Xenophon

(Xenophon of Athens)

Xenophon
Xenophon
  • Born:
  • Nationality: Greek
  • Profession: Historian, Soldier, Mercenary

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Xenophon of Athens was an ancient Greek philosopher, historian, soldier, mercenary, and student of Socrates. As a soldier, Xenophon became commander of the Ten Thousand at about 29, with noted military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge saying of him, “the centuries since have devised nothing to surpass the genius of this warrior.” He established the precedent for many logistical operations and was among the first to use flanking maneuvers, feints and attacks in depth. He was among the greatest commanders of antiquity. As a historian, Xenophon is known for recording the history of his time, the late-5th and early-4th centuries BC, in such works as the Hellenica, which covered the final seven years and the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), thus representing a thematic continuation of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War.

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For drink, there was beer which was very strong when not mingled with water, but was agreeable to those who were used to it. They drank this with a reed, out of the vessel that held the beer, upon which they saw the barley swim. Miscellaneous
The most pleasing of all sounds that of your own praise. Miscellaneous
The people who give themselves up to manual labor are never promoted to public offices. Detriments & Qualifications ;Public Office: Benefits
A horse is a thing of beauty... none will tire of looking at him as long as he displays himself in his splendor.
Excess of grief for the dead is madness; for it is an injury to the living, and the dead know it not. Sympathy
Fast is fine, but accuracy is everything.
For what the horse does under compulsion, as Simon also observes, is done without understanding; and there is no beauty in it either, any more than if one should whip and spur a dancer.
He who eats with most pleasure is he who least requires sauce.
The sweetest of all sounds is praise.
The true test of a leader is whether his followers will adhere to his cause from their own volition, enduring the most arduous hardships without being forced to do so, and remaining steadfast in the moments of greatest peril.
There is small risk a general will be regarded with contempt by those he leads, if, whatever he may have to preach, he shows himself best able to perform.
Wherever magistrates were appointed from among those who complied with the injunctions of the laws, Socrates considered the government to be an aristocracy. Government

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