the liberal minded people of Chicago for help. Their unfortunate condition is due to no fault of theirs. They have been noted for their thrift, sobriety, and industry. The fault lies in the hard times and a hard taskmaster. . . . They have struck against a slavery worse than that of the negroes of the South. They, at least, were well fed and well cared for, while the white slaves of Pullman, worked they ever so willingly, could not earn enough to clothe and feed themselves decently--hardly enough to keep body and soul together. Now that they have struck for a living wage, they find themselves penniless, with gaunt famine and despair staring them in the face. . . . Help them as you wished to be helped in the hour of affiliation. Their cause is the cause of humanity. Their struggle is the struggle of honest industry against corporate greed William Thomas Stead
The character of Slavery is not to be discussed. We have an indubitable right to demand of the Free States to suppress such discussion, totally and promptly. David L. Swain
Is not the meager, thin, long, chop-fallen, half-starved savage, as you find him a prisoner of war in negro land, a barbarian, compared to the happy, contented, well developed, strong, hearty, well clothed, well fed, negro slave in his Christianized state of American Slavery? George Francis Train
Slavery to the Negro is a stepping-stone from African barbarism to Christian civilization George Francis Train
To dissolve the Union, and separate the different States composing the confederacy, making the Ohio River and the Mason and Dixon's line the boundary line, Slavery would be done in Kentucky….If the Union was dissolved into two parts, the slave would cross the line, and then turn round and curse the master from the other shore. Joseph Rogers Underwood
The triumphs of Christianity rest this very hour upon slavery; and slavery depends on the triumphs of the South . . . John T. Wightman
… a discouragement to white men of that business Anonymous
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be instructed to report a bill with the least practicable delay, to take into the military service of the Confederate States a number of negro soldiers, not to exceed two hundred thousand, by voluntary enlistment, with the consent of their owners, or by conscription, as may be found necessary; and that the committee provide in said bill for the emancipation of said negroes in all cases where they prove loyal and true to the end of the war, and for the immediate payment, under proper restrictions, of their full present value to their owners. Anonymous
For a parcel of men, with long heads, to sit down in England, and frame laws for us, and pretend to dictate how we are to live, of whom they know nothing, never having been in a black man’s country during the whole course of their lives, is to me somewhat extraordinary! Adahoonzou II
God made war for all the world; and every kingdom, large or small, has practiced it, more or less, though perhaps in a manner unlike, and upon different principles. Did Weebaigah sell slaves? No; his prisoners were all killed to a man. What else could he have done with them? Was he to let them remain in this country to cut the throats of his subjects? This would have been wretched policy indeed; which, had it been adopted, the Dahoman name would have long ago been extinguished, instead of becoming as it is at this day, the terror of surrounding nations. Adahoonzou II
If you want no more slaves from us, why cannot you be ingenious and tell the plain truth; saying that the slaves you have already purchased are sufficient for the country for which you bought them; or that the artists who used to make fine things, are all dead, without having taught anybody to make more? Adahoonzou II
There is … a remarkable difference between the countries which we inhabit. You, Englishmen, … are surrounded by the ocean, and by this situation seem intended to hold communication with the whole world, which you do, by means of your ships; whilst we Dahomans, being placed on a large continent, and hemmed in amidst a variety of other people, of the same complexion, but speaking different languages, are obliged by the sharpness of our swords, to defend ourselves from their incursions, and punish the depredations they make on us. Such conduct in them is productive of incessant wars. Your countrymen, therefore, who allege that we go to war for the purpose of supplying your ships with slaves, are grossly mistaken. Adahoonzou II
What hurts me most is, that some of your people have maliciously misrepresented us in books, which never die; alleging that we sell our wives and children for the sake of procuring a few kegs of brandy. No! We are shamefully belied, and I hope you will contradict, from my mouth, the scandalous stories that have been propagated; and tell posterity that we have been abused. We do, indeed, sell to the white men a part of our prisoners, and we have a right to do so. Are not all prisoners at the disposal of their captors? and are we to blame, if we send delinquents to a far country? I have been told you do the same. Adahoonzou II
You have seen me kill many men at the customs; and you have often observed delinquents at Grigwhee, and others of my provinces tied, and sent up to me. I kill them, but do I ever insist on being paid for them? Some heads I order to be placed at my door, others to be strewed about the market place, that the people may stumble upon them, when they little expect such a sight. This gives a grandeur to my customs, far beyond the display of fine things which I buy; this makes my enemies fear me, and gives me such a name in the Bush. Besides, if I neglect this indispensable duty, would my ancestors suffer me to live? Adahoonzou II
This king [of Timbuktu] makes war only upon neighboring enemies and upon those who do not want to pay him tribute. When he has gained a victory, he has all of them--even the children--sold in the market at Timbuktu Leo Africanus; Johannis Leo de Medici
The Sultan of Kilwa [in Tanzania] was called 'the generous' on account of the multitude of his gifts and acts of generosity. He used to engage frequently in expeditions to the land of the Zinj people raiding them and taking booty--slaves and other wealth... He is a man of great humility; he sits with poor brethren, eats with them, and greatly respects men of religion and noble descent Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta
The best endeavors in our power to draw the notice of the governments, upon the grievous iniquity and great danger attendant on a further prosecution of the slave trade, is what every truly sympathizing mind cannot but earnestly desire, and under divine direction promote to the utmost of their power Anthony Benezet
There is a necessity of instant re-enforcement for your army…. Those slaves only who might volunteer to fight for their freedom, should be at once sent to the trenches….Opponents claimed that this would disband the army by reason of the violent aversion of the troops to have negroes in the field with them …. If we could get from the army an expression of its desire to be re-enforced by such negroes as for the boon of freedom will volunteer to go to the front, the measure will pass without further delay, and we may yet be able to give you such a force as will enable you to assume the offensive. Judah P. Benjamin
We, too, are Americans.. On us, as well as on them [the United States], lies the duty of preserving the honor of the continent. On us, as on them, rests the noble trust of shielding free institutions. George S. Brown
The object shall be to aid in the extinction of slavery all over the world by means exclusively lawful and peaceable, moral and religious, such as by the diffusing of useful information and argument, by tracts, newspapers, lectures and correspondence, and by manifesting sympathy with the houseless and homeless victims of slavery flying to our soil Canadian Anti-Slavery Society
No person can make use of the Indians by way of Naboria or Tapia or in any other manner against their will. As We have ordered provision to be made that from henceforward the Indians in no way be made slaves, including those who until now have been enslaved against all reason and right and contrary to the provisions and instructions thereupon Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
No Inhabitant of Charlestown shall be permitted to keep more than two male Slaves, to work out for Hire, as Porters, Laborers, Fishermen or Handicraftsman. South Carolina Charlestown
Send out of our state, never again to return, all free persons of color They form a third class in our society, enjoying more privileges than the slaves, and yet possessing few of the rights of the master; a class of persons having and exercising the right of moving unrestrained over every part of the state; of acquiring property, of amassing wealth to an unlimited extent, of procuring information on every subject, and of uniting themselves in associations or societies—yet, still a class, deprived of all political rights, subjected equally with the slaves to the police regulations for persons of color …. Restraints are always irksome The free persons of color must be discontented with their situation. The hopes of the free negroes will increase with their numbers South Carolina Charlestown
I know that there is a visionary dogma which holds that negro slaves cannot be the subject of property. I shall not dwell on the speculative abstraction. That IS property which the law declares TO BE property. Two hundred years of legislation have sanctified and sanctioned negro slaves as property. Henry Clay
Nowhere, in the farming portion of the United States, would slave labor be generally employed, if the proprietor were not tempted to raise slaves, by the high price of the Southern market which keeps it up in his own. Henry Clay
The moment that the incontestable fact is admitted, that the slaves are property, the law of movable property irresistibly attaches itself to them, and secures the right of carrying them from one State to another. Henry Clay
The third impediment to immediate abolition [of slavery] is to be found in the immense amount of capital which is invested in slave property. The total value of slave property then, by estimate, is twelve hundred millions of dollars. And now it is rashly proposed, by a single fiat of legislation, to annihilate this immense amount of property! To annihilate it without indemnity, and without compensation to the owners. Henry Clay
There is a moral fitness in the idea of returning to Africa her children, whose ancestors have been torn from her by the ruthless hand of fraud and violence Henry Clay
We are credibly informed that a natural son of Jefferson by the celebrated ‘Black Sal,’ a person of no little renown in the politics of 1800 and thereafter, is now living in a central county of Ohio. We shall endeavor to get at the truth of the matter and make public the result of our inquiries. Cleveland American
Increase of slaves in this colony is injurious to the poor and inconvenient Connecticut
Liberty is given to every effective slave to enter into the service during the war; and upon his passing muster he is absolutely made free, and entitled to all the wages, bounties, and encouragements given by Congress to any soldier enlisting into their service. The number of slaves is not great but it is generally thought that three hundred and upwards will be enlisted. Nicholas Cooke
That we shall regard with deep regret the continuance of the excitement at the South, as far as it may be occasioned by the apprehension of danger from the exertions of a few misguided abolitionists in our community Edward Curtis
It is well known that this was one of the most delicate questions involved in the formation of the Constitution. Like every other of the same difficult character, it was disposed of in the general compromise of interests, which were the subject of deliberation and adjustment, and it is not too much to say, that the Union could never have been formed if the right of interference with this question, on the part of the General Government, had been insisted on. John Adams Dix
… the settlement and moral improvement of the colored population of Canada, for the purpose of purchasing crown or clergy reserve lands in the township of Raleigh and settling the same with colored families resident in Canada of approved moral character Elgin Association
I have no hesitation in believing that less than twenty years ago a man would have been mobbed and the printing office torn down for printing and publishing anything like ‘The Emancipator,’ whereas it now meets the approbation of thousands, and is patronized perhaps at least equal to any other in the state. But little by little, times are, much changed here, until societies, of respectable citizens have arisen to plead the cause of abolition; and instead of it being a disgrace to a man to be a member of these societies, it is rather a mark of the goodness of his heart, and redounds to his honor. Elihu Embree
It would be offering an indignity to the understanding of your honorable body, to offer to prove that the laws which first sanctioned slavery were passed in a dark and barbarous age: and that were they yet to be passed, there is not a civilized legislature now upon the earth that would do it; but would humbly ask, Are these the only laws which the representative of a free and enlightened republic can not modify or repeal? Or are they to stand as lasting monuments of depravity? Elihu Embree
When the blood of our citizens, shed by a British soldiery, had stained our streets, and flowed upon the heights which surround us, and sunk into the earth upon the plains of Lexington and Concord, then when he, whose name can never be pronounced by American lips without the strongest emotion of gratitude and love to every American heart--when he, that slaveholder, who from this canvass smiles upon you, his children, with paternal benignity, came with other slaveholders to drive the British myrmidons from this city, and in this hall, our fathers did not refuse to hold communion with them. "With slaveholders they formed the Confederation, neither asking nor receiving any right to interfere in their domestic relations; with them they made the Declaration of Independence Richard Fletcher
… the father of all us Abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison
This evening (January 11th) our whole mess remained in the dining room after tea, and conversed upon the subject of Mr. Lincoln’s bill to abolish slavery. It was approved by all; I believe it as good bill as we could get at this time, and am willing to pay for slaves to save them from the southern market, as I suppose every man in the District would sell his slaves if he saw that slavery was to be abolished. Joshua Reed Giddings
The undersigned would respectfully inform the citizens of Ouachita and adjacent parishes, that he has a fine pack of Dogs for catching negroes. Persons wishing negroes caught will do well to give him a call…Five dollars per day M. C. Goff
Colonel Laurens … is on his way to South Carolina, on a project which I think, in the present situation of affairs there, is a very good one, and deserves every kind of support and encouragement. This is, to raise two, three, or four battalions of negroes, with the assistance of the government of that State, by contributions from the owners, in proportion to the number they possess …. I have not the least doubt, that the negroes will make very excellent soldiers with proper management: and I will venture to pronounce, that they cannot be put in better hands than those of Mr. Laurens. Alexander Hamilton
A slave who shall aid and abet the slave so endeavoring to entice another slave to run away shall also suffer death. Maryland
