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Quote Author Cited
I venture to allude to the impression which seemed generally to prevail among their brethren across the seas, that the Old Country must wake up if she intends to maintain her old position of pre-eminence in her colonial trade against foreign competitors. King George V
Only the paranoid survive. Sophia Amoruso
No nation was ever ruined by trade. Benjamin Franklin
I have long been a vocal advocate of reciprocal free trade though that position did not endear me to my own political party. And I continue to strongly believe in free and fair international trade. Al Gore
We ... are willing that you send unto us your ships and vessels, when and as often as they may have passage with good assurance on our part to see them harmless and if you send one of your Majesty's counsel to treat with us whereby your country's merchants may with all kinds of wares, and where they will make their market in our dominions, they should have their free mart with all kinds of wares to come and go at their pleasure, without any let, damage or impediment. Ivan IIV (Ivan the Terrible)
We have, immediately after our enthronement, caused a new privilege to be given to your merchants to trade directly into all our kingdoms and dominions without paying any manner of toll or custom [tax]. Boris Godunov
All merchants may enter or leave England unharmed and without fear, and may stay or travel within it, by land or water, for purposes of trade, free from all illegal exactions, in accordance with ancient and lawful customs. Magna Carta (John Lackland)
There is something so fascinating about the 1.3 billion person market in China that businessmen become irrational. They do things in China that they normally would never do…. There’s something about China that makes foreigners act irrationally. Tim Clissold
To have to claim that … workers were impoverished by globalization … you have to forget that those workers were even poorer before the new exporting jobs became available and ignore the fact that those who do not have access to the global markets are far worse than those who do. Paul Krugman
A trade war is a conflict in which each side uses most of its ammunition to shoot itself in the foot. Paul Krugman
The Americans, in the Spanish system now in place, perhaps more so than ever before, have no other place in society than that of simple consumers; even in this they are burdened with shocking restrictions, such as a ban on the cultivation of European fruit, with control of these products monopolised by the king, a prohibition on factories which not even the peninsula possesses, exclusive commercial privileges even over basic needs, and customs bans between American provinces so that they cannot trade, understand each other or negotiate Simon Bolivar
We are for Free Trade, because by Free Trade all economical laws, with their most astounding contradictions, will act upon a larger scale, upon the territory of the whole earth; and because from the uniting of all these contradictions in a single group, where they will stand face to face, will result the struggle which will itself eventuate in the emancipation of the proletariat. Karl Marx
We cannot open our markets to countries that do not open their markets to us. Nicolas Sarkozy
You can’t have free trade of others don’t play by the same set of rules that our guys play by…. Free trade works if we open our markets and they open theirs. Harold Ford, Jr.
In 1776 one-fifth of America’s trade ran through the Middle East and that trade involved, in essence, large barrels of rum from Boston in particular, which were sent out of New England to the Ottoman Empire. There it was dumped and the barrels were filled up with opium. From there, the ships went to China and they dumped the opium in China and filled it up with tea and came back to New England. Michael Oren
Exploit us, but exploit us fairly. Mohamad Mahathir
Since trade ignores national boundaries and the manufacturer insists on having the world as a market, the flag of his nation much follow him; and the doors of the nations which are closed against him must be battered down. Concessions obtained by financiers must be safeguarded by ministers of state even if the sovereignty of unwilling nations may by outraged in the process. Woodrow Wilson
Psychology, not economics, holds down public support for freer trade. Daniel Drezner
Free trade would place our farmers and workers in competition with peasant and sweated labor products. Herbert Hoover
I am not a free trader. I am not a free trader. I believe an American worker who has worked hard and played by the rules should be rewarded. I don't believe that companies who take their jobs overseas should be rewarded with tax breaks. Rosalind Kurita
Globalization is about liberalized imports and exports, which makes India export our best natural wealth and import the junk and wasted pollution of international production, including of the Western economies. Vandana Shiva
These agreements should be free trade. They aren’t free trade. Louis Uchitelle
Don't make such a big deal out of this trade deficit…. In the United States you cannot find anybody to produce such labor-intensive products and it will be more expensive if you were to import such products from other countries and the regions than China. Only China is in the best position to produce such products, and this is also beneficial to China because this has provided job opportunities to China. Zhu Rongji
I am not interested in building somebody else’s house with bricks from our foundation. Bryan L. Dorgan
Offshoring is only the latest manifestation of the gains from trade that economists have talked about at least since Adam Smith… More things are tradable than were tradable in the past, and that’s a good thing. N. Gregory Mankiw
Countries trade with one another for the same reasons that individuals, businesses, and regions do: to exploit their comparative advantages. Alan S. Blinder
Globalization has benefited middle-income less than either richer or poorer countries. Geoffrey Garrett
Nearly every one of the foreign financial crises of recent decades has led to an increase in the U. S. trade deficit. Robert Z. Albier
We Japanese are like the fish in a pond that is slowly but surely being drained of its water. Chuichi Nagumo
The countries of the Middle East have been losers in the age of globalization, out of step in an age of free markets, free trade, and democratic politics. Fareed Zakaria
The problem is, how can we help them get rich and stay rich ourselves? Clyde Prestowitz
We are not very good out keeping out things with subsidies. Richard Epstein
The European conflict shall not be continued by economic war after the military operations have ceased. British policy shall be directed toward promoting free commercial intercourse between all nations … Union of Democratic Control
I lay before you an act of the British Parliament anticipating this subject so far as to authorize a mutual abolition of the duties and countervailing duties permitted under the treaty of 1794. It shows on their part a spirit of justice and friendly accommodation which it is our duty and our interest to cultivate with all nations. Whether this would produce a due equality in the navigation between the two countries is a subject for your consideration. Thomas Jefferson
Free trade is killing the labor movement. Pat Buchanan
Slavery and tariffs. These are the only two issues where, contrary to the general spirit of the republic of the United States, law has assumed the character of plunder. Slavery is a violation, by law, of liberty. The protective tariff is a violation, by law, of property. Frederic Bastiat
When trade is at stake it is your last retrenchment; you must defend it, or perish. William Pitt the Younger
Since trade ignores national boundaries and the manufacturer insists on having the world as a market, the flag of his nation must follow him, and the doors of the nations which are closed against him must be battered down. Woodrow Wilson
In the field of economy, for instance, we … members of the developing world follow the currents of globalization, with conditions set by the rich countries, and at a speed dictated without our slightest input. Abdelouahed Belkeziz
Thank God I am not a free-trader. In this country pernicious indulgence in the doctrine of free trade seems inevitably to produce fatty degeneration of the moral fibre. Theodore Roosevelt
Globalization Theodore Levitt
You wouldn’t sell me arms. I had to buy where I could. Gamal Abdel Nasser
Not everything in the United States is for sale. Richard Shelby
China must voluntarily cut back on exports to America otherwise American politics will become unmanageable. Max Baucus
The average standard of living of the average American is going to go down. That is the only way we can cope with our debt and trade deficit problems. Jeff Faux
Tariffs, quotas and other import restrictions protect the business of the rich at the expense of high cost of living for the poor. Their intent is to deprive you of the right to choose, and to force you to buy the high-priced inferior products of politically favored companies. W. Alan Burris
