Lise Meitner was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. Meitner, Otto Hahn and Otto Robert Frisch led the small group of scientists who first discovered nuclear fission of uranium when it absorbed an extra neutron; the results were published in early 1939. Meitner, Hahn and Frisch understood that the fission process, which splits the atomic nucleus of uranium into two smaller nuclei, must be accompanied by an enormous release of energy. Nuclear fission is the process exploited by nuclear reactors to generate heat and, subsequently, electricity. This process is also one of the basics of nuclear weapons that were developed in the U.S. during World War II and used against Japan in 1945.
|I am fairly certain now that you really have a splitting towards barium and I consider it a wonderful result for which I congratulate you and Strassmannn very warmly. You now have a wide, beautiful field of work ahead of you. And believe me, even though I stand here empty handed, I am happy about the marvelousness of these findings.||Nutrition, Food, Starvation, Farming & Agriculture|
|Undoubtedly, to salve your conscience, you have now and then helped some miserable human being, but millions of human beings were murdered and nary a protest was heard.||War & Peace|
|Women have a great responsibility. . .to try. . .to prevent another war. I hope. . .that we will be able to use this great atomic energy. . .for peaceful work.||Energy ;Minorities & Women|