W. Edwards Deming

(William Edwards Deming)

W. Edwards Deming
W. Edwards Deming
  • Born: October 14, 1900
  • Died: December 20, 1993
  • Nationality: American
  • Profession: Scientist

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William Edwards Deming was an American engineer, statistician, professor, author, lecturer, and management consultant. Educated initially as an electrical engineer and later specializing in mathematical physics, he helped develop the sampling techniques still used by the U.S. Department of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In his book, The New Economics for Industry, Government, and Education, Deming championed the work of Walter Shewhart, including statistical process control, operational definitions, and what Deming called the "Shewhart Cycle" which had evolved into Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA). This was in response to the growing popularity of PDCA, which Deming viewed as tampering with the meaning of Shewhart's original work. Deming is best known for his work in Japan after WWII, particularly his work with the leaders of Japanese industry. That work began in August 1950 at the Hakone Convention Center in Tokyo, when Deming delivered a speech on what he called "Statistical Product Quality Administration". Many in Japan credit Deming as one of the inspirations for what has become known as the Japanese post-war economic miracle of 1950 to 1960, when Japan rose from the ashes of war on the road to becoming the second-largest economy in the world through processes partially influenced by the ideas Deming taught:

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Quotes
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Defects are not free. Somebody makes them, and gets paid for making them. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
The idea of a merit rating is alluring. The sound of the words captivates the imagination: pay for what you get; get what you pay for; motivate people to do their best, for their own good. ... The effect is exactly the opposite of what the words promise. Management & Managing Government
A bad system will beat a good person every time. Time
All anyone asks for is a chance to work with pride. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
American management thinks that they can just copy from Japan. But they don't know what to copy.
Any manager can do well in an expanding market.
Customer expectations? Nonsense. No customer ever asked for the electric light, the pneumatic tire, the VCR, or the CD. All customer expectations are only what you and your competitor have led him to expect. He knows nothing else.
Declining productivity and quality means your unit production costs stay high but you don't have as much to sell. Your workers don't want to be paid less, so to maintain profits, you increase your prices. That's inflation.
Eliminate numerical quotas, including Management by Objectives.
Export anything to a friendly country except American management.
Hold everybody accountable? Ridiculous!
I am forever learning and changing. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
I predicted in 1950 that in five years, manufacturers the world over would be screaming for protection. It took only four years.
If you can't describe what you are doing as a process, you don't know what you're doing.
If you do not know how to ask the right question, you discover nothing.
If you don't understand how to run an efficient operation, new machinery will just give you new problems of operation and maintenance. The sure way to increase productivity is to better administrate man and machine.
In 1945, the world was in a shambles. American companies had no competition. So nobody really thought much about quality. Why should they? The world bought everything America produced. It was a prescription for disaster.
In Japan, a company worker's position is secure. He is retrained for another job if his present job is eliminated by productivity improvement.
Innovation comes from the producer - not from the customer.
It is not enough to do your best; you must know what to do, and then do your best.
It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.
Lack of knowledge... that is the problem. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Learning is not compulsory... neither is survival. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
My mother was my biggest role model. She taught me to hate waste. We never wasted anything.
No one knows the cost of a defective product - don't tell me you do. You know the cost of replacing it, but not the cost of a dissatisfied customer.
People don't like to make mistakes.
People with targets and jobs dependent upon meeting them will probably meet the targets - even if they have to destroy the enterprise to do it.
Profit in business comes from repeat customers, customers that boast about your project or service, and that bring friends with them. Business, Commerce & Finance
Quality is everyone's responsibility.
Quality is pride of workmanship. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
'Quality' means what will sell and do a customer some good - at least try to.
Rational behavior requires theory. Reactive behavior requires only reflex action.
Research shows that the climate of an organization influences an individual's contribution far more than the individual himself.
The average American worker has fifty interruptions a day, of which seventy percent have nothing to do with work. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
The big problems are where people don't realise they have one in the first place.
The emphasis should be on why we do a job.
The prevailing - and foolish - attitude is that a good manager can be a good manager anywhere, with no special knowledge of the production process he's managing. A man with a financial background may know nothing about manufacturing shoes or cars, but he's put in charge anyway. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
The prevailing system of management has crushed fun out of the workplace.
The result of long-term relationships is better and better quality, and lower and lower costs.
We are here to make another world. Inspiration
What should be the aim of management? What is their job? Quality is the responsibility of the top people. Its origin is in the boardroom. They are the ones who decide.
When a system is stable, telling the worker about mistakes is only tampering.
Whenever there is fear, you will get wrong figures.
You can not define being exactly on time. Time
You should not ask questions without knowledge. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training

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