James Madison

(James Madison Jr.)

James Madison
James Madison
  • Born: March 16, 1751
  • Died: June 28, 1836
  • Nationality: American
  • Profession: President

288

Quotes

223

Citations

526

Concepts

0

Videos

James Madison Jr. was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

Quotes About
Author Quote
Thomas Jefferson I can say conscientiously that I do not know in the world a man of purer integrity, more dispassionate, disinterested, and devoted to genuine Republicanism; nor could I in the whole scope of America and Europe point out an abler head.
Eligius Fromentin Our laws to be wholesome need not be enacted in a palace.
Anonymous The Big Knife
Anonymous The Existing War—the Child of Prostitution. May no American Acknowledge it Legitimate.
Anonymous The little man in the Palace
Fisher Ames Pardon me if I add that I think him [President James Madison] a little too much of a book politician, and too timid in his politics, for prudence and caution are opposites of timidity.
William H. Crawford This message, in point of obscurity, comes nearer my ideas of a Delphic oracle than any state paper which has come under my inspection. It is so cautiously expressed that every man puts what construction on it he pleases.
John Graham Great as is the popularity of the President [Madison], it is barely able to resist the torrent of public opinion against the Secretary of War, who, so far as I can judge, is universally considered by the people of this country as incompetent ...
Francis James Jackson Madison, the President is a plain and rather mean-looking little man, of great simplicity of manners, and an inveterate enemy to form and ceremony so much so that I was officially informed that my introduction with him was to be considered nothing more than the reception of one gentleman by another, and that no particular dress was to be worn on the occasion.
Thomas Jefferson He [Marquis de Lafayette] has a canine appetite for popularity and fame.
Thomas Jefferson I have felt so much for you that I cannot withhold the expression of my sympathies …. All you can do is to order,—that execution must depend on others
William Maclay His Littleness
Dolley Madison I assume that you would not desire your wife the role of partisan.
Abner Lacock Tell Dr. Madison that we are now willing to submit to his Philadelphia lawyer for head of the Treasury. The public patient is so very sick that we must swallow anything, however nauseous.
Cyrus King If a simple King of England, by his corrupt servants, chastised New England with whips, the [Madison] administration chastened her with scorpions.
William Leigh Pierce Mr. James Madison is a character who has long been in public life; and what is very remarkable every Person seems to acknowledge his greatness. He blends together the profound politician, with the Scholar. In the management of every great question he evidently took the lead in the Convention, and tho' he cannot be called an Orator, he is a most agreeable, eloquent, and convincing Speaker. From a spirit of industry and application which he possesses in a most eminent degree, he always comes forward the best informed Man of any point in debate. The affairs of the United States, he perhaps, has the most correct knowledge of, of any Man in the Union.
Daniel Webster I have paid $120 for the freedom of Paul Jennings; he agrees to work out the same at $8 per month, to be furnished with board, clothes, washing.
Anonymous The Little President
Rosemary Zagarri James Madison was pessimistic about the country when he could not get accepted his proposal to allow the Congress to veto state laws.
Gordon S. Wood Jefferson, Madison and Washington could not survive in today’s political environment.
Ricardo Rene Lattemont We in America are obsessed with elections. Elections are a waste of time. Unless you have a cohort of political leadership as with a Washington, Madison and Jefferson, what is the point of having an election? So some fool will get elected and be nominally in charge and is not really leading a cohort. There is no sense of political coherence among the elite about what the state is going to be.
Eric Cantor I do not suspect that Jefferson or Madison ever envisioned Congress honoring the 2,560th anniversary of the birth of Confucius or supporting the designation of National Pi Day.
Anonymous Father of the Constitution
John C. Calhoun Our President [James Madison], though a man of amiable manners and great talents, has not I fear those commanding talents, which are necessary to control those about him.
Richard J. Leon The author of our constitution, James Madison, … would be aghast
Jonathan Rauch The idea that an overweening federal government is a threat to both freedom and equality (not to mention prosperity) goes back to Jefferson, James Madison, Patrick Henry and some other fairly respectable personages. You can disagree with them, or with Coolidge or Reagan or Friedrich Hayek or Milton Friedman or George Will, but to dismiss them as nothing more than mouthpieces of the wealthy and big business is to indulge in [a] sort of anti-intellectualism…
Quotes
Quote Topics Cited
... the best ingredients in their Government, the safeguards of peace which is the greatest of their blessings. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
... the decisive engine of impeachment. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
[Describing slavery:] ... a sad blot on our free country. Discrimination & Prejudice ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
[The Senate's role was:] to correct the prejudices, check the intemperate passions, and regulate the functions of a popular assembly [The House of Representatives.] Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
[We must] teach the advocates for an open trade the folly as well as degradation of their policy. Foreign Trade
… lustre of our country. Immigration & Emigration
… peace to be durable, must be founded on stipulations equally beneficial to both parties, the one claiming nothing which it is not willing to grant the other; and on this basis alone will its attainment or preservation by this government be desirable. War & Peace
… power is of an encroaching nature and that it ought to be effectually restrained from passing the limits assigned to it. Power
… what is called free trade, foolishly by some and wickedly by others. Foreign Trade
…the belief in a God All Powerful wise & good, is so essential to the moral order of the World and to the happiness of man…
A certain degree of preparation for war ... affords also the best security for the continuance of peace. Defense & National Security
A popular government, without popular information, or the means of acquiring it is but a prologue to a farce or a tragedy; or perhaps both ... And a people who mean to be their own governors, must arm themselves with the power that knowledge gives. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training ;Secrecy & Transparency ;Media, Journalism & The Press