Any person or persons whatsoever, traveling beyond the limits of the county wherein they reside, shall have “a pass under the seal of said county Maryland
Forasmuch as divers freeborn English women, forgetful of their free condition, and to the disgrace of our nation, do intermarry with negro slaves …. all the issues of such free-born women, so married, shall be slaves as their fathers were Maryland
If any negro or other slaves, absenting themselves from their master’s service, running out into the woods and there remaining, killing and destroying hogs and cattle belonging to the people of this province, shall refuse to surrender themselves, and make resistance against such persons as pursue to apprehend and take them up, being thereunto legally empowered, it shall be lawful for such pursuers, when such resistance is made, to shoot, kill, and destroy such negroes or other slaves. Maryland
Resolved, That is the opinion of this Committee, as the contest now between Great Britain and the Colonies respects the liberties and privileges of the latter, which the Colonies are determined to maintain that the admission of any persons, as soldiers, into the army now raising, but only such as are freemen, will be inconsistent with the principles that are to be supported, and reflect dishonor on this Colony, and that no slaves be admitted into this army upon any consideration whatever. Massachusetts Committee of Safety
Slavery made the Negro as dependent upon the intelligence and foresight of his master as a soldier upon the will of his commander Kelly Miller
Force sometimes does change things. I see not reason to believe that slavery in America would not have continued to the present day if it did not meet a violent end. Edmund Morgan (historian)
It is something singular that the colored race—those in reality most interested in the future destinies of Africa—should be so lightly affected by the evidences continually being presented in favor of colonization National Intelligencer
Any person may lawfully kill a slave who has been outlawed for running away and lurking in swamps North Carolina
No black or mulatto person shall be permitted to settle or reside in this state, unless he or she shall first produce a fair certificate from some court within the United States, of his or her actual freedom. Ohio
A merchant that loads his vessel in the West Indies with the proceeds of slavery does nearly as much at helping forward the slave trade as he that loads his vessel in Africa with slaves. They are both twisting the rope at different ends. It is paradoxical that a man will refuse to buy a stolen sheep, or eat a piece of one that is stolen and should not have the same scruples respecting a stolen man Charles Osborn
It is fast approaching when the United States shall no longer be stained with this foul pollution of slavery. Charles Osborn
The editor has great doubts of the justice of the plans proposed. It appears to him calculated to rivet closer the chains that already gall the sons of Africa and to insure to the miserable objects of American cruelty a perpetuity of bondage Charles Osborn
Far from encouraging the importation of slaves, and countenancing that vile traffic in human flesh; the members of the late continental convention should have seized the happy opportunity of prohibiting for ever this cruel species of reprobated villainy.—That they did not do so, will for ever diminish the luster of their other proceedings, so highly extolled, and so justly distinguished for their intrinsic value Othello
Might not the inhabitants of Africa, with still greater justice on their side, than we have on ours, cross the Atlantic, seize our citizens, carry them into Africa, and make slaves of them, provided they were able to do it? But should this be really the case, every corner of the globe would reverberate with the sound of African oppression; so loud would be our complaint, and so “feeling our appeal” to the inhabitants of the world at large. We should represent them as a lawless, piratical set of unprincipled robbers, plunderers and villains, who basely prostituted the superior power and information, which God had given them for worthy purposes to the vilest of all ends. We should not hesitate to say that they made use of those advantages only to infringe upon every dictate of justice; to trample under foot every suggestion of principle, and to spurn, with contempt, every right of humanity. Othello
To what cause are we to impute this frigid silence—this torpid indifference—this cold inanimated conduct of the otherwise warm and generous Americans? Why do they remain inactive, amidst the groans of injured humanity, the shrill and distressing complaints of expiring justice and the keen remorse of polluted integrity?—Why do they not rise up to assert the cause of God and the world, to drive the fiend injustice into remote and distant regions, and to exterminate oppression from the face of the fair fields of America? Othello
Another clause in the Constitution is a contract on the part of the non-slaveholding States to seize and restore runaway slaves--but why restore when you have taught the slave that he has a right to freedom? Harrison G. Otis
… tumultuous meetings and other disorderly doings of the negroes, mulattoes and Indian servants and slaves within the city Philadelphia
In my boyhood a majority of the people of East Tennessee [where he was born] were abolitionists …. It was safer to make an anti-slavery speech in the South than it became during the thirties [1830’s] to make the same speech in the North. John Rankin
For Our Country Rhode Island Negro Regiment
History affords us frequent precedents of the wisest, freest and bravest nations having liberated their slaves and enlisted them as soldiers to fight in defense of their country Rhode Island
Christians, even in enlightened and gospelized lands, may be blind to the great wickedness of certain customs and institutions Gerrit Smith
Criminality is not always obvious, in proportion to its extent. The sin of the traffic in intoxicating liquors, was, until the last few years almost universally unfelt and unperceived. But now, we meet with men, who, though it was “in all good conscience,” that they were once engaged in it, would not resume it for worlds; and who see more criminality, in taking money from a fellow man, in exchange for the liquor which intoxicates him, than in simple theft. Gerrit Smith
Do Southern masters accord religious privileges and impart religious instruction equally to their slaves and their children? Your laws, which visit with stripes [whipping], imprisonment, and death, the attempt to teach slaves to read the Bible, show but too certainly, that the Southern master, who should undertake to place "his children and his household” on the same level, in respect to their religious advantages, as it is probable that Abraham did (Gen. 18: 19), would soon find himself in the midst of enemies, not to his reputation only, but to his life also. Gerrit Smith
Will the American People Never Cease to Oppress and Torture the Helpless poor? Gerrit Smith
If slavery be a sin, and advertising and apprehending slaves with a view to restore them to their masters, is a direct violation of the divine law, and if the BUYING, SELLING, and holding a slave, FOR THE SAKE OF GAIN, is a heinous sin and scandal, then verily, THREE FOURTHS of all the Episcopalians, Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians, in eleven States of this Union, are of the devil. They hold, if they do not buy and sell slaves, and (with few exceptions) they hesitate not to apprehend and restore runaway slaves, when in their power. James Smylie
The number of negroes do extremely increase in this Province, and through the afflicting providence of God, the whites do not proportionably multiply, by reason whereof, the safety of the said province is greatly endangered South Carolina
Whereas, the plantations and estates of this Province cannot be well and sufficiently managed and brought into use without the labor and service of negroes and other slaves … South Carolina
Resolved, that our duty to the country, and our Southern brethren in particular, render it improper and inexpedient to agitate a question pregnant with peril and difficulty to the common weal. Resolved, That we take this opportunity to express to our Southern brethren our fixed and unalterable determination to resist every attempt that may be made to interfere with the relations in which master and slave now stand, or guarantied to them by the Constitution of the United States F. A. Tallmadge
What booty you take or prisoners, whether men, women or children, you may send to Seabrook fort, to be kept and improved for the advantage of the colonies United Colonies of New England
From and after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and eight, it shall not be lawful to import or bring into the United States or the territories thereof from any foreign kingdom, place, or country, any negro, mulatto, or person of color, with intent to hold, sell, or dispose of such negro, mulatto, or person of color, as a slave, or to be held to service or labor. United States
The Government, while it most sedulously and rigorously guards against the further introduction of slave, protects at the same time, by remarkable laws, the rights of the owners of that species of property in the States where it exist, and permits it transfer from one of these States to another Martin Van Buren
An Act Declaring The Negro, Mulatto, And Indian Slaves Within This Dominion, To Be Real Estate … Ginni Rometty
Any negro or mulatto, bond or free, shall be a good witness in pleas of the Commonwealth, for or against negroes or mulattoes, bond or free, or in civil pleas where free negroes or mulattoes shall alone be parties, and in no other cases whatever Ginni Rometty
No negro or Indian though baptized and enjoyned their own freedome shall be capable of any purchase of Christians but yet not debarred from buying any of their owne nation Ginni Rometty
The United States slave laws are at open variance with the best interests of man, as endowed by our great creator with the privilege of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Michael Willis
The right of petition belongs to the people of the United States. Slaves are not people in the eye of the law. They have no legal personality Henry Alexander Wise
White men ashamed of the planters who [sexually] abused helpless black women [slaves] are now trying to minimize the prevalence of this custom. Such an effort, however, means little in the face of the facts that one seventh of the Negroes in the United States had in their veins any amount of Caucasian blood in 1860 and according to the last census more than one fifth of them have this infusion Carter G. Woodson
Slaves have no protection. In this, as I doubt not in every other island, there are laws for the protection of the slaves, and good ones, but circumstances in the administration of whatever law, render it a dead letter. When the intervention of the law is most required, it will have the least effect; as, in most cases, where a vindictive and cruel master has care to commit the most atrocious cruelties, even to murder his slave, there is no free person present to witness the act William Young
Barjawan was my slave and I employed him. He acted in good faith, and I treated him favourably. Then he misbehaved, so I killed him. Al-Hakim; Al-Mansur Abu Ali
If the Church of England had been the established and general religion and all the northern colonies as it has been among us here and uninterrupted tranquility had prevailed throughout the continent, it is clear to me that slavery and subjection might and would have been gradually insulated among us. Union of religious sentiments begets a surprising confidence and ecclesiastical establishments tend to grate ignorance and corruption all of which facilitate the execution of mischievous projects James Madison
If a free negro in North Carolina attempt to teach a slave to read, or if he give to a slave a religious tract, a spelling book or the bible, he may be imprisoned or take thirty-nine lashes! North Carolina
I had ordered an efficient military force to take a position between the Nueces and the Del Norte. This had become necessary to meet a threatened invasion of Texas by the Mexican forces, for which extensive military preparations had been made. The invasion was threatened solely because Texas had determined, in accordance with a solemn resolution of the Congress of the United States, to annex herself to our Union, and under these circumstances it was plainly our duty to extend our protection over her citizens and soil. James K. Polk
We love our native country, much as it has wronged us; and in the peaceable exercise of our inalienable rights, we will cling to it Robert Purvis
The grievances of which we complain, be assured, sir, are not imaginary, but real—not local, but universal—not occasional, but continual, everyday matter-of-fact things and have become, to the disgrace of our common country, matters of history. Charles Lenox Remond
Slaves are bound by their love of justice to RISE AT ONCE, en masse, and THROW OFF THEIR FETTERS Charles Lenox Remond
The time has gone by for colored people to talk of patriotism: . . . He used to be proud that his grandfather … fought for liberty in the Revolutionary War. But that time had passed by. Charles Lenox Remond
Among the most oppressive measures, and the ones most deeply harming society, is the compelling of subjects to perform forced work unjustly. Ibn Khaldun
We have just carried an election on principles fairly stated to the people. Now we are told in advance, the government shall be broken up, unless we surrender to those we have beaten, before we take the offices. Abraham Lincoln
I am yet unprepared to give up the Union for a peace which, so achieved, could not be of much duration.-- Abraham Lincoln
In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free … Abraham Lincoln
Make common cause with the South and refuse to allow passage of Union troops through the city. Fernando Wood
I hold no views which any conservative citizen might not entertain on slaves is against humanity, unjust, and impolitic. E. D. Smith
It is a remarkable fact that the slave-traders in this city have matured their arrangements so thoroughly that they almost invariably manage to elude the meshes of the law. Now they bribe a jury, another time their counsel or agents spirit away a vital witness...The Government is determined to break up the African slave-trade, and it will accompllish it. To effect this it will be necessary to purge the Courts and offices of these pimps of piracy. New York Tribune
Capt. Gordon is as responsible for the death of those on the Erie. As if he had taken the life of each by his own hand. For once, when no doubt exists as to guilt, a terrible example should be made. New York Times
I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and uncompromising opponent of every attempt on the part of Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia against the wishes of the slaveholding States, and also with a determination equally decided to resist the slightest interference with it in the States where it exists Martin Van Buren
Petition, also, ye goodly inhabitants of the slave states, your legislators to abolish slavery by the year 1850, or now, and save the abolitionist from reproach and ruin, infamy and shame. Pray Congress to pay every man a reasonable price for his slaves out of the surplus revenue arising from the sale of public lands, and from the deduction of pay from the members of Congress. Break off the shackles from the poor black man, and hire him to labor like other human beings; for an hour of virtuous liberty on earth, is worth a whole eternity of bondage! Joseph Smith, Jr.