One by one, trade and investment barriers will continue to be swept away by globalization, like leaves on an autumn day…The new challenge will be less to regulate relations among national economies, than to establish the rules and structures of a transnational economy. Renato Ruggiero
Foreign trade can no longer be dealt with apart from other domestic economic policies and concerns. Governments often employ trade policies less for commercial ends than to achieve other goals- economic, political, and social. Congressional Budget Office
Most globalism opposition groups believe “that the foreign trade policy- making process was undemocratic and that it elevated global concerns over domestic ones.” Non-elected bureaucrats working largely behind closed doors were responsible for setting international trade rules that affected agriculture, services, trade-related investment measures, intellectual trade in goods; and over-saw a binding international dispute settlement process with little (if any) input from the domestic citizens and groups who would be affected by these economic rules and political mechanisms. Orin Krishner
The commerce of this country is almost entirely confined to slaves Hugh Howey
Sovereignty will fall victim to the flow of people, ideas, greenhouse gases, dollars, drugs, viruses, and e-mails… Sovereign states will increasingly measure their vulnerability not to one another but to forces of globalization beyond their control. Richard N. Haas
Governments agree to accept the rulings of the World Trade Organization because, on balance, they benefit from a rules-based international trading order, even in a particular ruling impinges on their right to protect national industries. Richard N. Haas
We live in a global society today where all our cultures intermingle. Nabil Fahmy
We are in a global competitive world. And in the future it will be even more, and more, and more global. Carlos M. Gutierrez
Free Traders Anonymous
Protection to American Labor, No Free Trade for Us. America for Americans—No Free Trade Anonymous
Tariff of Abominations Anonymous
Foreigners, when they come to trade with a nations, make themselves temporary citizens, and tacitly consent to be bound by the same laws. John Adams
Increasing globalization of the world [is] … affecting the ways in which sexuality is understood, experienced, and regulated. Dennis Altman
Increasingly national boundaries are unable to contain ideas, money or even people. Dennis Altman
We're part of a global economy whether we like it or not. Gerald Baliles
… an ideology on wheels George Ball
The political boundaries of nation-states are too narrow and constricted to define the scope and activities of modern business. George Ball
[Defending agricultural subsidies:] France is the world's second-biggest exporter of agriculture products, and it must remain so. Edouard Balladur
The Fidasians are so expert in keeping their accounts, that they easily reckon as exact, and as quick by memory, as we can do with pen and ink John Bardot
A liberal economy doesn’t mean opening wide the doors for imports. Mahmoud Bazaraa
The United States is rapidly becoming a colony of Japan. Helen D. Bentley
When trade legislation seeks to protect one industry at the expense of another, then the economic well-being of everyone in this country is adversely affected. Douglas K. Bereuter
We cannot turn back the tides of globalization any more than King Knute [995-1035] could turn back the tides. Samuel R. Berger
Globalization causes job and income losses in certain sectors which exact significant psychological tolls. The government, therefore, has a responsibility to channel help from the winners to the losers. C. Fred Bergsten
We will establish trading posts throughout the world … cover the ocean with our merchant marine. Our institutions will follow the flag on the wings of commerce. Albert J. Beveridge
In revising our tariff our own interest is the only thing that can guide us. Otto Von Bismarck-Schoenhausen
It is vastly more important not to lose our own great market for our own people. James G. Blaine
Liberalization of trade barriers are essential for long-term global growth. Tony Blair
International trade is not a zero-sum game. Michael Boskin
I intend to be vehement in my enforcement of the [foreign trade] laws. We've got to stop getting rolled. Ronald H. Brown
The countries we are defending are stealing our markets. Pat Buchanan
The closest we can come to free trade is illuminating the barriers to free trade. William F. Buckley Jr.
More and more of our imports come from overseas. George W. Bush
Free trade is a two way street. George W. Bush
I never was a free-trader. I never felt that we could ... do away with all protective devices, because we would have been flooded with imports which would have hurt our economy. Prescott Bush
Whence comes this demand for tariff tinkering. Aren't all our fellows happy? Joseph Cannon
No matter how great an improvement the new tariff may be, it almost always results in the party in power losing the election. Joseph Cannon
The Japanese already own the country. Let them pick the president. Johnny Carson
What is the greatest of our common obligations? It is Imperial defense. What is the greatest of our common interests? It is Imperial trade. Joseph Chamberlain
Tariffs! There are the politics of the future. Study them closely and make yourselves masters of them. Joseph Chamberlain
Our interest, … leads us towards America whose commerce would …. furnish an ample outlet for several of our products and would bring us either merchandise of prime necessity …. Jean Baptiste Champagny
Our celestial empire possesses all things in prolific abundance and lacks no products within its own borders. There is therefore no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians. Ch'ien-lung
If we intend to have the trade of the world, … we must be in a capacity of serving all markets and all humours. Josiah Child
I am in complete solidarity with France's farm workers, and I detest McDonald's. Jacques Chirac
I am utterly opposed to anything which will alter the Free Trade character of this country. Winston Churchill
Of what do we complain? A total incapacity, produced by the foreign policy, to purchase, at any price, necessary foreign objects of consumption. Henry Clay
Globilization is here to stay. Hillary Clinton
A global economy is a fact of life .... No politician can promise to protect you from it. Bill Clinton
Globalization is the central reality of our time. Bill Clinton
… spread the benefits and shrink the burdens all across the globe. Bill Clinton
The global economy is unruly. Bill Clinton
The globalization of the economy has lifted more people out of poverty than anything else in the history of the world. Bill Clinton
The WTO [World Trade Organization] has been treated for too long like some private priesthood for experts … Bill Clinton
We have collapsed distances, taken down walls, and spread information. Bill Clinton
We must compete or retreat. Bill Clinton
Wealthy nations cannot grow richer unless they have customers beyond their border. Bill Clinton
Once NAFTA is signed, U. S. lawyers will pour across the border in search of surrogate mothers' wombs to rent for their childless clients. Sheila Copps
Cultural exchange rarely takes place on equal terms. Tyler Cowen
The Japanese sit up all night thinking of ways to screw the Americans and the Europeans. Edith Cresson
The people see the layoffs. We must also show them the payoffs of trade. William M. Daley
When you trade sometimes you lose. Danish Proverb
If we took foreign trade out of Kansas City, we'd be in total depression in 48 hours. Ilus W. Davis
The Dutch must be understood as they really are—the middle persons in trade, the factors and brokers of Europe. They buy and sell again, take in to send out, and the greatest part of their vast commerce consists in being supplied from all parts of the world, that they may supply all parts again. Daniel Defoe
America has a right to demand that the world’s markets are open to our products … Democratic Party
Protecting the automobile industry has always been a very difficult and very necessary task that I have had to undertake. John Dingell
Unfair foreign trade practices are not isolated acts. John Dingell
Local and national politics have now become irretrievably global because their economies are locked into the global system. E. J. Dionne Jr.
Free trade is not a principle, it is an expedient. Benjamin Disraeli
Can we not now move to getting a more descriptive name other than " free trade ", such as "Canada's massively bigger market place. Gerald Doucet
No one wants to return to the old protectionism, but we need to protect our own…. We are committed to the unrestricted defense of national interests. Eduardo Duhalde
Unilateral sanctions simply don’t work. They penalize our own people. Jennifer Dunn
Do all that … the increase of trade should require. Dutch East India Company
You cannot buy an American telephone, TV set or VCR. This is a part of America that has gone abroad and will never come back again. Barbara Easterling
From Abraham Lincoln in 1860 to Alf Landon in 1936, every Republican Presidential candidate ran on a platform endorsing high protective tariffs. Alfred E. Eckes Jr.
