James Monroe

James Monroe
James Monroe
  • Born: April 28, 1758
  • Died: July 4, 1831
  • Nationality: American
  • Profession: President









James Monroe was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fifth president of the United States from 1817 to 1825. He is perhaps best known for his foreign policy principle, known as the "Monroe Doctrine", which disallowed further European colonization of the Americas (beginning in 1823). Monroe was the last president of the Virginia dynasty, and his presidency ushered in what is known as the Era of Good Feelings. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to the shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress.

Quote Topics Cited
A committee of the Senate ought to confer with a committee of the President through a head of a department and not with the Chief Magistrate, for in the latter case a committee of that House is equal to the President. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
As a general rule, the demands of the current year, especially in time of peace, should be provided for by the revenues of that year. Budgets & Budgeting
Commonwealth has a right to the service of all its citizens. Military & Veterans
Commonwealth has a right to the service of its citizens. Defense & National Security
Congress have a right by the Constitution to raise regular armies, and no restraint is imposed on the exercise of it …. It would be absurd to suppose that Congress could not carry this power into effect otherwise than be accepting the voluntary service of individuals. Military & Veterans
Congress have an unlimited power to raise money ... restricted only by the duty to appropriate it to the purpose of common defense and of general, not local; national, not State benefit. Taxes
Equally gratifying is it to witness the increased harmony of opinion which pervades our Union. Discord does not belong in our system. Political Parties & Machines
He wants a head fit for his station. Indolent except to improper, he is incapable of that combination and activity which the times require. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
I have not heard that you claim exclusively any part of the moon; but there is not a spot on this inhabitable globe that I could affirm that you do not claim. Expansionism, Colonialism & Imperialism
In the wars of the European Powers in matters relating to themselves we have never taken any part, nor does it comport with our policy to do so. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
Let us by all wise and constitutional measures promote intelligence among the people as the best means of preserving our liberties. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Little America Miscellaneous ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
National honor is national property of the highest value. States. Nations & Nationhood
Other interests of high importance will claim attention, among which the improvement of our country by roads and canals, proceeding always with a constitutional sanction, holds a distinguished place. By thus facilitating the intercourse between the States we shall add much to the convenience and comfort of our fellow-citizens, much to the ornament of the country, and, what is of greater importance, we shall shorten distances, and, by making each part more accessible to and dependent on the other, we shall bind the Union more closely together. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Our country may be likened to a new house. We lack many things, but we possess the most precious of all -- liberty! Freedom & Liberty
Preparation for war is a constant stimulus to suspicion and ill will. War & Peace ;Defense & National Security ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
The American continents ... are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.... We should consider any attempt [by European countries] to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European Power we have not interfered, and shall not interfere. But with the governments who have declared their independence, and maintained it ... we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling, in any other manner, their destiny, by any European Power, in any other light than as the manifestations of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States. [The "Monroe Doctrine."] Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
The care of the Indian tribes within our limits has long been an essential part of our system, but, unfortunately, it has not been executed in a manner to accomplish all the objects intended by it. We have treated them as independent nations, without their having any substantial pretensions to that rank. The distinction has flattered their pride, retarded their improvement, and in many instances paved the way to their destruction. The progress of our settlements westward, supported as they are by a dense population, has constantly driven them back, with almost the total sacrifice of the lands which they have been compelled to abandon. They have claims on the magnanimity and, I may add, on the justice of this nation which we must all feel. Minorities & Women
The commander ought to lead every important movement. Military & Veterans
The existence of parties is not necessary to a free government. Political Parties & Machines
The great amount of our revenue and the flourishing state of the Treasury are a full proof of the competency of the national resources for any emergency, as they are of the willingness of our fellow-citizens to bear the burdens which the public necessities require. Budgets & Budgeting
The President does indeed hold the rudder of the Ship of State; he guides, but it is American public opinion which makes the vessel move. Public Opinion & Polling
The Religion which you profess is an obstacle to the exercise of your consular functions. Discrimination & Prejudice
The right of self-defense never ceases. It is among the most sacred, and alike necessary to nations and to individuals. Guns & Gun Control
The Sovereign: The People Public Opinion & Polling
Their [the Indians’] sovereignty over vast territories should cease, in lieu of which the right of soil should be secured to each individual and his posterity in competent portions; and for the territory thus ceded by each tribe some reasonable equivalent should be granted, to be vested in permanent funds for the support of civil government over them and for the education of their children, for their instruction in the arts of husbandry, and to provide sustenance for them until they could provide it for themselves. Minorities & Women
They [the American Indians] have claims on the magnanimity and, I may add, on the justice of this nation which we must all fill. We should become their real benefactors; we should perform the office of their Great Father, the endearing title which they emphatically give to the Chief Magistrate of our Union. Minorities & Women
Under certain circumstances loans may be resorted to with great advantage. Budgets & Budgeting
We lack many things, but we possess the most precious of all—liberty! Freedom & Liberty
We ought not to depend in the degree we have done on supplies from other countries Foreign Trade
When we consider the vast extent of territory within the United States, ... we cannot fail to entertain the high sense of advantage to be derived from the facility which may be afforded in the intercourse between them by means of good roads and canals. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Yes, but I am afraid he well get us into some quarrel. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
Your report! 'Tis my report. It is no report at all until I have accepted it. Management & Managing Government
A little flattery will support a man through great fatigue.
At no period of our political existence had we so much cause to felicitate ourselves at the prosperous and happy condition of our country.
By the last returns to the Department of War the militia force of the several States may be estimated at 800,000 men - infantry, artillery, and cavalry. War & Peace
By these purchases the Indian title, with moderate reservations, has been extinguished to the whole of the land within the limits of the State of Ohio, and to a part of that in the Michigan Territory and of the State of Indiana.
From several of the Indian tribes inhabiting the country bordering on Lake Erie purchases have been made of lands on conditions very favorable to the United States, and, as it is presumed, not less so to the tribes themselves.
I have great satisfaction in stating that our relations with France, Russia, and other powers continue on the most friendly basis.
If we look to the history of other nations, ancient or modern, we find no example of a growth so rapid, so gigantic, of a people so prosperous and happy. History
In the wars of the European powers in matters relating to themselves we have never taken any part, not does it comport with our policy so to do. It is only when our rights are invaded or seriously menaced that we resent injuries or make preparation for our defence.
It is only when the people become ignorant and corrupt, when they degenerate into a populace, that they are incapable of exercising their sovereignty.
National honor is the national property of the highest value.
Never did a government commence under auspices so favorable, nor ever was success so complete. Success ;Government
Our country may be likened to a new house. We lack many things, but we possess the most precious of all - liberty!
Our relations with the other powers of Europe have experienced no essential change since the last session.
The best form of government is that which is most likely to prevent the greatest sum of evil. Government
The civil war which has so long prevailed between Spain and the Provinces in South America still continues, without any prospect of its speedy termination. War & Peace
The great increase of our population throughout the Union will alone produce an important effect, and in no quarter will it be so sensibly felt as in those in contemplation.
The payments which have been made into the Treasury show the very productive state of the public revenue.
The public lands are a public stock, which ought to be disposed of to the best advantage for the nation.
The right of self defense never ceases. It is among the most sacred, and alike necessary to nations and to individuals, and whether the attack be made by Spain herself or by those who abuse her power, its obligation is not the less strong. Power
To impose taxes when the public exigencies require them is an obligation of the most sacred character, especially with a free people.