We have been informed that thou hast forbidden the trading in slaves... This, verily, is what God hath enjoined in this wondrous Revelation. God hath, truly, destined a reward for thee, because of this. He, verily, will pay the doer of good, whether man or woman, his due recompense Bahaullah; Husayn Ali Nuri
Would you rather lead an army of slaves? Milton Friedman
The conquering army burnt villages, devastated the land, plundered people’s wealth, took Brahmins and children and women of all classes captive, flogged with thongs of raw hide, carried a moving prison with it, and converted the prisoners into obsequious slaves. Padmanabha
The kind of hope I grew up with is missing in today's ghetto youth because of a breakdown in family life. It has its roots in slavery when often the father of the family was uprooted and sold down the river. The son would grow up and get married and, when he was unable to get a job because there were not jobs for a black man, he would get embarrassed that he could not support his family and walk out thinking, "my mother did it alone and my wife is no better." Well, that went on generation after generation, and it's no better today. There still are no jobs and welfare encourages the man to leave the family. One of the greatest problems facing the country is how to reconcile the young ghetto dweller with the rest of America. We have a large problem of ignorance, lack of opportunity, and divided families. I worry about how we are going to solve it. It's not just trying to persuade people to be nice and understanding. I've been as angry as anyone else. But most people define the end of anger as when you become well-off. I think as we resolve the breakdown of the black family, caused by slavery and continued by welfare, the problem will come closer to its solution Percy Julian
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued 90 years ago. I believe in gradualism. But 90 years is gradual enough. Thurgood Marshall
Nobody wants to get over the legacy of slavery more than Black people do. Saidiya Hartman
And in the general hardening of outlook that set in ... practices which had been long abandoned - imprisonment without trial, the use of war prisoners as slaves, public executions, torture to extract confessions ... and the deportation of whole populations -- not only became common again, but were tolerated and even defended by people who considered themselves enlightened and progressive George Orwell Blair
The terms were that the war was not to be ended until the South is crushed, slavery was abolished and Lincoln was reelected Alfred Pleasonton
A free race cannot be born of slave mothers. A woman enchained cannot choose but give a measure of that bondage to her sons and daughters. No woman can call herself free who does not own and control her body. No woman can call herself free until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother. Margaret Sanger
Shall we open the door to what may become the foulest proscription: state against state? Hezekiah Niles
There is no doubt as to the right of Congress to prohibit ... slaves in the territories, but also we would adhere to the bond of union at almost any sacrifice. Hezekiah Niles
I begin to despair of the republic and look to a thing which I always shrink from, as an event that cannot be avoided. The thought is dreadful. Hezekiah Niles
Slavery ended a long time ago, but the institution of chattel slavery and the ideology of racial subordination that accompanied it have cast a long shadow. I speak here of the history of lynching throughout the country; the racially biased policing and judging in the South under Jim Crow and in the cities of the Northeast, Midwest, and West to which blacks migrated after the First and Second World Wars; and the history of racial apartheid that ended only as a matter of law with the civil-rights movement. It should come as no surprise that in the post–civil rights era, race, far from being peripheral, has been central to the evolution of American social policy. Glenn C. Loury
There is a distinctive African American culture that has roots in Africa and evolved on American soil. Stephen Steinberg
Africans in the diaspora were constantly being reminded of Africa by their European masters who tried to impress upon them that Africa was primitive. Repudiating this thinly veiled justification of slavery required diaspora intellectuals to focus on Africa and demonstrate that it had made major contributions to world civilization. Consciousness of Africa was also sustained by the continuous flow of people, ideas, values, visions, practices, and expressive culture from Africa to the Americas and vice-versa. Paul Tiyambe Zeleza
Those of you who believe that the nigger is your equal and ought to be on the same plane as the white have a perfect right to believe that and vote for Mr. Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln
You cannot limit this country by boundary lines. Stephen Douglas
I agree with Judge Douglas he is not my equal in many respects-certainly not in color, perhaps not in moral or intellectual endowment. But in the right to eat the bread, without the leave of anybody else, which his own hand earns, he is my equal and the equal of Judge Douglas, and the equal of every living man. Abraham Lincoln
Let us discard all this quibbling about this man and the other man---this race and that race--- and the other race being inferior, and therefore they must be placed in an inferior position, discarding our standard that we have left us. Let us discard all these things, and unite as one people throughout this land, until we shall once more stand up declaring that all men are created equal. Abraham Lincoln
Sweep from the nation’s capitol that foul blot upon our nation. Henry Clay
I would be exceedingly glad to see that there never be another slave state admitted to the Union…. I should be exceedingly glad to see slavery abolished in the District of Columbia. Abraham Lincoln
I do not now or ever did stand pledged for unconditional repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law…I did not ever nor do I now stand pledged against the entry of any slave state into the union…. I do not stand pledged to the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia…. Abraham Lincoln
Any white person who shall assemble with slaves, or free negroes . . . for the purpose of instructing them to read or write, . . .shall be punished by confinement in the jail . . . and by fine . . Ginni Rometty
A city in which the nobles obtain their desire, is nothing else but a company of masters and slaves ordered to the satisfaction of the avarice and dishonest wishes of the ruling class. Donato Giannotti
To live under a tyranny is to live without high thought, a life worse than the animals, for what is tyranny but a government framed with the express object of making men so base and vile that they do not know whether they are awake or asleep in the world? Donato Giannotti
Massachusetts can not thrive until we get in a stock of slaves sufficient to do all our business. Emanuel Downing
Direct your attention to the introduction of white immigrants on account of the large increase of negroes who are beginning to exhibit a malicious disposition. Robert Gibbes
Is it not rather our duty to make labor more respectable by preventing all black competition, especially in the territories…. Negro equality will be abundant, as every white laborer will have occasion to regret when he is elbowed from his plow or his anvil by slave niggers. Abraham Lincoln
How about this? Stop arresting prostitutes, and start using the 13th amendment against pimps. Catharine MacKinnon
Why should not insolvent Thieves be rather punished with slavery then death? so as being slaves they may be forced to as much labour, and as cheap fare, as nature will endure, and thereby become as two men added to the Commonwealth, and not as one taken away from it; William Petty
No slave in this State shall be emancipated by any act done to take effect in this State, or any other country Alabama
The Free States have a majority of 44 in that House. Under the new census, they would have 53. The cause of the slaveholding States is getting weaker and weaker, and what are we to do? What would the South have to rely on, if the Union were dissolved? Suppose the dissolution could be peaceably … what had the South to depend upon? All the crowned heads [of Europe] were against her. A million of slaves are ready to rise and strike for freedom at the first tap of the drum. If the South is cut loose from their friends at the North … whither are they to look for protection? How are they to sustain an assault from England or France, with the cancer at their vitals? The more the South reflected, the more clearly she must see that she has a deep and vital interest in maintaining the Union. Thomas Dickens Arnold
The men now in power in this state [Texas] wish to tolerate slavery Stephen F. Austin
At the time the United States government acquired the territory of California from Mexico, slavery had been abolished there nearly twenty years Delilah L. Beasley
It is apparent, horribly apparent, that the slavery question rides insolently over every other everywhere -- in fact that is the only question which in the least affects the results of the elections Henry Lewis Benning
The anti-slavery feeling has got to be so great at the North that the owners of slave property in these States have a presentiment that it is a doomed institution, and the instincts of self-interest impels them to get rid of that property which is doomed. The consequence is, that it will go down lower and. lower, until it all gets to the Cotton States--until it gets to the bottom. There is the weight of a continent upon it forcing it down. Henry Lewis Benning
The only safety of the South from abolition universal is to be found in an early dissolution of the Union Henry Lewis Benning
There is a process going on by which some of our own slave States are becoming free States already. It is true, that in some of the slave States the slave population is actually on the decrease, and, I believe it is true of all of them that it is relatively to the white population on the decrease. The census shows that slaves are decreasing in Delaware and Maryland; and it shows that in the other States in the same parallel, the relative state of the decrease and increase is against the slave population Henry Lewis Benning
There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory … any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid. United States
English merchants were responsible for shipping over three million slaves (half the total) from Africa to the slave plantations of the Caribbean and southern USA, before their trade's abolition by parliament in 1807 Christine MacLeod
England, you know, hath been conquered and enslaved divers times, and the best laws that England hath (viz Magna Charta) were got by our forefathers’ importunate petitioning unto the kings, that still were their task-masters; and yet these best laws are yokes and manacles, tying one sort of people to be slaves to another... Gerrard Winstanley
No male person, born in this country, or brought from over sea, ought to beholden by law, to serve any person, as a servant, slave or apprentice, after he arrives to the age of twenty-one years, nor female, in like manner, after she arrives to the age of eighteen years Vermont
Pray, what thing in the world can be done worse towards us, than if men should rob or steal us away, and sell us for slaves to strange countries; separating husbands from their wives and children. Being now this is not done in the manner we would be done at; therefore, we contradict, and are against this traffic of men-body. And we who profess that it is not lawful to steal, must, likewise, avoid to purchase such things as are stolen, but rather help to stop this robbing and stealing, if possible. And such men ought to be delivered out of the hands of the robbers, and set free…. If once these slaves … should join themselves, fight for their freedom, and handle their masters and mistresses, as they did handle them before; will these masters and mistresses take the sword at hand and war against these poor slaves, like, as we are able to believe, some will not refuse to do? Or, have these poor negers not as much right to fight for their freedom, as you have to keep them slaves? Mennonites
Slavery, like all other great systems of wrong, founded in the depths of human selfishness, and existing for ages, has not neglected its own conservation. It has steadily exerted an influence upon all around it favorable to its own continuance. And to-day it is so strong that it could exist, not only without law, but even against law. Custom, manners, morals, religion, are all on its side everywhere in the South; and when you add the ignorance and servility of the ex-slave to the intelligence and accustomed authority of the master, you have the conditions, not out of which slavery will again grow, but under which it is impossible for the Federal government to wholly destroy it, unless the Federal government be armed with despotic power, to blot out State authority, and to station a Federal officer at every cross-road. This, of course, cannot be done, and ought not even if it could. Frederick Douglass
I have paid $120 for the freedom of Paul Jennings; he agrees to work out the same at $8 per month, to be furnished with board, clothes, washing. Daniel Webster