The way to conquer the foreign artisan, is not to kill him, but to beat his work. Ralph Waldo Emerson
I don't think we should sell out the American worker. That's why I am opposed to NAFTA. Eliot Engel
We must have a national tariff policy. Charles Isiah Faddis
By definition, by reducing our trade deficit we will be hurting consumers. Consumers are always better off with a trade deficit. James Fallows
I don't think any of us ran for the United States Senate to preside over the lowering of the American standard of living. Dianne Feinstein
Protectionism is the fool's gold of American politics. Paul Gigot
We're now married to the world. But we keep acting like we're on a big date. Newt Gingrich
The British government should use every kind of cheating that other governments use to promote their products. Wynne Godley
We always looked on Akassa as being as safe as Picadilly. George Goldie
How do you get governments to stop using child labor? Moral arguments work with moral people—and then you better have some economic incentives. Bill Goold
It is a national humiliation that we are now compelled to pay from twenty to thirty million dollars annually to foreigners for doing the work which should be done by American vessels, American built, American owned, and American manned. This is a direct drain upon the resources of the country of just so much money; equal to casting it into the sea, so far as this nation is concerned. Ulysses S. Grant
In 200 years when the United States will get all that it can from protectionism, it too will adopt free trade. Ulysses S. Grant
I am ferociously protectionist. I am not the man you need. Horace Greeley
By manipulating its money values, a government could win large markets overseas for its exporters and thus create satisfaction at home with expanding production and employment. William Greider
No nation can control its own destiny. They are played off against each other in the global economy. William Greider
The arguments for protection are more easily made attractive than those for free trade. Edward Grey; Viscount Fallodon
People would meet in darkness behind closed doors. It was almost that they seemed ashamed at what they were doing. Vincente Fox
There is not going to be a border . There will be a free movement of people just like the free movement of goods. Vincente Fox
The popular notion is that imports are bad and exports are good. Jeffrey Frankel
Globalization tends to turn all friends and enemies into competitors. Thomas Friedman
Our people may need … a lesson to cure them of British influence and the mania of British commerce. Albert Gallatin
I believe the Japanese set ceilings on what they will buy from foreign companies. Robert Galvin
It is the duty of the Government to spare no opportunity of opening fresh outlets for the energy of British commerce and enterprise. Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil; 3rd Marquess Salisbury
Demanding freedom of access to other markets isn't protectionism, it's free trade. Richard A. Gephardt
It's the nation that's at risk, not just Oklahoma or Pennsylvania. It's the whole country that's competing with Korea, Germany and Japan. Chester E. Finn Jr.
In this city [London], merchants from all nations under heaven reside, for the sake of trade. William Fitz-Stephen
We need some economists to say that [trade] protectionism is not as dangerous as most economists seem to think it is. Marlin Fitzwater
Freedom of speech and exchange of information are not just luxuries; they are the currency on which global commerce, politics, and culture increasingly depend. David Hoffman
Trade will increase trade, and money will beget money, and the trading world will need no more to want work for their hands, but will rather want hands for their work. John Holland
How can you have free trade when you don't even have a free government? Ernest F. Hollings
Our nation has moved from the cold war to the trade war. Ernest F. Hollings
The whole experience of the last 20 years of government trading in commodities, credit and shipping has demonstrated that it is alive with international friction and threats to peace …. The long view should be to restore international trade to free enterprise. Herbert Hoover; Hugh Gibson
Were our narrow and malignant politics [protectionism] to meet with success, we should reduce all our neighboring nations to the same state of sloth and ignorance that prevails in Morocco and the coast of Barbary. David Hume
The increase of riches and commerce and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbors. David Hume
A congressman would rather be called a pervert than a protectionist right now. And he'd probably get better treatment from the press if he was. Lee Iacocca
Demanding reciprocity from our trade partners, and retaliating if we don't get it, doesn't undermine free trade, it defends free trade. Lee Iacocca
We are in a downhill slide, the likes of which we have never seen in our business. And the Japs are in the wings ready to eat us up alive. Lee Iacocca
We're the only dinosaurs left who maintain that the myth of "free trade" really exists. Lee Iacocca
Let's not build a wall around ourselves just when they're coming down all over the world. Lee Iacocca
Imported prayer beads—how they are bankrupting local merchants. M. Ali Ibrahim
Immediate restrictions must be introduced to drastically reduce imports. We waste millions of dollars on provocative imported commodities, like dog food, nuts, and ice cream. M. Ali Ibrahim
Globalization is a harsh god. David Ignatius
Depart immediately and dare not anchor! Japan
Revenue on the consumption of foreign articles is paid chiefly by those who can afford to add foreign luxuries to domestic comforts, being collected on our seaboard and frontiers only. Thomas Jefferson
I hope every good citizen will never again purchase any article of foreign manufacture which can be had of American make be the difference in price what it may. Thomas Jefferson
There is on the globe one single spot, the possessor of which is our natural and habitual enemy. It is New Orleans through which the produce of three eighths of our territory must pass. Thomas Jefferson
I would say to every nation on earth, by treaty, your people shall trade freely with us, and ours with you ... Thomas Jefferson
Market expansion is not an opportunity. It is a necessity. Andrew J. Bacevich
Free trade, one of the greatest blessings which a government can confer on a people, is in almost every country unpopular. Thomas Babington Macaulay
It might be, gentlemen, that the lion and the lamb would be down together, but ... the lamb would be inside the lion. John Alexander Macdonald
Protectionism is a monster ... the essence of human injustice. It is the acme of human selfishness. It is one of the relics of barbarism. Alexander Mackenzie
Many farmers drive pickup trucks ... from Japan .... you refuse to accept their rice in payment for your trucks. Edward Madigan
[We must] teach the advocates for an open trade the folly as well as degradation of their policy. James Madison
… what is called free trade, foolishly by some and wickedly by others. James Madison
It can never be admitted that the trade of a neutral nation in articles not contraband, can be legally obstructed to any place not actually blockaded. James Madison
Supplies of the most essential kinds find their way not only to British ports and British armies at a distance, but the armies in our neighborhood with which our own are contending derive from our ports and outlets a subsistence attainable if at all from other sources. James Madison
There has always been a temptation, at times of economic difficulty, to turn inward and put up the shutters. That is when we need free trade most. John Major
Tariff policy is no longer a question of raising revenue or protecting domestic manufacturing. It is the executive's instrument of foreign policy. John F. Manley
You can't stop globalization any more than you can stop computers. Mary Matalin
It's not just free trade verses protectionism any longer, you've got the concepts of managed trade and reciprocity, and environmental issues. Robert Matsui
The system turns everything into a commodity …. The WTO is a tool that the system is using to remove limits Gerald McEntee
Free trade will bring widespread discontent. It will revolutionize values. It will take away more than one half the earning capacity of brain and brawn. William McKinley
I am a tariff man standing on a tariff platform. William McKinley
We want a foreign market for our surplus products. William McKinley
NAFTA has dramatically improved our economy and that of our neighbors as well. Mack McLarty
In order to have the benefits of free trade, you must have full employment in the trading countries. Walter Russell Mead
There are no islands anymore Edna St. Vincent Millay
Every organized human society has sought to manipulate trade to its advantage. George J. Mitchell
Are we really going to let the world become a global market without any laws except those of the jungle? Francois Mitterrand
The issues are too complicated for government leaders to discuss, and too important for bureaucrats. Kiichi Miyazawa
… the most disastrous and the most false of fiscal inventions. Francois Nicolas Mollien
We ought not to depend in the degree we have done on supplies from other countries James Monroe
Trade, in and of itself, is not going to solve all the world’s evils. Mike Moore
You cannot close down free trade. What you've got to do is open up markets. Robert Mosbacher
Can you have a free trade agreement with a country that isn't free? Daniel P. Moynihan
Modern competition is often described as a fight of all against all. Jerry Z. Muller
When you lower trade barriers and level the playing field, you create a mutual pool of wealth. Brian Mulroney
Free trade with the Americans …. is like sleeping with an elephant … If the elephant twitches and rolls over on you, you're dead. Brian Mulroney
I've always been a free trader. I trade freely on Bond street, Rodeo Drive, Fifth Avenue, Worth Avenue. Mila Mulroney
Perhaps the globalization potion is too strong for us today; it should be watered down with some measure of economic nationalism. Mirko Lauer
I denounce the policy of protection as bondage. Wilfrid Laurier
Geo-economics may replace geo-politics as the driving force in international relations. James Madison Leach
