Manu

Manu
Manu
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Manu is a term found with various meanings in Hinduism. In early texts, it refers to the archetypal man, or to the first man (progenitor of humanity).The Sanskrit term for 'human', मानव (IAST: mānava) means 'of Manu' or 'children of Manu'. In later texts, Manu is the title or name of fourteen mystical Kshatriya rulers of earth, or alternatively as the head of mythical dynasties that begin with each cyclic kalpa (aeon) when the universe is born anew. The title of the text Manusmriti uses this term as a prefix, but refers to the first Manu – Svayambhuva, the spiritual son of Brahma.

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A Brahmana shall be compelled to pay a fine of one thousand panas if he has intercourse with … females of those two lower castes; for offending with a … Sudra female a fine of one thousand. Justice & Injustice
A Brahmana who knows the law need not bring any offence to the notice of the king; by his own power alone be can punish those men who injure him. Justice & Injustice
A contract made by a person intoxicated, or insane, or grievously disordered by disease and so forth, or wholly dependent, by an infant or very aged man, or by an unauthorized party is invalid Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
A fiftieth part of (the increments on) cattle and gold may be taken by the king, and the eighth, sixth, or twelfth part of the crops. He may also take the sixth part of trees, meat, honey, clarified butter, perfumes, (medical) herbs, spices, flowers, roots, and fruit; Of leaves, pot-herbs, grass, objects made of cane, skins, of earthen vessels, and all (articles) made of stone. Taxes
A king who desires his own welfare must always forgive litigants, infants, aged and sick men, who inveigh against him. Public Relations & Image
A king who governs his kingdom well, easily prospers. Leaders & Leadership
A once-born man (a Sudra), who insults a twice-born man with gross invective, shall have his tongue cut out; for he is of low origin. If he arrogantly teaches Brahmanas their duty, the king shall cause hot oil to be poured into his mouth and into his ears Justice & Injustice
A Sudra [lowest caste untouchable], though emancipated by his master, is not released from servitude; since that is innate in him, who can set him free from it? Discrimination & Prejudice
A twice-born man who has intentionally drunk, through delusion of mind, the spirituous liquor called Sura shall drink that liquor boiling-hot; when his body has been completely scalded by that, he is freed from his guilt; Or he may drink cow's urine, water, milk, clarified butter or liquid cow dung boiling-hot, until he dies; When the Brahman [the highest caste] the Veda which dwells in his body is even once deluged with spirituous liquor, his Brahmanhood forsakes him and he becomes a Sudra [the lowest caste.] Religion & God
A wise man should constantly discharge the paramount duties, but not always the minor ones; for he who does not discharge the former, while he obeys the latter alone, becomes an outcast. Management & Managing Government
As enemies do not hurt these beings, when they are sheltered by their fortresses, even so foes can not injure a king who has taken refuge in his fort. Let that fort be well supplied with weapons, money, grain and beasts of burden, with Brahmanas, with artisans, with engines, with fodder, and with water. Defense & National Security
Care must be taken of barren women, of those who have no sons, of those whose family is extinct, of wives and widows faithful to their lords, and of women afflicted with diseases. A righteous king must punish like thieves those relatives who appropriate the property of such females during their lifetime. Minorities & Women
Carefully avoid all undertakings which depends on others; but let him eagerly pursue that which depends on himself. Miscellaneous
Created beings must be instructed in (what concerns) their welfare without giving them pain, and sweet and gentle speech must be used… Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Day and night woman must be kept in dependence by the males of their families, and, if they attach themselves to sensual enjoyments, they must be kept under one's control. Her father protects her in childhood, her husband protects her in youth, and her sons protect her in old age; a woman is never fit for independence. Minorities & Women
Fully consider the future and the immediate results of all undertakings, and the good and bad sides of all past actions. Policy & Policy Making
Having first ascertained the opinion of each minister separately and then the views of all together, let the king do what is most beneficial for him in his affairs. Leaders & Leadership
Having well considered the (disgusting) origin of flesh and the (cruelty of) fettering and slaying corporeal beings, let him entirely abstain from eating flesh Humor ;Nutrition, Food, Starvation, Farming & Agriculture ;Animals
He [the king] must also appoint other officials, men of integrity, who are wise, firm, well able to collect money, and well tried. Bureaucracy
He who is dishonest with respect to speech, is dishonest in everything. Miscellaneous
His enemy must not know his weaknesses, but he must know the weaknesses of his enemy; as the tortoise (hides its limbs), even so let him secure the members (of his government against treachery), let him protect his own weak points. Intelligence, Spying, Espionage & Covert Operations
If the king did not, without tiring, inflict punishment on those worthy to be punished, the stronger would roast the weaker, like fish on a spit Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
Let him (the king) also appoint an ambassador who is versed in all sciences, who understands hints, expressions of the face and gestures, who is honest, skilful, and of noble family. Such an ambassador is commended to a king who is loyal, honest, skilful, possessing a good memory, who knows the proper place and time for action, who is handsome, fearless, and eloquent. For the ambassador alone makes kings' allies and separates allies; the ambassador transacts that business by which kings are disunited or not. Diplomacy & Diplomats