Your longed-for liberty cannot be decreed right away, as humanity and reason would wish, because unfortunately it stands in opposition to the sacred right of individual liberty of slaveholders in their property rights. Bernardo Monteagudo
The slave power of the South and the banking power of the North ... are now uniting to rule the country. Thomas Morris
Emancipation from every kind of bondage is my principle. Ernestine Rose
All men are indolent and have a disinclination to labor, but this is a great deal stronger in the African race than in any other. In working niggers, we just always calculate that they will not labor at all except to avoid punishment, and they will never do more than just enough to save themselves from being punished, and no amount of punishment will prevent their working carelessly and indifferently Anonymous
I beheld a middle aged African raised and exposed on one of the stalls in the shambles of Philadelphia market at Public Sale, as a Slave for life! And this is the capital of Pennsylvania, a land high in the profession of Liberty and Christianity. Anonymous
We are playing for a mighty stake. The game must be played boldly... We are organizing. We will be compelled to shoot, burn and hang, but the thing will soon be over.... If we win we can carry slavery to the Pacific ocean. David Rice Atchison
We beseech His Majesty to interest himself in ameliorating the condition of negroes in the colonies. France Blois
It is a war to the death between good and evil. We must fight fire with fire. John Brown
You are authorized to reduce to servitude all infidel people. Callistus III
restriction on the legislative power is not peculiar to the Constitution of the United States; it was borrowed from Magna Carta; was brought to America by our ancestors, as part of their inherited liberties, and has existed in all the States, usually in the very words of the great charter. It existed in every political community in America in 1787, when the ordinance prohibiting slavery north and west of the Ohio was passed Benjamin Curtis
Thus, if this document condemned our domestic slavery as an unlawful and consequently immoral practice, the bishops could not have accepted it without being bound to refuse the sacraments to all who were slave holders unless they manumitted their slaves; yet, if you look to the prelates who accepted the document, for the acceptation was immediate and unanimous: you will find, 1st the Archbishop of Baltimore . . . 2d, the Bishop of Bardstown . . . 3d, the Bishop of Charleston . . . 4th, the Bishop of St. Louis . . . 5th, the Bishop of Mobile . . . 6th, the Bishop of New Orleans . . . and, 7th the Bishop of Nashville . . . they all regarded the letter as treating of the "slave-trade," and not as touching "domestic slavery." I believe, sir, we may consider this to be pretty conclusive evidence as to the light in which that document is viewed by the Roman Catholic Church. John England
We order and command all and each of the faithful of each sex that, within the space of fifteen days of the publication of these letters in the place where they live, that they restore to their pristine liberty all and each person of either sex who were once residents of said Canary Islands . . . who have been made subject to slavery (servituti subicere). These people are to be totally and perpetually free and are to be let go without the exaction or reception of any money Eugene IV
It [the 13th Amendment] is not confined to African slavery alone. It is general and universal in its application. Slavery of white men as well as of black men is prohibited, and not merely slavery in the strict sense of the term, but involuntary servitude in every form Stephen J. Field
Take away political freedom from a race, and you have a group of slaves. Marcus Garvey
We, by apostolic authority, warn and strongly exhort in the Lord faithful Christians of every condition that no one in the future dare bother unjustly, despoil of their possessions, or reduce to slavery Indians, Blacks or other such peoples….There were to be found subsequently among the faithful some who, shamefully blinded by the desire of sordid gain, in lonely and distant countries did not hesitate to reduce to slavery (in servitutem redigere) Indians, Blacks and other unfortunate peoples, or else, by instituting or expanding the trade in those who had been made slaves by others, aided the crime of others. Certainly many Roman Pontiffs of glorious memory, Our Predecessors, did not fail, according to the duties of their office, to blame severely this way of acting as dangerous for the spiritual welfare of those who did such things and a shame to the Christian name …. We prohibit and strictly forbid any Ecclesiastic or lay person from presuming to defend as permissible this trade in Blacks under no matter what pretext or excuse, or from publishing or teaching in any manner whatsoever, in public or privately, opinions contrary to what We have set forth Gregory XVI
Regardless of the eventual shape of the evolved discourse and policy on reparations, there are five essential aspects which must be addressed and included in any meaningful and moral approach to reparations. They are public admission, public apology, public recognition, compensation, and institutional preventive measures against the recurrence of holocaust and other similar forms of massive destruction of human life, human culture and human possibility. Maulana Karenga
… cast into a burning hell James Henry Lane
We are in the midst of war -- war of the most bloody kind -- a war of extermination. Freedom and slavery are interlocked in deadly embrace, and death is certain for one or the other party... A crisis is just before us... and only God knoweth where it will end. Julia Louisa Lovejoy
Twenty years will produce all the mischief that can be apprehended from the liberty to import slaves; so long a term will be more dishonorable to the American character than to say nothing about it in the Constitution. James Madison
The institution of African slavery, as it existed in about half the States of the Union, and the contests pervading the public mind for many years, between those who desired its curtailment and ultimate extinction and those who desired additional safeguards for its security and perpetuation, culminated in the effort, on the part of most of the States in which slavery existed, to separate from the Federal government, and to resist its authority. This constituted the war of rebellion, and whatever auxiliary causes may have contributed to bring about this war, undoubtedly the overshadowing and efficient cause was African slavery. Samuel Freeman Miller
They [slaves] are forbidden by law to meet together for worship, or for the purpose of mutual improvement. In the cities, there are churches especially for them, in which the exercises are conducted by white clergymen. Frederick Law Olmsted
They [slaves] were frequently punished severely, under the impulse of temporary passion, often without deliberation, and on unfounded suspicion. This was especially the case where they were left to overseers, who, though sometimes men of intelligence and piety, were more often coarse, brutal, and licentious; drinking men, wholly unfitted for the responsibility imposed on them. Frederick Law Olmsted
Seeing this and envying it, the enemy of the human race, who always opposes all good men so that the race may perish, has thought up a way, unheard of before now, by which he might impede the saving word of God from being preached to the nations. He has stirred up some of his allies who, desiring to satisfy their own avarice, are presuming to assert far and wide that the Indians of the West and the South who have come to our notice in these times be reduced to our service like brute animals, under the pretext that they are lacking the Catholic Faith. And they reduce them to slavery (Et eos in servitutem redigunt), treating them with afflictions they would scarcely use with brute animals….Therefore, We, . . . noting that the Indians themselves indeed are true men and are not only capable of the Christian faith, but, as has been made known to us, promptly hasten to the faith, and wishing to provide suitable remedies for them, by our Apostolic Authority decree and declare by these present letters that the same Indians and all other peoples-even though they are outside the faith-who shall hereafter come to the knowledge of Christians have not been deprived or should not be deprived of their liberty or of their possessions Paul III
Africans became enslaved mainly through four ways: first, criminals sold by the chiefs as punishment; secondly, free Africans obtained from raids by African and a few European gangs, thirdly, domestic slaves resold, and fourthly, prisoners of war …. additional points to be addressed are the Arab slave trade in Afrika, occurring almost 1,000 years prior to the European slave trade, and continues even today… Kwaku Person-Lynn
When Arabs invaded Northeastern Africa in the 7th century A.D., in the name of Islam, this brought about a whole new relationship to the institution of slavery. Afrikans were captured, treated brutally and inhumanely, then shipped off to other Arab countries in Asia, or other parts of Afrika that they controlled. This happened approximately 600 years before the European Christians got involved. Kwaku Person-Lynn
The rapid population of the State of Ohio sufficiently evinces, in the opinion of your committee, that the labor of slaves is not necessary to promote the growth and settlement of colonies in that region. John Randolph
The American Negro must remake his past in order to make his future . . . History must restore what slavery took away Arthur Alfonso Schomburg
Come on then, Gentlemen of the Slave States. Since there is no escaping your challenge, I accept it in behalf of the cause of freedom. We will engage in competition for the virgin soil of Kansas, and God give the victory to the side which is stronger in numbers as it is in the right. William H. Seward
By the general law of nations, no nation is bound to recognize the state of slavery, as to foreign slaves found within its territorial dominions, when it is in opposition to its own policy and institutions Joseph Story
The enterprising spirit is gone when one goes South. Alexis de Tocqueville
There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory. United States
Therefore, we request that you understand this text, deliberate on its contents within a reasonable time, and recognize the Church and its highest priest, the Pope, as rulers of the universe, and in their name the King and Queen of Spain as rulers of this land, allowing the religious fathers to preach our holy Faith to you.….Should you fail to comply, or delay maliciously in so doing, we assure you that with the help of God we shall use force against you, declaring war upon you from all sides and with all possible means, and we shall bind you to the yoke of the Church and of Their Highnesses; we shall enslave your persons, wives and sons, sell you or dispose of you as the King sees fit; we shall seize your possessions and harm you as much as we can as disobedient and resisting vassals. Ferdinand of Aragon
Existing legal discriminations on account of color are not based on character or conduct, and have no relation to moral worth and fitness for civic usefulness, but are rather relics of prejudice which had its origin in slavery. I recommend their total repeal. George Hoadley
We wuz'nt nebber paid fur our wuk, nor allowed to be found readin'. White folks said, "Dats one thing we won’t allow: learnin' fur dese darkies". William Emmons
While it is admitted that each State in which slavery exists has by the Constitution of the United States the exclusive right to legislate in regard to its abolition with in its own boundaries; this Society shall endeavor to convince their fellow citizens that slaveholding is a heinous sin in the sight of God. and that the duty, safety and best interests of all concerned require its immediate abandonment without expatriation. Ohio Ripley
Another doctrine, worse still is gaining ground. It is that the colored people are not sufficiently informed to chose what is best for themselves, and that they ought to be compelled to go to Africa. Many colonizationists now avow it openly. And thus there is danger that the society will grow up into one of the most dreadful systems of cruelty that have ever afflicted the world. John Rankin
Surely this is a bad beginning in Lane Seminary. If it is to be governed by the excitements of Cincinnati, and especially … excitements so unreasonable, and if the students are to be placed under laws [so as] to appease the mob, the church will have little hope either from its purity or its influence. [When] it is found that it can be governed by city excitements it may expect to be favored with enough of them. Better far for the Seminary and the honest religion, the mob had torn the building to the ground. It could have been reared again as a standing monument of integrity. John Rankin
… the raging tide of oppression, red with the blood of the bodies and souls of men, sweeping over more than two millions of immortal beings John Rankin
I will never desert the cause of the Africans injured by slavery; I will not disappoint you. Alexander I
We can not cure great and inveterate evils at once Alexander I