If you are going to be a part of this global market, you had better be able to defend yourself from this market. Chuan Leekpai
May our exports be so great, and our imports so small, that the balance of trade may be in our favor. John Leland; Jack Nipps
Until we get a definite national policy decided on in favor of industrial and agricultural protection, and an executive in office prepared to enforce that policy, it is useless to hope for results. Sean Francis Lemass
A protective tariff would be collected only from those whose pride, whose abundance of means, prompts them to spurn manufacturers of our own country ... Abraham Lincoln
Abandonment of the protective policy [tariffs] ... must result in the increase in ... idleness, and so, in proportion, must produce want and ruin among our people. Abraham Lincoln
Protection to American Industry Abraham Lincoln
Of all the powers on the face of the earth America is the one whose increasing population and immense territory furnish the best prospect for British produce and manufactures. Robert Banks Jenkinson Liverpool
We have failed to restore Russia to sanity by force. I believe we can save her by trade. Commerce has a sobering influence .... Trade, in my opinion, will bring an end to the ferocity, the rapine, and the crudity of Bolshevism surer than any other method. David Lloyd George
The key to our economic prosperity depends on increasing our contacts with Asian traders. Gary Locke
Protect and foster American industries … Democrats are willing to risk our manufacturing interests in the face of the starving hordes of pauper labor in other countries. Belva Lockwood
To protect our own great industries ... it is necessary to make some sacrifices. Henry Cabot Lodge
The country is as strong abroad only as it's strong at home. John F. Kennedy
Disputes follow trade. That is a fact of life Michael Robert Emanuel Kerr
[American military and diplomatic] aid and protection is apt to be given to any American interest that is financially powerful enough ... no matter whether it be a legitimate interest or, as has so often been the case, a claim for spoils resulting from a fraudulent concession or monopoly worked through by the aid of corrupt and heavily bribed [local] officials. William Kimball
How [can] 9 million people enter into such arrangements as are proposed with 90 million strangers on an open frontier of 4 thousand miles and at the same time preserve their national integrity?.... It is her own soul Canada risks today. Once that soul is pawned for any consideration Canada must inevitably conform to the commercial, legal, financial, social, and ethical standards which will be imposed upon her by the sheer admitted weight of the United States. Rudyard Kipling
Resolved, that whoever shall aid or abet, or in any manner assist, in the introduction of tea from any place whatsoever, into this colony, while it is subject, by a British Act of Parliament, to the payment of a duty, for the purpose of raising a revenue in America, he shall be deemed an enemy to the liberties of America. Association of the Sons of Liberty of New York
Free trade is not just an economic opportunity, it is a moral imperative: George W. Bush
The British Empire (with the exception of a very short period in the 1930s) was a free trade empire, unlike all the other great empires of the world …. Anyone could trade with the British Empire. David Cannadine
Sieur de Monts desired to attempt what had been given up in despair, and requested a commission for this purpose of his Majesty, being satisfied that the previous enterprises had failed because the undertakers of them had not received assistance … He proposed to his Majesty a means for covering these expenses, without drawing any thing from the royal revenues; viz., by granting to him the monopoly of the fur-trade in this land Samuel de Champlain
They [the Dutch] have in their greatest Councils of State and War, trading Merchants that have lived abroad in most parts of the World; who have not only the Theoretical Knowledge, but the Practical Experience of Trade, by whom Laws and Orders are contrived, and Peaces with foreign Princes projected, to the great advantage of their Trade. Josiah Child
The best way to become wealthy is through trade Chinese Proverb
We have not addressed the effects of global economics where we are the only free traders in town. Hillary Clinton
The greatness of the British nation is not owing to war and conquests, to enlarging its dominions by the sword, or subjecting the people of other countries to our power; but it is allowing to trade, to the increase of our commerce at home, and the extending it abroad. Daniel Defoe
We are the greatest trading country in the world because we have the greatest exportation of the growth and product of our land and of the manufacture and labor of our people; and the greatest importation and consumption of the growth, product, and manufactures of other countries from abroad, of any nation in the world. Daniel Defoe
No foreign commodity that comes into England comes without payment of custom once, twice, or thrice, before it come into the realm, and so all foreign commodities become dearer to the subjects of this realm Richard Hakluyt
It has pleased us to promise and assure him that none of our subjects but himself [Sieur de Monts] shall be permitted to trade in pelts and other merchandise, for the period of one year only, in the lands, regions, harbors, rivers, and highways throughout the extent of his jurisdiction: Henry of Navarre; Henry IV
We knowing the prosperity of these countries, and the welfare of their inhabitants depends principally on navigation and trade … Holland
It is easy to observe, that all calculations concerning the balance of trade are founded on very uncertain facts and suppositions. David Hume
Complaints have been received that persons residing within the United States have taken on themselves to arm merchant vessels and to force a commerce into certain ports and countries in defiance of the laws of those countries. That individuals should undertake to wage private war, independently of the authority of their country, can not be permitted in a well-ordered society. Thomas Jefferson
A Merchant may gain where the Nation loses. John Law
We will seek to eliminate scandalous agricultural subsidies which developed nations have that harms our own agriculture. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
Wee must ever observe this rule; to sell more to strangers yearly than wee consume of theirs in value Thomas Mun
We see a small number of countries getting rich at the cost of impoverishment of a large number of other countries. John Paul II; Giovanni Battista Montini
We must creep before we can walk. Protect the manufacturers for the present, and in a little time, they will protect themselves and us. They have the potential of releasing us from our dependence on foreigners and quieting their intrigues. Hezekiah Niles
Chinese workers making $1000 a year have been helping American designers, marketers, engineers, and retailers making $1000 a week, and up, earn even more. James Fallows
No organization has ever been more effective at preventing conflict than NATO. Warren Christopher
We will export more to Latin America than Europe in the next 10 years, and we already export more to Asia than to Europe. That was unthinkable 30 years ago. Robert E. Rubin
Our dynasty’s majestic virtue has penetrated into every country under Heaven …. I set no value on objects strange or ingenious and have no use for your country’s manufacturers. Qianlong
We will upon no pretense whatsoever, either upon our own account or on commission, import into this province any of the manufactures of Great Britain, or any other European or East India goods, either from Great Britain, Holland, or any other place, other than such as may have been shipped in consequence of former orders; excepting only Negro cloth, commonly called white and coloured plains, not exceeding one shilling and six pence sterling per yard, canvas, bolting cloths, drugs and family medicines, plantation and workmen's tools, nails, firearms, bar steel, gunpowder, shot, lead, flints, wire cards and card-wire, mill and grindstones, fishhooks, printed books and pamphlets, salt, coals, and saltpeter and exclusive of these articles, we do solemnly promise and declare that we will immediately countermand all orders to our correspondents in Great Britain for shipping any such goods and merchandise South Carolina
In a trading nation, the bent of all the laws should tend to the encouragement of commerce, and all measures should be there taken, with a due regard to its interest and advancement. Charles D'Avenant
Considering our luxury, and our great expense of foreign wares here at home, we could not have grown rich without other dealings in the world. Charles D'Avenant
Merchants shall not be compelled to buy or sell any kind of goods but such as they shall think proper: and may buy and sell all sorts of merchandise but such as are prohibited to the other Christian nations. United States; Morocco
When any legal cause of action arises between foreign merchants, it shall not be heard by any of our judges, but by their own, and it shall be decided according to their own laws Visgoths
Unfettered free trade has been a disaster not only for Americans but for the working people of Mexico and Canada as well. Bernie Sanders
Trade never balances. It hasn’t since 1776. Walter Wriston
Europe has about eighty steamships hugging the African coast the year round, yet our country cannot find employment for one. Henry M. Turner
Free tariff or no tariff would close up our manufactories by the scores. Henry M. Turner
Experience has shown that the trade of the East is the key to national wealth and influence. Chester A. Arthur
We can’t be a scofflaw. It helps us to get others to follow the rules if we follow the rules. Robert Zoellick
We are willing to open markets and cut our subsidies if others will, but we won’t do it alone. Robert Zoellick
After so many historical illustrations of the evil effects of abandoning the policy of protection for that of a revenue tariff, we are again confronted by the suggestion that the principle of protection shall be eliminated from our tariff legislation. Have we not had enough of such experiments? Benjamin Harrison
