Napoleon III was the first elected President of France from 1848 to 1852. When he could not constitutionally be re-elected, he seized power in 1851 and became the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870. He founded the Second French Empire and was its only emperor until the defeat of the French army and his capture by Prussia and its allies in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. He worked to modernize the French economy, rebuilt the center of Paris, expanded the overseas empire, and engaged in the Crimean War and the war for Italian unification. After his defeat and downfall he went into exile and died in England in 1873.
|Maria Liddell||All at present is quiet in Paris. There are Socialist risings in many parts of the country, but all these will do the President [coup leader Louis Napoleon] good, and strengthen his hands, for even the people who have been treated with indignity will pardon him if their châteaux are saved from an infuriated and brutal peasantry.|
|A scene of misery and gloomy despair of a community of people who have been plunged abruptly from prosperity to a complete want of the most essential things of life.||Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs|
|I am not a governor of a Province. There can be no promotion for a King other than that of Heaven itself…. What possible right could I have to ask for an oath of allegiance from another people if I do not remain faithful to that which I had sworn to Holland when I ascended the throne.||Loyalty & Loyalty Oaths|
|Nothing more can be done for your interests or well-being and that I myself am an obstacle to the restoration of good relations between my brother [Napoleon Bonaparte Bonaparte] and this land… I shall never forget so good and virtuous a people as yourselves. My last thought and last concern will be for your happiness…||Power|
|The most essential thing in my government is that the ministers and heads of departments proceed in the same direction, think and act like myself.||Management & Managing Government|