There are commanding officers who are in sympathy with the rebels. While they are desirous of having the Union preserved, they despise those who are anti slavery… It seems impossible to have the war conducted successfully, for many in our own ranks are continually working to favor the South, and our armies have been repulsed and unmercifully slaughtered on account of the management of these pro-slavery men Ellen G. White
Do not injure, abuse, oppress, enslave, insult, torment, torture, or kill any creature or living being. Anonymous
They keep such a dingdong about “supporting the Constitution.” One might imagine it was some miserable, decrepit old creature that was no longer able to totter on crutches but must be held on every side, and dragged along like a drunken loafer, on his road to the lock-up. Jane Grey Swisshelm
Patterning your life around other's opinions is nothing more than slavery. Lawana Blackwell
Nationalism, from the point of view of the Islamic Resistance Movement, is part of the religious creed. Nothing in nationalism is more significant or deeper than in the case when an enemy should tread Moslem land. Resisting and quelling the enemy become the individual duty of every Moslem, male or female. A woman can go out to fight the enemy without her husband's permission, and so does the slave: without his master's permission. Hamas
O black boy of Atlanta! But half was spoken; The slave's chains and the master's Alike are broken; The one curse of the races Held both in tether; They are rising--all are rising-- The black and white together. John Greenleaf Whittier
The traffic in slaves is a matter on which all sects and nations have agreed from the time of the sons of Adam . . . up to this day. Moulay Sharif Abderrahmane
Can law, human law, change the nature of things? Can it turn darkness into light, or evil into good? By no means. Notwithstanding ten thousand laws, right is right, and wrong is wrong still. There must still remain an essential difference between justice and injustice, cruelty and mercy. … Who can reconcile this treatment of the Negroes, first and last, with either mercy or justice? John Wesley
After proclamation is issued against slaves that run away, it is lawful for any person whatsoever to kill and destroy such slaves, by such ways and means as he shall think fit. Ginni Rometty
I am nearly broken down with labor and anxiety. I know not how to meet the present emergency, or with what weapons to beat down the Northern and Southern follies, now raging in equal extremes. Daniel Webster
Let the undivided voice of the South go forth . . . declaring our determination to resist even to civil war Columbus Sentinel
The crisis is not far ahead . . . a dismemberment of this Republic I now consider inevitable. Alexander H. Stephens
Mr. Madison, I think, was one of the best men that ever lived. I never saw him in a passion, and never knew him to strike a slave, although he had over one hundred; neither would he allow an overseer to do it. Whenever any slaves were reported to him as stealing or "cutting up" badly, he would send for them and admonish them privately, and never mortify them by doing it before others. They generally served him very faithfully. He was temperate in his habits. I don't think he drank a quart of brandy in his whole life. Paul Jennings
Forces of good and evil are massed and armed and opposed as rarely before in history…. Freedom is pitted against slavery; lightness against the dark. Dwight D. Eisenhower
Debt is more of a problem for Blacks than racism. Being in debt is being in slavery. DeForest Soaries
The negroes are now Americans. Their ancestors came here years ago against their will, and this is their only country and their only flag. They have shown themselves anxious to live for it and to die for it. Encountering the race feeling against them, subjected at times to cruel injustice growing out of it, they may well have our profound sympathy and aid in the struggle they are making. We are charged with the sacred duty of making their path as smooth and easy as we can. Any recognition of their distinguished men, any appointment to office from among their number, is properly taken as an encouragement and an appreciation of their progress, and this just policy should be pursued when suitable occasion offers. William Howard Taft
There are few areas so advantages to the use of slaves as gold mining. Carolina Mercury
O people of America. The destinies of your country are in your own hands. They are committed to your own keeping. It is for you to say which ye will have, liberty or slavery, knowledge or ignorance, happiness or misery. Zelotes Fuller
That if any person or persons shall bring into this State, any negro or mulatto slave, whether said slave is set free or not, he or they shall be liable to an indictment, and upon conviction thereof, be fined for every such negro or mulatto, as sum not less than one hundred dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars, and imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year …. If any negro or mulatto, bond or free, shall come into this State, and remain ten days, with the evident intention of residing in the same, every such negro or mulatto shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and for the first offence shall be fined the sum of fifty dollars Illinois
That there are many free negroes in the Northern Cities who run at the sound of a Southerner’s footstep for fear of being unable to prove their freedom, there cannot be a doubt. Wouter Von Twiller
God was the original segregationist. Ross Barnett
It is now sixteen years since the institution of slavery in the South began to be agitated in Congress and assailed by our sister States. Up to that time, the people of the Northern States seemed to have respected the rights reserved to the Southern States by the Constitution, and to have acted under the conviction, that the subject of slavery being beyond the legislation of Congress, all agitation with respect to it on the part of Congress, was equally forbidden by the Constitution. But at this time, a portion of the people of the North began to assail, in Congress, the institution of slavery, and to accomplish their object of dragging it to the vortex of congressional agitation Southern Convention
The time was when your Representatives in Congress were neither offered, nor would they endure reproach in your behalf. But for many years past, they have heard you in Congress habitually reviled by the most opprobrious epithets on account of the institution of slavery. If their spirits are yet unbroken, they must be chilled by a sense of humiliation at the insults they daily receive as your representatives. You are arraigned as criminals. Slavery is dragged into every debate, and Congress has become little else, than a grand instrument in the hands of abolitionists to degrade and ruin the South. Southern Convention
The Union can be saved by an amendment to the Constitution, which will secure the rights of the South. The Union can be saved by giving the South an equal share of the common domain, and by restoring fugitive slaves to their owners. The South has no compromises to offer. Charleston Mercury
Of all the leaders of the old parties, of all aspiring spirits of the new ones, including General Taylor and the whole of his cabinet, from head to tail, not a single soul, not a single mind, has dared to exhibit the moral courage of coming out with any plan for settling the whole question, except it is Henry Clay, who, solitary and alone, faces the crises with as much calmness and composure as General Taylor did the Mexicans at Buena Vista. Whatever may be the objections to Mr. Clay’s plan on the one side, or its recommendations on the other, we think the moral courage he has exhibited is a spectacle of sublimity that ought to shame all the politicians at Washington, and the miserable drivellers of both parties, and all parties, there and elsewhere. New York Herald
How weak and imbecile, in such a crisis [the slavery issue], have been the good and amiable General Taylor, and his puerile and contemptible cabinet at his back! New York Herald
In certain portions of the South there are expeditions forming for the purpose of sailing to San Domingo, and of conquering that island; and in other parts, expeditions are forming for a descent on the Island of Cuba; and others are looking to the acquisition of Mexico, with the ultimate creation of a new republic, commencing with Virginia at the North, and embracing San Domingo, Cuba, and Mexico up to Central America. All these wild measures, to our certain knowledge, are embraced more or less by certain parties now in Washington, and scattered over the South. New York Herald
Whilst the agitation of the Slave question in the North may be sport to us, it may become also prove death to them. It produces an uneasy & excited feeling among the Slaves & places in jeopardy the safety of all they hold most dear on earth. Devotedly attached to the union as they are, they (the Southerners) soberly declare that if the North should persist in applying the match to the magazine of gun powder in which they live, self preservation will compel them to separate from us. James Buchanan
Negro Stealing Anonymous
The Abolitionists have agents employed in this city, whose business it is to tamper with negroes, offer them free passage to Chicago, and conduct them across the river, and to the first relay near Upper Alton. The negroes are taken on in wagons, in the night, driving thirty to forty miles in a night, and concealing them during the day. The expenses are paid by the abolition societies. In this way a large number of negroes have been run off during the past summer. In addition to the regular agents of the regular line of negro stealers, there are other negro thieves who come to this city and remain for a time, finding many congenial spirits in our midst, who will wink at the boxing up and shipping a stolen negro as dry goods as a very witty device. As to their aide and accomplices in Illinois it is in our power to point to clergymen who openly express their willingness to serve their Creator by harboring and concealing stolen property.- St. Louis Republican
I want you to understand that Mary is my Child and she is a God given right of my own and you may hold on to her as long as you can but I want you to remember this one thing that the longer you keep my Child from me the longer you will have to burn in hell and the quicker you will get there…. We are now making up about one thousand black troops to come up there … and when we come woe be to Copperhead rebels and to the Slaveholding rebels for we don’t expect to leave them there root nor branch…. We that have Children in the hands of you devils we will try you vultures the day that we enter Glasgow I want you to understand … that where ever you and I meet, we are enemies to each other I offered once to pay you forty dollars for my own Child but I am glad now that you did not accept it Just hold on now as long as you can, and the worse it will be for you. You never in your life before I came down here did you give Children anything—not anything whatever, not even a dollars worth of expenses. Now you call my children your property. Not so with me. My Children is my own and I expect to get them and when I get ready to come after Mary I will have both the power and authority to bring her away and to execute vengeances on them that holds my Child …. I want you now to just hold on. I have no fears about getting Mary out of your hands this whole Government gives cheer to me and you cannot help your self. Spotswood Rice
I will admit that the word expatriation is not universally applicable to the free people of color generally, and even to the great majority of the three millions of slaves; but the plan does not propose to consult the predilection of any, but if they must be removed from the country without their consent, then surely humanity would dictate that we ought to make their privations as light as possible. Why not establish a colony in California for those who object to go to Africa? The climate, the soil, and the location, would all be propitious; our government could throw around them the shield of her protection, and if one seventh part of our whole population are to be removed, we could afford to spare the poor blacks a tract of wild land that has been obtained by conquest. Walker Brown
Neither General Hunter, nor any other commander, or person, has been authorized by the Government of the United States, to make proclamations declaring the slaves of any State free; and that the supposed proclamation, now in question, … is altogether void, so far as respects such declaration. Abraham Lincoln
Major General David Hunter is a felon to be executed if captured. Jefferson Davis
[The escaped slaves] have always understood that after being received into the military service of the United States in any capacity they could never be reclaimed by their former holders …. [They should receive] permanent military protection against any compulsory return to a condition of servitude. George B. McClellan
I know it is no use for us now to discuss this–war is on us. We are Enemies, still private friends. In the one Capacity I will do you all the harm I can, yet on the other if here. you may have as of old my last Cent, my last shirt and pants, You ask of me of your negroes. and I will immediately ascertain if they be under my Military Control and I will moreover see that they are one and all told what is true of all– ‘Boys if you want to go to your master, Go– You are free to choose, You must now think for yourselves. Your Master has seceded from his Parent Government and you have seceded from him–both wrong by law–but both exercising an undoubted natural Right to rebel, If your boys want to go, I will enable them to go, but I won’t advise, persuade or force them–‘ William Tecumseh Sherman