it was impossible for the Ethiopians to buy silk from the Indians, for the Persian merchants always locate themselves at the very harbors where the Indian ships first put in (since they inhabit the adjoining country), and are accustomed to buy the whole cargoes. Procopius of Caesarea
We want and command that all merchants of our lands, as well as merchants of other lands who are within our peace, together with their merchandise, who are coming to the said city, delaying there, or departing from there, shall have the liberty to come, remain and depart, both by water and bridges as by land, and that they shall be free in entering and exiting our land, without any impediment from our bailiffs or those of any other lord, as long as they shall hold to the required and correct customs. Henry III
Our international trade relations, though vastly important, are in point of time and necessity, secondary to the establishment of a sound national economy. I favor as a practical policy the putting of first things first. Franklin D. Roosevelt
It has been proved again and again that we cannot, while throwing our markets open to the world, maintain American standards of living and opportunity, and hold our industrial eminence in such unequal competition. There is a luring fallacy in the theory of banished barriers of trade, but preserved American standards require our higher production costs to be reflected in our tariffs on imports. Warren G. Harding
A tariff which cuts us off from our proper part in the commerce of the world, violates the just principles of taxation, and makes the Government a facile instrument in the hand of private interests; Woodrow Wilson
The commerce of the Europeans with China appears to be as simple, perhaps, as any in the known world. The Danes, Spaniards, Imperialists, Swedes, French, English, and Dutch, have regular establishments at Canton, and trade by companies. The Portuguese, although they are in possession of Macao, do not, in the manner of the other nations, keep a public establishment, but carry on their trade by agents sent from Europe who also return in the ships. Samuel Shaw
Trade will increase trade, and money will beget money, and the trading world shall need no more to want work for their hands, but will rather want hands for their work William Paterson
There is nothing inconsistent between standing up for free trade and standing up for American workers. Barack Obama
Experience has shown that the trade of the East is the key to national wealth and influence. Chester A. Arthur
It’s much better than shutting down trade to help people adjust to the effects of trade. Ben Bernanke
Global economic growth significantly increases with the growth of the world’s economic freedom. Ian Vasquez
Free trade economists have to explain how free trade can be an explanation for the economic success of today’s rich countries, when it simply had not been practiced very much before they became rich. Ha-Joon Chang
The foreigners are like fish in the stew pan. For 40 years have I lain on brushwood and eaten bitterness because of them Tzu-Hsi
The agreement [Bretton Woods] will enthrone a world dictatorship of private finance more complete and terrible than the Hitlerite dream. It offers no solution of world problems, but quite blatantly sets up controls which will reduce the smaller nations to vassal states and make every government the mouthpiece and tool of International Finance. It will undermine and destroy the democratic institutions of this country - in fact as effectively as ever the Fascist forces could have done -- pervert and paganise our Christian ideals; and will undoubtedly present a new menace, endangering world peace. World collaboration of private financial interests can only mean mass unemployment, slavery, misery, degradation and financial destruction. Therefore, as freedom loving Australians we should reject this infamous proposal. Edward John Ward
Slavery is the first form of Globalization in which America participated. Edward L. Ayers
We find that your country is sixty or seventy thousand li from China. Yet there are barbarian ships that strive to come here for trade for the purpose of making a great profit. The wealth of China is used to profit the barbarians. That is to say, the great profit made by barbarians is all taken from the rightful share of China. By what right do they then in return use the poisonous drug to injure the Chinese people? Even though the barbarians may not necessarily intend to do us harm, yet in coveting profit to an extreme, they have no regard for injuring others. Let us ask, where is your conscience? Lin Zexu
By experience you should be well aware that in the Indies trade has to be pursued and maintained under the protection of one's own arms and that the weapons must be financed through the profits so earned by trade. In short, trade without war or war without trade cannot be maintained. Jan Pietersz Coen
Without this trade, it would have been and will always be, utterly impossible for the inhabitants of this colony to subsist themselves, or to pay for any considerable quantity of British goods Stephen Hopkins
U. S. troops keep European markets open to us. If those troops weren't there, those markets would probably be more difficult to access. Alexander Haig
Merchants throughout the world have the same religion. Heinrich Heine
Tough trade policies make good political fodder back home. Joel Hefley
We want to export our products but not our jobs. Deborah Stabinow
Petitions poured in upon Congress urging the imposition of discriminating duties that should encourage the production of needed things at home. Benjamin Harrison
I would rather have indissoluble ties of righteous trade promote international friendship than all the compacts ever written in the world. Warren G. Harding
We know full well we cannot sell where we do not buy and we cannot sell successfully where we do not carry. Warren G. Harding
The United States should adopt a protective tariff of such a character as will help the struggling industries of Europe to get on their feet. Warren G. Harding
The spirit of commerce has a tendency to soften the manners of men and to extinguish those inflammable humors which have so often kindled into wars. Alexander Hamilton
By the year 2000, sixteen million Americans will have jobs directly supported by exports. On the average, these jobs pay 13 to 16 percent better than other jobs in our economy. Mickey Kantor
Those who whine incessantly and maintain the romantic notion of a self-contained market speak against the interests of American workers and a growing standard of living. They are trafficking in fear and promoting ignorance while advancing their own political ambitions. No great nation has ever increased its worth over time by closing its markets. In fact, history is replete with examples of closed markets leading to destructive economic consequences. Mickey Kantor
The thing that we have to worry about is this protectionist movement that has reared its head again in this country Michael Bloomberg
If any citizen or citizens of the United States, or person inhabiting the same, shall transport or attempt to transport, over land or otherwise, in any wagon, cart, sleigh, boat, or otherwise, naval or military stores, arms or the munitions of war, or any article of provision, from any place of the United States, to any place in Upper or Lower Canada, Nova Scotia or New Brunswick the wagon, cart, sleigh, boat, or the thing by-which the said naval or military stores, arms, or munitions of war or articles of provision are transported or attempted to be transported, together with such naval or military stores, army munitions of war or provisions, shall be forfeited to the use of the United States, and the person or persons aiding or privy to the same shall severally forfeit and pay to the use of the United States a sum equal in value to the wagon, cart, sleigh, boat, or thing by which the said naval or military stores, arms, or munitions of war or articles of provision, are transported, or are attempted to be transported; and shall moreover be considered as guilty of a misdemeanor, and be liable to be Sued in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, and imprisoned for a tern not exceeding six months, in the discretion of the court United States Congress
No citizen or citizens of the United States, or any other person, shall, … either as master, factor, or owner, build, fit, equip, load or otherwise prepare any ship or vessel, in any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States, nor shall cause any ship or vessel to sail from any port or place within the same, for the purpose of procuring any negro, mulatto, or person of color, from any foreign kingdom, place, or country, to be transported to any port or place whatsoever, within the jurisdiction of the United States, to be held, sold, or disposed of as slaves, or to be held to service or labor: and if any ship or vessel shall be so fitted out for the purpose aforesaid, or shall be caused to sail so as aforesaid, every such ship or vessel, her tackle, apparel, and furniture, shall be forfeited to the United States United States Congress
I forbid any one to sell a man beyond the limits of the country, under penalty of a fine in full to me. William I
We have quit discussing the tariff, and have turned our attention to getting trade wherever it can be found. William McKinley
Commerce is a teacher and a pacificator. It gives mankind knowledge one of another. Reciprocity of trade promotes reciprocity of friendship. Good trade insures good will. … and wherever we secure just and fair commercial relations with other nations, we are sure to have with them friendly political relations. William McKinley
No subject can better engage our attention than the promotion of trade and commerce at home and abroad. Domestic conditions are sure to be improved by larger exchanges with the nations of the world. We are already reaching out with good results. Our surplus products of agriculture and manufacture are finding a foreign market, and in the latter case to a degree which would not have been believed possible a quarter of a century ago. We have made wonderful progress in this direction, and have only just begun. Our manufactured products go to every nation of the world, and I hope the time may be not far distant when our ships, under the Stars and Stripes, will be on every sea where commerce is carried and the wants of mankind are to be supplied. William McKinley