Let him not dwell in a country … which is surrounded by unrighteous men, nor in one which has become subject to heretics, nor in one swarming with men of the lowest castes. Religion & God
Let him not strike one who in flight has climbed on an eminence, nor a eunuch, nor one who joins the palms of his hands in supplication, nor one who flees with flying hair, nor one who sits down, nor one who says 'I am thine;' Nor one who sleeps, nor one who has lost his coat of mail, nor one who is naked, nor one who is disarmed, nor one who looks on without taking part in the fight, nor one who is fighting with another foe; Nor one whose weapons are broken, nor one afflicted with sorrow, nor one who has been grievously wounded, nor one who is in fear, nor one who has turned to flight. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Let him not throw urine or feces into the water, nor saliva, nor clothes defiled by impure substances, nor any other impurity, nor blood, nor poisonous things. Health, Healthcare & Medicine
Let him say what is true, let him say what is pleasing, let him utter no disagreeable truth, and let him utter no agreeable falsehood; that is the eternal law. Slogans & Mottoes
Let the ambassador explore the expression of the countenance, the gestures and actions of the foreign king through the gestures and actions of his confidential advisers, and discover his designs among his servants. Intelligence, Spying, Espionage & Covert Operations
Let the king consider as hostile his immediate neighbor and the enemy of such a foe, as friendly. Intergovernmental Relations
Let the king fix the rates for the purchase and sale of all marketable goods, having duly considered whence they come, whither they go, how long they have been kept, the probable profit and the probable outlay. Once in five nights, or at the close of each fortnight, let the king publicly settle the prices for the merchants. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
Men who commit adultery with the wives of others, the king shall cause to be marked by punishments which cause terror, and afterwards banish. Justice & Injustice
Neither the king nor any servant of his shall themselves cause a lawsuit to be begun, or hush up one that has been brought before them by some other man. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
Never slay a Brahmana, though he have committed all possible crimes; let the king banish such an offender, leaving all his property with him and his body unhurt. No greater crime is known on earth than slaying a Brahmana; a king, therefore, must not even conceive in his mind the thought of killing a Brahmana Power
One may slay without hesitation an assassin who approaches with murderous intent…. By killing an assassin the slayer incurs no guilt, whether he does it publicly or secretly; in that case fury recoils upon fury Justice & Injustice
Place all prisons near a high-road, where the suffering and disfigured offenders can be seen Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
Property, the owner of which has disappeared, the king shall cause to be kept as a deposit during three years; within the period of three years the owner may claim it, after that term the king may take it. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
She who drinks spirituous liquor, is of bad conduct, rebellious, diseased, mischievous, or wasteful, may at any time be divorced and superseded by another wife. Minorities & Women
Stipulated interest beyond the legal rate, being against the law, cannot be recovered; they call that a usurious way of lending; the lender is in no case entitled to more than five in the hundred.[5%] Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
That king who pardons the perpetrator of violence quickly perishes and incurs hatred. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
That king who through folly rashly oppresses his kingdom, (will), together with his relatives, ere long be deprived of his life and of his kingdom. As the lives of living creatures are destroyed by tormenting their bodies, even so the lives of kings are destroyed by their oppressing their kingdoms Leaders & Leadership
That monarch whose subjects are carried off by robbers from his kingdom, while they loudly call for help, and he and his servants are quietly looking on, is a dead and not a living king. The highest duty of a King is to protect his subjects, for the king who enjoys the rewards, just mentioned, is bound to discharge that duty. Leaders & Leadership
The ruler of ten villages shall enjoy one kula (as much land as suffices for one family), the ruler of twenty five kulas, the superintendent of a hundred villages the revenues of one village, the lord of a thousand the revenues of a town. And in each town let him appoint one superintendent of all affairs, elevated in rank, formidable, resembling a planet among the stars. Let that man always personally visit by turns all those other officials; let him properly explore their behavior in their districts through spies appointed to each. For the servants of the king, who are appointed to protect (the people), generally become knaves who seize the property of others; let him protect his subjects against such men. Leaders & Leadership
There are slaves of seven kinds, (viz.) he who is made a captive under a standard, he who serves for his daily food, he who is born in the house, he who is bought and he who is given, he who is inherited from ancestors, and he who is enslaved by way of punishment. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
Those who do not give assistance according to their ability when a village is being plundered, a dyke is being destroyed, or a highway robbery committed, shall be banished with their goods and chattels. Justice & Injustice
Trustworthy men of all the four castes may be made witnesses in lawsuits Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
Where another common man would be fined one karshapana, the king shall be fined one thousand; that is the settled rule. Justice & Injustice
Where women are honored, there the gods are pleased; but where they are not honored, no sacred rite yields rewards. Minorities & Women