Negroes in numbers from one plantation to an other at all hours night & day– They travel on the rail road– They congregate in large numbers on deserted plantations– All these things are done against the will & in defiance of the orders of their masters.– In Some instances negro Soldiers partially armed have been allowed to visit the plantations from which they enlisted– In a word we are in a State of anarchy…. On some places the negroes have refused to work on any terms– We ask such power & authority as will enable us to preserve order & compel the negroes to work W. J. Minor
You could not let your masters see you read; but now [after Emancipation] the colored people are fond of sending their children to school. Because the children in after years will be able to tell us ignorant ones how to do for ourselves. Harry McMillan
We are obliged to have white people to administer the law; the black people have a good deal of sense but they do not know the law. If the government keep the masters away altogether it would not do to leave the colored men here alone; some white men must be here not as masters, but we must take the law by their word and if we do not we must be punished. If you take all the white men away we are nothing. Probably with the children that are coming up no white men will not be needed. They are learning to read and write– some are learning lawyer, some are learning doctor, and some learn minister; and reading books and newspapers they can understand the law; but the old generation cannot understand it. It makes no difference how sensible they are, they are blind and it wants white men for the present to direct them. After five years they will take care of themselves; this generation cannot do it. Harry McMillan
No, not at liberty; because it was considered a stain on the family, but the young men did it; there was a good deal of it.  They often kept one girl steady and sometimes two on different places; men who had wives did it too sometimes; if they could get it on their own place it was easier but they would go wherever they could get it. Harry McMillan
The punishments were whipping, putting you in the stocks and making you wear irons and a chain at work. Then they had a collar to put round your neck with two horns, like cows' horns, so that you could not lie down on your back or belly. This also kept you from running away for the horns would catch in the bushes. Sometimes they dug a hole like a well with a door on top. This they called a dungeon keeping you in it two or three weeks or a month, and sometimes till you died in there. This hole was just big enough to receive the body; the hands down by the sides. Harry McMillan
Concubinage, which is voluntary on the part of the slaves, and permissive on that of the master…in reality, is the relation, to which these people have ever been practically restricted, and with which alone, perhaps, their condition is compatible. Thomas Ruffin
Our law requires no solemnity or form in regard to the marriage of slaves, and whether they ‘take up’ with each other, by the express permission of their owners, or from a mere impulse of nature…cannot, in contemplation of law, make any sort of difference. Richmond Pearson
A most striking illustration of general feeling on the subject is to be found in the case of George Eve, who carried on with him a woman to the North under the name of wife – She was a mulatto slave, and although it was well known that he lived constantly with her violating one of God’s ten commandments yet nothing was thought of it. There was no one without sin “to cast the first stone at him” but when public opinion was outraged by the report that the ceremony of marriage had been passed between them – then his father was terribly mortified and has since attempted to prove that he is a lunatic – with what success I do not know. He preferred having him living in a constant state of sin to having him pass the boundary of Caste. Ella Clanton Thomas
Freeborn English women who made shamefull Matches with Negro slaves. Maryland Colonial Assembly
The worst abuse of the system of slavery is its outrage upon the family…one which is more notorious and undeniable than any other. Harriet Beecher Stowe
The slaveholders are publishing, as in so many legibly written volumes, in the faces of their mulatto offspring, the sad, sickening evidences of their abominable immoralities…What a religion must that be, which declares that the system, of which these deeds are part, is ordained, sanctioned, owned and blest, of God! Samuel Ringgold Ward
God forgive us, but ours is a monstrous system, a wrong and an iniquity! Like the patriarchs of old, our men live all in one house with their wives and their concubines; and the mulattoes one sees in every family partly resemble the white children. Any lady is ready to tell you who is the father of all the mulatto children in everybody’s household but her own. Those, she seems to think, drop from the clouds. Mary Boykin Chesnut
Marriage is too much like slavery not to be involved in its fate. George Fitzhugh
The wife owes service and labor to her husband as much and as absolutely as the slave does to his master. Antoinette Brown Blackwell
Marriage is to woman a state of slavery. It takes from her the right to her own property, and makes her submissive in all things to her husband. Lucy Stone
If “all men are born free,” how is it that all women are born slaves? Mary Astell
The very nature of the marriage contract was…nothing but giving up liberty, estate, authority, and everything to man, and the woman was indeed a mere woman ever after – that is to say, a slave. Daniel Defoe
I belong to that degraded race called woman – who whether her lot be cast among Jew, or Turk, heathen or Christian is yet a slave. Frances Peters
Voting means very little…if I may not keep my body, and its uses, in my absolute right. Not one wife in a thousand can do that now, & so long as she suffers this bondage, all other rights will not help her to her true position. Lucy Stone
Twin relics of barbarism – polygamy and slavery. Republican Party
There are many disgusting elements in Slavery which are not present in Polygamy, while the single disgusting element of Polygamy is more than present in Slavery. By the license of Polygamy, one man may have many wives, all bound to him by the marriage tie, and in other respects protected by law. Charles Sumner
By a series of legislative acts, by executive proclamations, by military orders, and by the adoption of the amendment to the Constitution by the people of the United States, the gigantic system of human slavery that darkened the land, controlled the policy and swayed the destinies of the Republic, has forever perished. Henry Wilson
All persons are equal before the law, so that no person can hold another as a slave. U.S. Senate
If a constitutional amendment could regulate the relation of master and servant, it certainly can, on the same principle, make regulations concerning the relation of parent and child, husband and wife, and guardian and ward. Lazarus Powell
There are no class of people in the United States who so highly appreciate the legality of marriage as those persons who have been held and treated as property. Henry Watson Bibb
It was not a business with which the Federal Government had properly anything to do; but it was very properly taken up by the Freedman’s Bureau. New York Times
The legalization of marriages of ex-slaves stunk in the Nostrils of the people of Virginia…they believed that the nigger was better off with as many wives as he chose. A. B. Sweeney
Chinese women in California are bought and sold for prostitution, and are treated worse than dogs; they are held in a most revolting condition of slavery. United States Congress
A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure half slave and half free. Abraham Lincoln
They charge me with fanaticism. If to be feelingly alive to the suffering of my fellow creatures is to be a fanatic, I am one of the most incurable fanatics ever permitted to be at large. William Wilberforce
The slavery issue should be decided by Congress, and I, as the President, will follow their direction. Zachary Taylor
If we do not, it will end in bloodshed ... most probably. Oliver Ellsworth
Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death. Patrick Henry
I don’t want to see the issue of Black reparations for slavery close the door to historic memory and continuing responsibility. Glenn Loury
Am I not a man and a brother? Josiah Wedgwood
Caution!! Colored People of Boston, One & All. You are hereby respectfully cautioned and advised, to avoid conversing with the Watchmen and Police Officers … for since the recent Order of the Mayor & Aldermen, they are empowered to act as Kidnappers and Slave Catchers, and they have been actually employed in kidnapping, catching and keeping slaves. Therefore, if you value your liberty and the welfare of the fugitives among you, as so many hounds in the track of the most unfortunate of your race. Keep a Sharp Look Out for Kidnappers and have Top Eye open. Theodore Parker
The Madman from Massachusetts Anonymous
If a supposed insurrection in the sparse slave population of Northern Virginia throws the whole South into consternation, what kind of security will that section enjoy when thousands of ship loads of the same incendiary material have been brought from Africa, filling up the southern States? We appeal to the conservative men of the country to say which is the safest and best policy: the Democratic, which is striving to multiply and expand this volcanic element, or the Republican which seeks to limit and circumscribe it, and place it on the way of ultimate extinction. Chicago Tribune
It is no novelty to find the Supreme Court following the lead of the Slavery Extension party, to which most of its members belong. Five of the Judges are slaveholders, and two of the other four owe their appointments to their facile ingenuity in making State laws bend to Federal demands in behalf of ‘the Southern institution.’ New York Evening Journal Albany
In the momentous step which our State has taken of dissolving its connection with the government of which we so long formed a part, it is but just that we should declare the prominent reasons which have induced our course. Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery-- the greatest material interest of the world. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth. These products are peculiar to the climate verging on the tropical regions, and by an imperious law of nature, none but the black race can bear exposure to the tropical sun. These products have become necessities of the world, and a blow at slavery is a blow at commerce and civilization. That blow has been long aimed at the institution, and was at the point of reaching its consummation. There was no choice left us but submission to the mandates of abolition, or a dissolution of the Union, whose principles had been subverted to work out our ruin. Mississippi
Our Representative, Mr. Brooks, was among Mr. Senator Sumner's audience, on the second day; and it was on this day that Sumner, emptied one of his vials of vile vituperation on the head of Senator Butler, who was then absent at home. As soon as the speech was done and the Senate had adjourned, Mr. Brooks advanced to Sumner and demanded some explanation or retraction of his abuse of Judge Butler; and upon Sumner's refusal to accede to the proposition, our member fell to work upon him with a cane he happened to have in hand at the moment. The beating is said by all the reporters to have been a thorough one. Some say he received fifty stripes; yet we very much doubt if the Captain cared to exceed the legal number of thirty-nine, usually applied to scamps. But the beauty and propriety of the proceeding consists, to no small extent, in the fact that it was accomplished while yet the galleries had not emptied themselves, and while many of Sumner's constituents were probably there to look upon the deed. For our own part, we feel that our Representative did exactly right; and we are sure his people will commend him highly for it. Edgefield, South Carolina, Advertiser
Slavery is a slow poison to the morals of any community where it exists. John Quincy Adams
In 12 years of public school I can never remember any of my teachers describing slavery for what it was. Bill Moyers
Priesthoods were invented in order to provide the commoners and slaves with a theory of the world, so that they could accept society as it was. This theory explained that social inequalities were intrinsically good and necessary. Francisco Gil-White
The fundamental reason for anti-Semitism is that Jewish Law, the law of liberated slaves, carefully protects the rights of ordinary workers, and this has always been offensive to the Western ruling classes. Francisco Gil-White
Slaves are forced to work, under threat of violence, for no pay beyond subsistence E. Benjamin Skinner
No Commander of any Cruiser … shall be allowed to take any person of whatever Nation or denomination out of any Vessel belonging to the United States of North America in order to Examine them or under presence of making them confess any thing desired; neither shall they inflict any corporal punishment or any way else molest them. Joseph Donaldson Jr.