Abolish all monopolies of agricultural produce, or of every other articles whatsoevader, adeas well as all permits from the local governors, either for the purchase of any article, or for its removal from one place to another when purchased, any attempt to compel the citizens of the United States of America to receive such "permits" from the local governors shall be considered as an infraction of this treaty, and the Sublime Porte shall immediately punish with severity any viziers, or other officers, who shall have been guilty of such misconduct, and shall render full justice to citizens of the United States of America for all losses or injuries which they may duly prove themselves to have suffered thereby. Ottoman Empire; United States; Turkey
The citizens of the United States residing in the Argentine Confederation, and the citizens of the Argentine Confederation residing in the United States, shall be exempted from all compulsory military service whatsoever, whether by sea or by land, and from all forced loans, requisitions or military exactions; and they shall not be compelled, under any pretext whatever, to pay any ordinary charges, requisitions or taxes, greater than those that are paid by native Citizens of the contracting parties respectively. Argentina; United States
There shall be between all the territories of the United States and all the territories of the Argentine Confederation a reciprocal freedom of commerce. The citizens of the two countries, respectively, shall have liberty, freely and securely, to come with their ships and cargoes to all places, ports and rivers in the territories of either, to which other foreigners, or the ships or cargoes of any other foreign nation or State, are, or may be, permitted to come; to enter into the same, and to remain and reside In any part thereof, respectively; to hire and occupy houses and warehouses, for the purposes of their residence and commerce; to trade in all kinds of produce, manufactures and merchandise of lawful commerce; and generally to enjoy, in all their business, the most complete protection and security, subject to the general laws and usages of the two countries respectively. In like manner, the respective ships of war, and post-office or passenger packets of the two countries, shall have liberty, freely and securely, to come to all harbors, rivers and places to which other foreign ships of war and packets are, or may be, permitted to come; to enter into the same to anchor and remain there and refit, subject always to the laws and usages of the two countries respectively. Argentina; United States
It is my painful duty to state that in one quarter of the United States opposition to the revenue laws has arisen to a height which threatens to thwart their execution, if not to endanger the integrity of the Union. Whatever obstructions may be thrown in the way of the judicial authorities of the General Government, it is hoped they will be able peaceably to overcome them by the prudence of their own officers and the patriotism of the people. Andrew Jackson
No interest can divide two peoples connected only over vast tracts of sea; the relations of commerce will form a chain which, if not eternal, will be of long duration. Comte de Vergennes; Charles Gravier
It must become a nation of free traders, which would throw open its ports to the world, and prove to European nations that the colonial system of restriction and monopoly was founded on delusion Anne Robert Jacques Turgot
Globalization today is a globalization of markets, not a globalization of democracy. Jacques Attali
Nothing has ever been made plainer at a general election than that the controlling principle in the raising of revenue from duties on imports is zealous care for American interests and American labor. The people have declared that such legislation should be had as will give ample protection and encouragement to the industries and the development of our country. William McKinley
Practical and obvious interests of all the capitalistic powers have demanded the development, consolidation and expansion of trade with Russia. Vladimir Lenin
The effect of international free trade, aided by the facilities of the credit system, … is to centralize wealth in a few large cities, such as New York, Paris and London; and of social free trade to aggregate wealth in a few hands in those cities…. But the worst effect of free trade is, that it begets centers of opinion, thought and fashions, robs men of their nationality, and impairs their patriotism by teaching them to ape foreign manners, affect foreign dress and opinions, and despise what is domestic George Fitzhugh
Globalization punctures borders. Charles A. Kupchan
Our foreign trade provides more direct employment in the U.S. than the combined total of the textile industry including wearing apparel, the auto industry, the chemical industry and the steel industry. It is true, of course, that some harm is done by foreign trade to our small industries, particularly where certain competitive goods come into our country from nations where cheap labor is available. Yet we must recognize that it would be a mistake to do away with the exchange of goods and services which keep so many people employed. There is no doubt that at this point there is very much greater need for pushing the whole program of the International Labor Organization. The sooner labor costs can be brought into closer relationship in the various countries of the world, the better it will be for our own trade situation. Eleanor Roosevelt
Ireland has never recovered from Britain's nineteenth century "free trade" rule. Paul Gallagher
We Americans have always believed in freedom of opportunity, and equality of opportunity remains one of the principal objectives of our national life. What we believe in for individuals, we believe in also for nations. We are opposed to restrictions, whether by public act or private arrangement, which distort and impair commerce, transit and trade. We have house cleaning of our own to do in this regard. But it is our hope, not only in the interest of our own prosperity but in the interest of the prosperity of the world, that trade and commerce and access to materials and markets may be freer after this war than ever before in the history of the world. Franklin D. Roosevelt
I don't know of a single foreign product that enters this country untaxed except the answer to prayer Mark Twain
Captain Elliot seems to have wholly disregarded the instructions which had been sent to him, and even when, by the entire success of the operations of the Fleet, he was in a condition to dictate his own terms, he seems to have agreed to very inadequate conditions. The amount of compensation for the opium surrendered falls short of the value of that opium, and nothing has been obtained for the expenses of the expedition, nor for the debts of the bankrupt Hong merchants. The securities which the plenipotentiaries were expressly ordered to obtain for British residents in China have been abandoned; and the Island of Chusan which they were specifically informed was to be retained till the whole of the pecuniary compensation should have been paid, has been hastily and discreditably evacuated. Henry John Temple
When commerce with Moslems flourished, zeal for their massacre declined [Among Christians]. Barbara Tuchman
Trade is the natural enemy of all violent passions. Trade loves moderation, delights in compromise, and is most careful to avoid anger. It is patient, supple, and insinuating, only resorting to extreme measures in cases of absolute necessity. Trade makes men independent of one another and gives them a high idea of their personal importance: it leads them to want to manage their own affairs and teaches them to succeed therein. Hence it makes them inclined to liberty but disinclined to revolution. Alexis de Tocqueville
No one likes to see redundancies at home at the same time as he sees a surge of imports from abroad. The temptation to succumb to political pressure, to make a special case or to give respite is often overwhelming. But to do so, except in response to clearly unfair trading practices, is to court disaster. The temporary measure frequently becomes the permanent fixture and the special case, a precedent for more. And by shielding industry from fair competition in the short-term, long term decline is guaranteed. Norman Tebbit
Generations of tradition and hard work are required to form a nation of traders. Alexander Telford Waugh
When you export unprocessed goods, in simple words, you are exporting jobs, taxes, and other key economic opportunities... it is high time we stopped this outdated trade system. Frederick Tluway Sumaye
American policymakers have a choice to make in trade relations with China. They can side with the importers and outsourcers, and stand by passively as China takes advantage of its WTO membership and access to the U.S. market, abusing its own workers and artificially undervaluing its currency in order to undercut American workers and domestic manufacturers. Or they can take a stand for American jobs and act now to ensure that China plays fair in the global economy. Thea M. Lee
The experience of our unions and our members with past trade agreements has led us to question critically the extravagant claims often made on their behalf. While these agreements are inevitably touted as market-opening agreements that will significantly expand U.S. export opportunities and therefore create export-related U.S. jobs Thea M. Lee
If policymakers in the developed countries do not take note of the social disruption and inequalities generated by current trade and investment policies, then these policies will be replaced by ad hoc responses unlikely to be much of an improvement. If progressive and internationally minded people do not address the issue of trade policy, then xenophobic and isolationist alternatives will prevail. Thea M. Lee
Mercantile jealousy is excited, and both inflames, and is itself inflamed, by the violence of national animosity:.. Adam Smith
It pains to see that some investors are importing raw commodities, although just on their door steps, similar produces are left to decay. Ali Mohamed Shein
