William Lyon Mackenzie King

William Lyon Mackenzie King
William Lyon Mackenzie King
  • Born: December 17, 1874
  • Died: July 22, 1950
  • Nationality: Canadian
  • Profession: Politician

39

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19

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William Lyon Mackenzie King OM, CMG, PC, also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth prime minister of Canada in 1921–1926, 1926–1930 and 1935–1948. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939–1945) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining morale on the home front. A Liberal with 21 years and 154 days in office, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition (as a boy, his motto was "Help those that cannot help themselves"), and played a major role in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.

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Author Quote
Quotes
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Any policy that is extreme we must avoid. Policy & Policy Making
For the moment it appeared to me that the United States was trying to save itself at the expense of Britain. War & Peace ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
It is for Parliament to decide whether or not we should participate in wars in different parts of the world, and it is neither right nor proper for any individual, for any group of individuals, to take any step which in any way might limit the rights of Parliament in a matter which is of such great concern to all of the people ... Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
There is not only a right thing to do. There is a right time to do it. Management & Managing Government
As to the advantages of temperance in the training of the armed forces and of its benefits to the members of the forces themselves, there can be no doubt in the world.
Conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription.
Each year, therefore, a dollar spent on alcoholic beverages has purchased a smaller quantity.
Every hour of useful work is precious. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Far more has been accomplished for the welfare and progress of mankind by preventing bad actions than by doing good ones.
Few would venture to deny the advantages of temperance in increasing the efficiency of a nation at war. War & Peace
For one cause or another, it has become necessary to impose restrictions upon the use of many commodities, including not a few of the necessities of life. Life
Fortunately, the Canadian people in all their habits, are essentially a temperate people.
From the outset of the war, the Canadian people have clearly shown that it is their desire to help in every way to make Canada's war effort as effective as possible. War & Peace
I really believe my greatest service is in the many unwise steps I prevent.
I would not wish to imply that most industrial accidents are due to intemperance. But, certainly, temperance has never failed to reduce their number.
If I am outspoken of the dangers of intemperance to members of our armed forces, it is because we are all especially concerned for the welfare of those who are risking their lives in the cause of freedom. Freedom & Liberty
If the military might of Germany and Japan are ultimately to be crushed, the United Nations, one and all, must definitely and urgently strive toward a total war effort. War & Peace
In the twelve months immediately preceding the outbreak; of war, the quantity of spirits, both domestic and imported released for sale in Canada, amounted to over three and a half million proof gallons. War & Peace
It is what we prevent, rather than what we do that counts most in Government. Government
Just when we most need to be clearheaded, in order to face the hard facts before us, there is all too frequently a very real inclination to give way to dangerous tendencies merely as an escape from realities.
Let it be remembered, too, that at a time of war, nearly every one is under great strain. Time ;War & Peace
No one will deny that the excessive use of alcohol and alcoholic beverages would do more than any other single factor to make impossible a total war effort. War & Peace
Nor do we begin to have a clear appreciation of what the increase in consumption of alcoholic beverages in wartime means in increased risk, and in loss of efficiency to the fighting and working forces of the country.
On behalf of the federal government, I wish now publicly to appeal to the provinces to lend their co-operation in furthering our country's war effort by effecting at as early a date as may be possible this much needed restriction. Government ;War & Peace
Once a nation parts with the control of its credit, it matters not who makes the laws.
Only the man who disciplines himself strictly can stand for long the terrific pace of modern war. War & Peace
Regardless of what one's attitude towards prohibition may be, temperance is something against which, at a time of war, no reasonable protest can be made. Time ;War & Peace
Self-denial and self-discipline, however, will be recognized as the outstanding qualities of a good soldier.
Since the outbreak of war, there has been in our country a steady increase in the consumption of spirits, wine and beer. It is estimated that in dollar volume, the annual outlay is now practically double what it was before the war. War & Peace
Temperance is essential, if the services of men and women are to be employed to the best and most useful effect according, to the physical capacity and ability of each. Nothing less will assure a total effort. Women
The anxiety of most parents in seeing their sons and daughters enlist does not lie only in the fear of the physical dangers they may encounter.
The greatly increased consumption of alcoholic beverages is very largely a direct result of the increased purchasing power created by wartime expenditures. Power
The increased consumption of alcoholic beverages in Canada since the outbreak of war is one evidence of this. War & Peace
There can be little doubt that absence from work, and inefficient work, are frequently due to intemperance. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Until the control of the issue of currency and credit is restored to government and recognized as its most conspicuous and sacred responsibility, all talks of the sovereignty of Parliament and of democracy is idle and futile. Government
Usury once in control will wreck the nation.
When gasoline and rubber are rationed, electric power and transport facilities are becoming increasingly scarce, and manpower shortages are developing, it is difficult for people to understand their increased use for other than the most vital needs of war. Power ;War & Peace
Where there is little or no public opinion, there is likely to be bad government, which sooner or later becomes autocratic government. Government
Workers in industry are the partners in war of the fighting forces. War & Peace