No covenant of personal servitude or apprenticeship whatsoever shall be valid or binding on a Negro or Mulatto for a longer time than seven year. Pennsylvania
All restraints upon man's natural liberty, not necessary for the simple maintenance of justice, are of the nature of slavery, and differ from each other only in degree. Lysander Spooner
Let us not despair; it is a blessed cause, and success, ere long, will crown our exertions. Already we have gained one victory; we have obtained, for these poor creatures, the recognition of their human nature, which, for a while was most shamefully denied. This is the first fruits of our efforts; let us persevere and our triumph will be complete. Never, never will we desist till we have wiped away this scandal from the Christian name, released ourselves from the load of guilt, under which we at present labour, and extinguished every trace of this bloody traffic, of which our posterity, looking back to the history of these enlightened times, will scarce believe that it has been suffered to exist so long a disgrace and dishonour to this country. William Wilberforce
Liberty: I hope to see the time when all mankind will enjoy its blessings. William Wilberforce
Democracy cannot flourish half rich and half poor, any more than it can flourish half free and half slave. Felix Rohatyn
SLAVES CANNOT MARRY. Being held as Property, and incapable of making any Contract, they cannot contract Marriage recognized by Law. MEN may forget or disregard the rules of logic in their reasonings about slavery, but the genius that presides over American slavery never forgets or disregards them. From its well-defined principle of human chattelhood it never departs, for a single moment. If any thing founded on falsehood might be called a science, we might add the system of American slavery to the list of the strict sciences. From a single fundamental axiom, all the parts of the system are logically and scientifically educed. And no man fully understands the system, who does not study it in the light of that axiom. The slave has no rights. Of course he, or she, cannot have the rights of a husband, a wife. The slave is a chattel, and chattels do not marry. The slave is not ranked among sentient beings, but among things, and things are not married. Slaves are not people, in the eye of the law. They have no legal personality. So said by their votes, the Federal Congress. William Goodell
in Virginia and the Carolinas they have a vast multitude of slaves. Where this is the case in any part of the world, those who are free, are by far the most proud and jealous of their freedom. Freedom is to them not only an enjoyment, but a kind of rank and privilege. Edmund Burke
… we fight merely to resist the devastation of our country and the shedding of our best blood, and to force them to let us live in peace under the protection of our own institutions, and under our laws, which not only insure to everyone the enjoyment of his temporal rights, but also the free exercise of his religion. Jefferson Davis
No man can divest himself … of his liberty Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui
The causes of their [Indians’] degradation and diminution, are principally to be found in their baneful communication with the man of Europe, which has contaminated their morals, destroyed their population, robbed them of their country, and deprived them of their national spirit. Indeed, when we consider, that the discovery and settlement of America, have exterminated millions of the red men, and entailed upon the sable inhabitants of Africa, endless and destructive wars, captivity, slavery and death, we have reason to shudder at the gloomy perspective DeWitt Clinton
Some time since a Senator from Massachusetts allowed himself, in an elaborately prepared speech, to offer a gross insult to my State, and to a venerable friend, who is my State representative, and who was absent at the time. Not content with that, he published to the world, and circulated extensively, this uncalled for libel on my State and my blood. Whatever insults my State insults me. Her history and character have commanded my pious veneration; and in her defense I hope I shall always be prepared, humbly and modestly, to perform the duty of a son. I should have forfeited my own self-respect, and perhaps the good opinion of my countrymen, if I had failed to resent such an injury by calling the offender in question to a personal account. Preston Brooks
Joint Resolution to amend the Constitution of the United States. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, viz.: "Article Thirteen" No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State. United States Congress
Every hour that Georgia stays in the union after Lincoln comes into power would be an hour of degradation, to be followed by certain and speedy ruin. Howell Cobb
We must strip away slogans such as “states’ rights.” We must attach the “wrongs” of society. Lyndon B. Johnson
One hundred years ago the slave was freed. One hundred years later, the negro remains in bondage to the color of his skin…. The negro today asks for justice. We do not answer him—we do not answer those who lie beneath this soil—when we answer “Patience.” Lyndon B. Johnson
If this is the vaunted superiority our Government and the purity of our elective institutions, I do not think we have so much to be proud of, and morality and religion are of little use if they cannot teach us to discern the difference between right and wrong. Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams
The excitement during this protracted debate has been intense. The galleries are now crowded with colored persons almost to the exclusion of whites…. They know it to be a question of servitude or freedom, and imagine that the result will immediately affect their condition. Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams
Slaves no doubt, but still men. Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius
Gentlemen, you may soon have the alternative to live as slaves or die as free men Daniel O'Connell
The Negro nation are, as a rule, submissive to slavery, because Negroes have little that is essentially human and have attributes that are quite similar to those of dumb animals … Ibn Khaldun
Though the Negroes are fed, clothed, and housed, and though the Irish peasant is starved, naked, and roofless, the bare name of freemen—the lordship over his own person, the power to choose and will—are blessings beyond food, raiment, or shelter; possessing which, the want of every comfort of life is yet more tolerable than their fullest enjoyment without them. Fanny Kemble
The Atlantic Slave Trade was greatest planned accumulation of wealth that the world has ever known. C. L. R. James; Johnson, J. R,
We are still living with the ships of the Atlantic slave trade. They are ghost ships that influenced much of what we are today. Marcus Rediker
The truth that we are required to face about the slave trade is that it was founded on violence and terror … not done to Americans but done by Americans to others. Marcus Rediker
Slavery is the first form of Globalization in which America participated. Edward L. Ayers
I was told before leaving England that after living in slave countries, all my opinions would be altered; the only alteration I am aware of is forming a much higher estimate of the negro character. It is impossible to see a negro and not feel kindly towards him. Charles Darwin
The outrages which abolition fanaticism has continued year by year to heap upon the South, have at length culminated in the election of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin, avowed abolitionists, to the presidency and vice presidency -- both bigoted, unscrupulous and cold-blooded enemies of the peace and equality of the slaveholding states, and one of the pair strongly marked with the blood of his negro ancestry. . . . In view of the formal declaration, through the ballot box, of a purpose by the northern states to wield the vast machinery of the federal Government as now constituted, for destroying the liberties of the slaveholding states, it becomes their duty to dissolve their connection with it and establish a separate and independent government of their own. Semi-Weekly Mississippian
The returns before us indicate the election of ABRAHAM LINCOLN President of the United States. The result anticipated has become a gratifying reality. . . . It is enough that the great fact stands out clearly . . . that LINCOLN is elected president, and that the principle of intimidation, so persistently and wickedly brought to bear on this election by Southern extremists and their allies the Northern Democratic panic makers, has signally failed. . . . All honor to freemen of this Republic; congratulations warm and hearty be theirs, for the great principle of the defense of freedom within the free territories of the United States, to establish which the Republican Party entered upon this canvass, has its complete vindication in signal victory. . . . Stretching out our hands to the South over this victory, we have no word of taunt to utter for the threats of disunion which were raised for our defeat. Let those threats be buried in oblivion; for through the long vista of this success we see a reign of peace from Slavery agitation, established simply by that circumscribing of Slavery within its local bounds, and that firm defense of the integrity of National Freedom, which this triumph of the Republican party on the 6th of November, 1860, seals now and henceforth. New York Enquirer
The election of Abraham Lincoln to the chief magistracy of the country by the hordes of fanatics and negrophilists who have been flocking to his standards since the opening of the Presidential canvass has awakened throughout the South a spirit of stubborn resistance which it will be found is impossible to quell. . . . The crisis now impending upon the whole country is a necessary consequence of the abnormal condition into which our dearest and most sacred institutions have been plunged by the success of our avowedly unrelenting enemies. . . . The unmistakable fact stares us in the face that we are now in a state of danger unparalleled in the annals of our history. . . . Of one thing, however, the whole South may rest assured -- that the sons of Louisiana will not remain indifferent spectators of the drama about to be enacted, and if the sword is to be drawn, they will be . . . found in the vanguard of the Southern phalanx. . . . New Orleans Courier
Avoid being in any way concerned in reaping the unrighteous profits of that unrighteous practice of dealing in Negroes and other slaves – in direct violation of the gospel rule which teaches every one to do as he would be done by. Rhode Island Quakers
Every crime, even the most atrocious, may be justified. John Wesley
I...distinctly stated to you that...I held it an incumbent duty of every officer of the Institution to abstain from any act tending to bring within its walls discussions upon questions on which the passions and interests of the community are divided, and warmly engaged Josiah Quincy III
In all the non-slave-holding States, in violation of that good faith and comity which should exist between entirely distinct nations, the people have formed themselves into a great sectional party, now strong enough in numbers to control the affairs of each of those States, based upon an unnatural feeling of hostility to these Southern States and their beneficent and patriarchal system of African slavery, proclaiming the debasing doctrine of equality of all men, irrespective of race or color-- a doctrine at war with nature, in opposition to the experience of mankind, and in violation of the plainest revelations of Divine Law. They demand the abolition of negro slavery throughout the confederacy, the recognition of political equality between the white and negro races, and avow their determination to press on their crusade against us, so long as a negro slave remains in these States. Texas
They have encouraged and assisted thousands of our slaves to leave their homes; and those who remain, have been incited by emissaries, books and pictures to servile insurrection. South Carolina
An increasing hostility on the part of the non-slaveholding States to the institution of slavery, has led to a disregard of their obligations, and the laws of the General Government have ceased to effect the objects of the Constitution. The States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin and Iowa, have enacted laws which either nullify the Acts of Congress or render useless any attempt to execute them. In many of these States the fugitive is discharged from service or labor claimed, and in none of them has the State Government complied with the stipulation made in the Constitution. South Carolina
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. United States
No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, But shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due. United States
The people of Georgia having dissolved their political connection with the Government of the United States of America, present to their confederates and the world the causes which have led to the separation. For the last ten years we have had numerous and serious causes of complaint against our non-slave-holding confederate States with reference to the subject of African slavery. They have endeavored to weaken our security, to disturb our domestic peace and tranquility, and persistently refused to comply with their express constitutional obligations to us in reference to that property Georgia