What must be the character of that policy, which aims at national prosperity through the impoverishment of a large proportion of the home producers, with a view to supply foreigners at a cheaper rate, and give them all the benefit of the national privation and self denial? Jean-Baptiste Say
Free trade is fundamentally a religious belief of its supporters. Pat Buchanan
I am in favor of helping the prosperity of all countries because, when we are all prosperous, the trade of each becomes more valuable to the other. William Howard Taft
Free markets work better when information is available. Lee H. Hamilton
We must understand that ties of trade bind nations in closest intimacy, and none may receive except as he gives. Warren G. Harding
It has been proven again and again that we cannot, while throwing our markets open to the world, maintain American standards of living and opportunity and hold our industrial eminence in such unequal competition. There is a luring fallacy in the theory of banished barriers of trade, but preserved American standards require our higher production costs to be reflected in our tariffs on imports. Warren G. Harding
Free trade: certainly the interest of nations, but by no means the interest of certain towns and districts, which tariff feeds fat; and the eager interest of the few overpowers the apathetic general conviction of the many. Ralph Waldo Emerson
Our self-imposed isolation in the matter of markets, and the decline of our shipping interest in the last thirty years, have coincided singularly with an actual remoteness of this continent from the life of the rest of the world. Alfred Thayer Mahan
For the past quarter of a century, the predominant idea, which has successfully asserted itself at the polls and shaped the course of the government, has been to preserve the home market for the home industries. The employer and the workman have alike been taught to look at the various economical measures proposed from this point of view, to regard with hostility any step favoring the intrusion of the foreign producer upon their own domain, and rather to demand increasingly rigorous measures of exclusion than to acquiesce in any loosening of the chain that binds the consumer to them. Alfred Thayer Mahan
The industrial competition of China would be incomparably more dangerous to Western civilization than that of any other nation, not only because of its multiformity, but also because it is a competition to which nature has set no climatic limits. Thrifty and patient and cunning as Jews, the Chinese can accommodate themselves to any climate and to any environment….. Once China has been penetrated by the forces of Western civilization, her population will begin to display new activities, and to expand in all possible directions. Chinese competition will have to be faced, probably, very much sooner than had been expected. Lafcadio Hearn
When America was first made known to Europe, the part assumed by France on the borders of that new world was peculiar, and is little recognized. While the Spaniard roamed sea and land, burning for achievement, red-hot with bigotry and avarice, and while England, with soberer steps and a less dazzling result, followed in the path of discovery and gold-hunting, it was from France that those barbarous shores first learned to serve the ends of peaceful commercial industry. Francis Parkman
If a foreign country can make a good cheaper than we can better buy it from them. Adam Smith
Will the shutting out of foreign goods increase the total amount of wealth in this country? Can foreign nations grow rich at our expense by selling us goods under cost price? Can a people tax themselves into prosperity? Can a man stand in a bucket and lift himself up by the handle? Winston Churchill
… the time is come when a removal of the restrictions upon the importation of food cannot be successfully resisted. Should this be Sir Robert's own opinion, the Queen very much hopes that none of his colleagues will prevent him from doing what it is right to do. Queen Victoria
Democracy and capitalism have both been hacked. Al Gore
The laws of trade must be the great teacher. Charles Francis Adams II
China has become the export destination of preference for most of the world. Jacob A. Frenkel
The Empire is built up on free trade... your Empire is founded on the condition, and it could not have existed until now except on that condition, that every self-governing part of it shall have the right to work out its own prosperity by its own methods. Archibald Philip Primrose Rosebery
Under a system of free trade every branch of industry did not prosper. Archibald Philip Primrose Rosebery
Open the book of universal history at what period we may, it is always the India trade which is the cause of internal industry and foreign negotiation. William Winwood Reade
This age of globalization is marked by the adoption of universal principles governing such matters as democracy, human rights, trade and development. Laisenia Qarase
The development of science has produced an industrial revolution which has brought different peoples in such close contact with one another through colonization and commerce that no matter how some nations may still look down upon others, no country can harbor the illusion that its career is decided wholly within itself. John Dewey
Those Asians who come back with their MBA from America don’t come back to fight with each other. They come back to trade with each other. Kishore Mahbubani
Mercantilism is based upon the idea that a nation's wealth and security depend upon its ability to regulate and control its external trade at the expense of others. Peter Dicken
I ask you to protect the rights and interests of labor generally in the first place, by allowing no free imports from countries which meet you with countervailing duties; and, in the second place, with respect to agricultural produce, to compensate the soil for the burdens from which other classes are free by an equivalent duty. This is my view of what is called "protection. Benjamin Disraeli
Whenever Canada moves to protect its own industries and people, it is subjected to violent attacks in the U.S. Congress and to threats of economic retaliation. Judy LaMarsh
If trade were completely free, production would only take place under the most suitable conditions. Ludwig von Mises
Belief in the panacea-like qualities of free trade amounts to ‘collective insanity’. David Suzuki
International borders are as uninteresting to large business as the equator. William Coffin
I personally do not believe in protection mechanisms. It’s like a false friend. It makes you believe that you can compete, but you can’t compete and as the protection mechanisms fall away—the world is going for this—then you are in trouble. Bodo Donaur
1 in every 5 dollars that Washington [the United States] earns from arms exports is actually paid for by U. S. taxpayers. Lawrence Korb
Controlling 77 percent of the global arms market yields innumerable benefits for the United States: it decreases the costs of equipping American forces, emboldens U. S. Allies to stand up to common enemies, and facilitates joint operations. Daniel Katz
Free trade is good for all countries but not necessarily good for all peoples in all countries. Alan S. Blinder
Free trade is hard to sell politically. Ernst R. Berndt
Free trade is good but not as good as fair trade. Daniel Bradlow
Free trade is always vulnerable to democratic politics. William A. Niskanen
Free trade is opposed by most people who call themselves “free traders”. Dean Baker
We’re not at the endpoint of globalization but somewhere near the starting line. Pankaj Ghemawat
Achieving balance in our trade relationships requires a two-way commitment. That is the nature of balance—it can’t be unilaterally imposed. Hillary Clinton
I know of but one principle to make a nation great … Protectionism and patriotism are reciprocal. This is the road that all great nations have trod. John C. Calhoun
High duties have no pernicious effects and are consistent with the genius of the people and the institutions of the country. John C. Calhoun
Free trade ideas often look great in prospect but less in retrospect. John Kenneth Galbraith
Political economy came into being as a natural result of the expansion of trade, and with its appearance elementary, unscientific huckstering was replaced by a developed system of licensed fraud, an entire science of enrichment. Friedrich Engels
Oil, Jews and Germans, are our most important export commodities. Nicolae Ceausescu
It's expensive to keep Communism alive today. I've already got a huge foreign debt staring me in the face, and I can't reduce it by exporting tomatoes or toilet paper. We should be making dollars any way we can. And we should be exporting arms any way and every way, openly and secretly, legally or by smuggling-I don't care how. Nicolae Ceausescu
When you liberalize trade, benefits go to capital and away from labor. Lori Wallach
Committees of Merchants at Boston, New York, and Philadelphia contrive to exercise the government they have set up to prohibit the importation of British goods, appoint inspectors … and enforce their Prohibitions by coercive Measures. In times less dissolute and licentious, it would be a matter of Astonishment that British Manufacturers were prohibited in British provinces by an illegal combination of People. Thomas Gage
Free export of tobacco to foreign markets. Ginni Rometty
The Navigation Acts subject me to a much greater tax than any person of equal fortune on the other side of the Atlantic [England]. Henry Laurens
From Virginia and Maryland are exported communibus annis 90,000 hogsheads of tobacco to Great Britain of which it I supposed 60,000 of them are then exported. But these colonies not being permitted to send their tobacco immediately in proportion to their [foreign] demands, the re-exported tobacco pays double freight, double insurance, commission and other shipping charges. If the [other British] colonies were not restrained from directly importing foreign commodities they would … pay less for them, even by 50 percent, than they do at present Daniel Dulany
The contraband trade carried on between this place [New York City] and Holland prevails to an enormous degree …. The vessels from Holland … do not come into this port, but anchor at some distance in the numerous bays or creeks that our coast and rivers furnish, from whence the contraband goods are sent up in small boats. Dutch gunpowder has been in use in this colony ever since I came into it. Cadwallader Colden
