Themistocles was an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of non-aristocratic politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy. As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower-class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility. Elected archon in 493 BC, he convinced the polis to increase the naval power of Athens, a recurring theme in his political career. During the first Persian invasion of Greece he fought at the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) and was possibly one of the ten Athenian strategoi (generals) in that battle.
|All Athenians should leave Athens …. The men should report to the ships at Salamis.||Defense & National Security|
|Athenians govern the Greeks; I govern the Athenians; you, my wife, govern me; your son governs you.||Families, Children & Parenting|
|I have with me two gods, Persuasion and Compulsion.||Miscellaneous|
|I may not know how to tune a lyre, but I know all that I need to know to make a city great and free.||Leaders & Leadership|
|I never learned how to tune a harp, or play upon a lute; but I know how to raise a small and inconsiderable city to glory and greatness.||Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising|
|May I never sit on a tribunal where my friends shall not find more favor from me than strangers.||Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement|
|I choose the likely man in preference to the rich man; I want a man without money rather than money without a man.||Money, Coins & Minting|