No person hereafter imported into this State from Africa ought to be held in slavery under any presence whatever; and no negro, Indian, or mulatto slave ought to be brought into this State, for sale, from any part of the world. Delaware
No kingdom can be secured otherwise than by arming the people. The possession of arms is the distinction between a freeman and a slave.” James Burgh
The third type of African farmers may rightly he called the industrious class. Among them there are no slovenly owners, drunkards, or such as find the weather too cold and wet during the ploughing and sowing season and too warm and windy during harvest time and who neglect and diminish their sources of income by leaving all the work to a few slaves. Industrious farmers let no hour pass unused. Even in the season between Sowing and harvesting, when the countryman could sometimes have an easy time, they keep themselves and their servants busy: and when the weather is so inclement that nothing can be done Outside, the slaves under cover of a roof, in the barn or in their dwellings, will at least make ropes and cords out of old anchor cables, for tying oxen and knee-haltering horses O. F. Mentzel
Although Ham and his descendants have become powerful nations, slavery has ruled amongst them. Have not most Africans as a rule been slaves of their kings? Are not the majority of them still slaves of the Turks? Have not the inhabitants of Congo, Angola, Guinea, Monomopata, and Bagawidri from slave nests, whence many are dragged here and there, sold, and used for all forms of servile labors? These people have been so conditioned, that when freed or treated lovingly they are no good and do not know how to behave themselves. But if one constantly applies the cane to their backs and gives them a sound thrashing without mercy, then one can expect good services from them for their well-being consists of enslavement Johan Picardt
As it is seems natural to our nation to aspire to golden freedom (ad auream libertatem), so we experience in contrast amongst the ordinary nations of these countries such a servile character, that their freedom and self-government apparently are even worse than slavery. Moreover, when freed, they pursue their submission to another person …. They set their sail according to the wind, have themselves circumcised, following and practicing the Muslim faith Justus Heurnius
Our intention is that the purchase of slaves will occur indiscriminately of both the elderly and the young, especially when they are members of a single family as is often the case. If we only accepted the young and turn down the old, the latter would perish, which we understand has already occurred often. This would not conform with Christianity for to accept the children and leaving the parents to die in their presence, or to accept the men and turn down the women, would be harsh and, we fear, unacceptable to the Lord God Johan Maetsuycker
It has been our experience, that free men are often seduced by sinister practices, enslaved, and transported, which can thus be prevented Isbrand Godske
Freedom for Slaves Anonymous
Whereas the enemy [American Revolutionists] have adopted a practice of enrolling Negroes among their troops, I do hereby give Notice that all Negroes taken in Arms or upon any military Duty shall be purchased for the public service at a stated price; the money to be paid to the captors. But I do most strictly forbid any Person to sell or claim right over any Negroes the property of a Rebel who may take refuge with any part of this Army. And I do promise to every Negro who shall desert the Rebel Standard full Security to follow within the Lines any occupation which he may think proper Henry Clinton
Slave keeping is a custom that casts the most indelible odium on a whole people, causing infer that they are a different race formed by the Creator for brutal service, to drudge for us with their brethren of the stalls. Providence Gazette
Without this trade, it would have been and will always be, utterly impossible for the inhabitants of this colony to subsist themselves, or to pay for any considerable quantity of British goods Stephen Hopkins
Liberty is the greatest blessing that men enjoy, and slavery is the heaviest curse that human nature is capable of …. those who are governed at the will of another, and whose property may be taken from them...without their consent...are in the miserable condition of slaves. Stephen Hopkins
Liberty to Negroes Anonymous
Peace was restored between America and Great Britain which diffused universal joy among all parties except us, who had escaped slavery and taken refuge in the English army; for a report prevailed at New York that all the slaves … were to be delivered up to their masters although some of them had been 3 or 4 years amongst the British. This dreadful rumor filled us with inexpressible anguish and terror, especially when we saw our old masters … seizing upon slaves in the streets of New York, or even dragging them out of their beds. Boston King
This attempt to excite an insurrection among the slaves is one of the natural results of the agitation of the slavery question, originated and so persistently kept up by designing politicians, both of the North and the South for partisan purposes. It can be traced to no other cause, and unless the people of both sections rise in the majesty of their strength and put an end at once to this mischievous agitation, the page that records the bloody events of the last two days, will be but a preface to the history of a civil war in which the same scenes will be re-enacted on a larger scale, and end in the dissolution of our glorious Union. Tennessee Republican Banner and Nashville Whig Nashville
Slavery has beene permitted by the Supreeme Governour of all things for time Immemorial, and whenever I am Convinced as you are, that its Wrong in the Sight of God, I will Immediately Desist, but while its not only allowed by the Supreeme Governour of all States but by all the Nations of Europe...I cannot thinke this State ought to Decline the trade. John Brown
Be it resolved that no insurance is to be made on behalf of this company upon any vessel, or property laden therein, for the purpose of carrying on the Slave Trade. Providence Washington Insurance Company
Negro cloth Anonymous
All men were blessed with equal right and privilege and that liberty was the birth right, the Palladium of every individual…. Of all the specious reasons for importing and holding in bondage the native African, none was more absurd than the idea that one who was formed with a dark complexion is inferior to him, who possesses a complexion more light. Should a thing like this be admitted as general mankind would be at once resolved into an unusual monarchy with some weak puny white-faced creature for the sovereign, and those whose color was furtherest removed from white, though a Newton or...a Washington would be reduced to the most abject slavery…. Such claims could never be admitted by any except those who are prompted by avarice to encroach upon the sacred rights of their fellow men, and are vainly endeavoring to appease a corroding conscience. James Tallmadge Jr.
I have no right, for the sake of carrying a measure, or stirring up excitement, or swaying the popular opinion, to urge, as a matter of universal obligation, what God has left as a matter to be decided by every man’s conscience Francis Wayland
Slavery in this country will yet cease, for it is wrong, but it will never be made to cease by the present efforts. They have on them, in my opinion, every mask of failure, for they are not made in the fear of God or with love to man. They may destroy the union, plunge this country into a civil war, break us up into a half dozen different confederacies, but abolish slavery as they are now attempting to do it – they never will. You may note my words, they never will. Francis Wayland
I can recollect no one place at present from whence the cotton can come, but from the labour of the slaves John Brown
Slave keeping casts the most indelible odium on a whole people, causing infer that they are a different race formed by the Creator for brutal service, to drudge for us with their brethren of the stalls. Anonymous
“We, the People of Providence demand federal suppression of the abolitionist movementon the grounds that it threatens the sacred rights of property as well as the existing relations of friendship and of business between different sections of our country. Providence Anti-Abolition Society
He is a slave-monger whose talents are not above mediocrity, and with a spirit incapable of expansion to the dimensions of the station upon which he has been cast by the hand of Providence John Quincy Adams
Several of Providence Merchant John Brown’s slaves ran away to Boston. About a year later they showed up and asked to be taken in again. It says something about how hard it was to be a free Black at that time Charles Rappleye
It is my earnest desire to know the will of Providence in this matter. And if I can learn what is I will do it. Abraham Lincoln
It is a momentous thing to be the instrument, under Providence, of the liberation of a race. Abraham Lincoln
Shelterless, naked, and hungry, He is exposed to the bleak winds, the cold rains, and hot sun of heaven, with none that love him, none that care for him. His employer hates him because he asks high wages or joins strikes; his fellow laborer hates him because he competes with him for employment…. Let him fare at least as well as the dog, and the horse, and the sheep. Better to be down with the kids and the goats, than stand naked and hungry without. As a slave, he will be beloved and protected. Whilst free, he will be hated, despised, and persecuted. Such is the will of God and order of Providence. It is idle to inquire the reasons. George Fitzhugh
When you will explain why, in His wisdom, He made one mountain overtop another mountain--formed one ocean larger than another ocean--planned one valley wider than another valley; when you can make me understand why He made the oak stronger than its neighbor--the rainbow more beautiful than the storm-cloud--the lily more lovely than the lilac; when you will tell me the reason that Providence ordained that the fair Saxon should be permitted to express, in the blush upon her face, all the emotions of her soul, while the African knows not the signification of the word--when these things are made clear to me, I will tell you how and why He has made the African the servant of the Anglo-Saxon race, but not till then. They were born and bred servants, they cannot be masters George Francis Train
My doctrines, sir, on the slavery question, are the doctrines of my ancestors, modified as they were by themselves in an act of confederation. In this one respect, they left society in the political condition in which they found it--a reform would have been fearful and calamitous--a political revolution with one class was morally impracticable. Consulting a wise humanity, they submitted to the condition in which Providence had placed them; they settled the question in the deep foundations of the Constitution Churchill C. Cambreleng
As slavery is a moral evil, it ought to be removed as speedily as possible, and trust the consequences of such duty in the hands of unerring Providence Elihu Embree
Just as the earth can never die, neither will those who have ever been free return to slavery. Ernest Hemingway
The abolition of war is like the abolition of slavery, a matter of education and civilization. William Randolph Hearst
When shall the happy day come when Americans shall be consistently engaged in the cause of liberty? Levi Hart
Revolution is the right of slaves. Leivick Halpern
The moral character of Jefferson was repulsive. Continually pulling about liberty, equality and the degrading curse of slavery, he brought his own children to the hammer, and made money of his debaucheries. Alexander Hamilton
The question before the court and you, gentlemen of the jury, is not of small or private concern. It is not the cause of a poor printer, nor of New York alone, which you are trying. No. It may in its consequences affect every freeman that lives under British government on the main of America. It is the best cause. It is the cause of liberty. And I make no doubt but your upright conduct, this day, will not only entitle you to the love and esteem of your fellow citizens, but every man who prefers freedom to a life of slavery will bless and honor you as men who have baffled the attempt at tyranny and who, by an impartial and uncorrupt verdict, have laid a noble foundation for securing to ourselves and our posterity and our neighbors that to which nature and the laws of our country have given us a right—the liberty both of exposing and opposing arbitrary power by speaking and writing the truth. Andrew Hamilton
The notes of congratulations which this Senate sent across the Atlantic to the people of France on their deliverance from thraldom, have hardly ceased when the supremacy of mob-law and the destruction of freedom of the press are threatened in this capital of the Union. John P. Hale
I did more for the Russian serf in giving him land as well as personal liberty, than America did for the Negro slave set free by the proclamation of President Lincoln. How could you Americans have been so blind as to leave the Negro slave without the tools to work out his own salvation ….Without property of any kind he cannot education himself or his children. Alexander II