… banned all trade and intercourse with the … colonies … during the continuance of the present rebellion. Lord North; Frederick
Capital has never been circumcised by state boundaries …. The welfare of … electorates depends on capitalism. The reverse is not always the case. Capital can relocate elsewhere; electorates cannot. Donald Sassoon
While the Japanese are shipping us Toyotas, they’re exporting something more important than cars. They’re sending us unemployment. Lee Iacocca
Mexican exports worldwide benefit the U.S. economy because of their high percentage of U. S. content. Carla Hills
If you want your country to be competitive in the 21st century economy, a big financial sector is fundamentally bad news. Olafur Ragnar Grimsson
Engaging the foreign state in trade agreements and concessions with the intent of enhancing moderate social elements will concomitantly strengthen the economic and military power of the challenger. Steven E. Lobell
It is difficult to overcome protectionism when times are bad. James Baker
In all free trade agreements there are winners and losers. James Baker
A decided handicap which the United States faces in its competition for foreign markets is that the wheat which it exports is for the most part mediocre in quality. Theodore D. Hammatt
Trade is injured when it is not allowed to follow its natural course, and when it is either hampered or diverted by artificial obstacles. ...We believe in free trade because we believe in the capacity of our countrymen. That at least is why I oppose protection root and branch, veiled and unveiled, one-sided or reciprocal. I oppose it in any form Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Islam came with a camel. It came through trade. Constance Hilliard
With globalization mounting, the rules teaching us to live globally other than nationally are increasingly becoming meaningful Tigran Sargsyan
The connection and harmony between Great Britain and us, which it is in her interest and ours to cultivate; and on which her prosperity, as well as ours, so materially depends, will be better preserved by the operation of the legal prerogatives of the Crown, than by the exertion of an unlimited authority by Parliament. James Wilson
Tourism is an export. Barack Obama
I have been much impressed in my experience at Washington, by the way, with the infernal selfishness which is so evident at the hearings on the tariff questions. Too many of our people are "after theirs" in the tariff problems, but equally insistent that other lines of business--producing materials they must buy--should get out on the free trade limb. Arthur Capper
There is every prospect that events arising out of our growing foreign investment will present us in the future with decisions involving war and peace, will bring us, whether we like it or not, to concern ourselves with distant causes. Herbert Feis
Foreign investment ordinarily means the investment abroad of funds that would have been saved anyhow and invested in the home country.… If invested productively within this country, the exported capital would increase the effectiveness of American industry, and so add to our national income--that is, to the amount of goods and services at our command. That loss is the primary national sacrifice entailed in foreign investment. Herbert Feis
American investors [abroad] receive an interest return higher by at least 2 percent on the average than they would receive from similar government or industrial investment within the United States …. It is obvious that they are taking a correspondingly greater risk. A considerable portion of this investment is in areas (as in parts of Latin-America) where political unrest is chronic and where legislation changes rapidly, or in areas in which there is a serious possibility of war or bankruptcy. Herbert Feis
[Foreign] Trade is necessary to modern comfort and prosperity. Elihu Root
… international confidence is the foundation stone of international credit, and international credit is essential to international trade. Gustav Stresemann
A vicious circle of increasing emigration resulting in a smaller domestic market depleted of initiative and skill, and a reduced incentive … to undertake and organize the productive enterprises which alone can provide increased employment opportunities and higher living standards…. Protectionism, both in agriculture and industry would have to give way to active participation in a free-trading world. Thomas Kenneth Whitaker
When the new states of Europe were created by the Treaty of Versailles their new governments, lacking revenue and not daring to impose direct taxes on their people, resorted to the dangerous expedient of imposing high taxes at the border on merchandise seeking to enter their markets from abroad. An immediate slowing down of commerce resulted. Oscar Wilder Underwood
In the early colonial period the commerce of Mexico was monopolized by Spain, and this has been the explanation given by most writers for the backwardness of Mexico. They do not seem to know that England monopolized the commerce of her American colonies more strictly than ever Spain did hers. The problem, therefore, is to explain why, as soon as the English colonies were independent, they began sending their ships all over the world, while Mexico could not find any better use for her independence than closing the country to foreign trade by a prohibitive tariff. Toribio Esquivel Obregon
We have at last awakened to the realization that foreign and domestic trade are not in separate water-tight compartments--that they flow through the same pipes and seek a common level. We cannot live by ourselves, shut off from the balance of the world, without working harm to our economic system that would require many years for repair. Oscar Wilder Underwood
Trusts and Protectionism are robbery of the many to enrich the few.. Democratic Party
I have come to a resolution myself as I hope every good citizen will, never again to purchase any article of foreign manufacture which can be had of American make be the difference of price what it may.. Thomas Jefferson
In a complex and challenging time, the road of isolationism and protectionism may seem broad and inviting — yet it ends in danger and decline. George W. Bush
If the United States will have a free commerce in this sea, they must defend it.. William Eaton
No free people can for long cling to any privilege or enjoy any safety in economic solitude. Dwight D. Eisenhower
Companies like yours have got to do business with Japan [because] that country must be economically sound. Dwight D. Eisenhower
Here, as everywhere, Protection involves this great disadvantage, that, once given, it is difficult to withdraw …. the system, once established, led to perpetual wrangling on the part of rival industries Arnold J. Toynbee
The benefits of trade diffuse across the economy, but the cost of trade are concentrated. Daniel W. Drezner
Trade creates jobs. Dianne Feinstein
Our Celestial Empire possesses all things in prolific abundance and lacks no products within its borders. There is therefore no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce. But the tea, silk and porcelain which the Celestial Empire produces are absolute necessities to European nations and to yourselves, we have permitted, as a signal of our favor, that private hongs should be established at Canton, so that your wants might be supplied and your country thus participate in our beneficence. Qianlong
We are going to suffer, I am afraid, terribly in this war, whether we are in it or whether we stand aside. Foreign trade is going to stop, not because the trade routes are closed, but because there is no trade at the other end. Continental nations engaged in war all their populations, all their energies, all their wealth, engaged in a desperate struggle they cannot carry on the trade with us that they are carrying on in times of peace, whether we are parties to the war or whether we are not. Edward Grey
I met with President [Hugo] Chávez at one point, because he was very concerned that Brightstar had a 70 percent share of the Venezuelan market. He said, “Explain that to me, when you’re an American company.” I said, “No, we’re not an American company. We are a Venezuelan company, with Venezuelan employees, with a Venezuelan leader, owned by an American company, and that is very different. Marcelo Claure
The public is too damned dumb to understand. Harry Hopkins
The prosperity created at home and overseas by free expansion [of foreign trade] was infinitely greater than could be coaxed by restrictive mercantilism. Benjamin Franklin
While the effect of increased global trade is positive for economies as a whole, specific sectors get battered, and large swathed of unskilled workers find themselves unemployed or under employed. Fareed Zakaria
When governments manipulate exchange rates to affect currency markets, they undermine the honest efforts of countries that wish to compete fairly in the global marketplace. Supply and demand are distorted by artificial prices conveyed through contrived exchange rates. Businesses fail as legitimately earned profits become currency losses. Judy Shelton
[N]o real leader can aspire to champion both the logic and the morality of free trade without confronting the practice that undermines both: currency manipulation. Judy Shelton
A trade war between the U.S. and China would hurt both countries, but there is reason to believe that the U.S. has more to lose. Today, 80% of global trade comprises international supply chains,” she writes. “Declining trade costs have allowed firms to splinter their production lines geographically, with goods processed and value added in multiple countries along the chain. If China threw a handful of sand in the gears of these chains, it could disrupt entire production networks, doing serious damage to the U.S…. Keyu Jin
Wild globalization has helped some people much, but has hurt most. Marine Le Pen
Economic cooperation makes the American people and others around the world more prosperous and secure. Jacob Lew
International economic cooperation has delivered benefits to the United States and other countries that would have been impossible to attain otherwise. Jacob Lew
It's very difficult to engage your enemies on nuclear issues when you are having a trade war with your friends. Richard N. Haas