A public debt is a public curse and in a representative government greater than any other. Budgets & Budgeting
A pure democracy can admit no cure for the mischiefs of faction. A common passion or interest will be felt by a majority, and there is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party Political Parties & Machines
A rage for paper money, for an abolition of debts, for an equal division of property or for any other improper or wicked project, will be less apt to invade the whole body of the Union than a particular member of it. Miscellaneous
A standing military force, with an overgrown Executive will not long be safe companions to liberty. Military & Veterans
A University with sectarian professorships becomes, of course, a sectarian monopoly: with professorships of rival sects, it would be an arena of Theological Gladiators. Without any such professorships, it may incur, for a time at least, the imputation of irreligious tendencies, if not designs. The last difficulty was thought more manageable than either of the others….there seems to be no alternative but between a public University without a theological professorship, and sectarian seminaries without a University Religion & God
A zeal for different opinions concerning religion, concerning government, and many other points, as well of speculation as of practice; an attachment to different leaders ambitiously contending for pre-eminence and power; or to persons of other descriptions whose fortunes have been interesting to the human passions, have, in turn, divided mankind into parties, inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex and oppress each other than to co-operate for their common good. So strong is this propensity of mankind to fall into mutual animosities Political Parties & Machines
All constitutional acts of power, whether in the executive or judicial department, have as much legal validity and obligation as if they proceeded from the legislature. Power
All government is intended for the benefit of the people. Miscellaneous
All men having power ought to be distrusted to a certain degree. Power
All new laws, though penned with the greatest technical skill, and passed on the fullest and most mature deliberation, are considered as more or less obscure and equivocal, until their meaning be liquidated and ascertained by a series of particular discussions and adjudications. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
Ambition must be made to counteract ambition. Lobbying & Special Interests
Among the means of advancing the public interest the occasion is a proper one for recalling the attention of Congress to the great importance of establishing throughout our country the roads and canals which can best be executed under the national authority. No objects within the circle of political economy so richly repay the expense bestowed on them; there are none the utility of which is more universally ascertained and acknowledged Public Works & Natural Resources
An armed and trained militia is the firmest bulwark of republics—that without standing armies their liberty can never be in danger, nor with large ones safe. Military & Veterans
An elective despotism was not the government we fought for; but one in which the powers of government should be so divided and balanced among the several bodies of magistracy as that no one could transcend their legal limits without being effectually checked and restrained by the others. Power
An obvious precaution against the corruption of power is to divide the government. Power
As a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights. Freedom & Liberty
As an improvement in our military establishment, it will deserve the consideration of Congress whether a corps of invalids might not be so organized and employed as at once to aid in the support of meritorious individuals excluded by age or infirmities from the existing establishment, and to procure to the public the benefit of their stationary services and of their exemplary discipline. Military & Veterans
Because the bill in reserving a certain parcel of land of the United States for the use of said Baptist Church comprises a principle and precedent for the appropriation of funds of the United States for the use and support of religious societies, contrary to the article of the Constitution which declares the 'Congress shall make no law respecting a religious establishment’ Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
But the most common and durable source of faction [political parties] has been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society. Political Parties & Machines
But what is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external controls nor internal controls on government would be necessary. Human Nature
Complaints are everywhere heard from our most considerate and virtuous citizens, equally the friends of public and private faith, and of public and personal liberty; that our governments are too unstable; that the public good is disregarded in the conflict of rival parties; and that measures are too often decided, not according to rules of justice, and the rights of the minor party; but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority.... Public Opinion & Polling
Compromise, compromise and compromise. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Congress should not establish a religion and enforce the legal observation of it by law, nor compel men to worship God in any manner contrary to their conscience, or that one sect might obtain a pre-eminence, or two combined together, and establish a religion to which they would compel others to conform Freedom & Liberty
Congress will call to mind that no adequate provision has yet been made for the uniformity of weights and measures also contemplated by the Constitution. The great utility of a standard fixed in its nature and founded on the easy rule of decimal proportions is sufficiently obvious. It led the Government at an early stage to preparatory steps for introducing it, and a completion of the work will be a just title to the public gratitude. Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology
Conscience is the most sacred of all property. Freedom & Liberty
Copyright is too valuable to be wholly renounced. Copyrights, Patents & Intellectual Property
Could any thing in theory be more pernicious improvident and injudicious than this submission of the will of the majority to the most trifling minority? Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention, have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property, and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths. Democracies & Republics
During almost fifteen centuries has the legal establishment of Christianity been on trial. What has been its fruits? More or less, in all places, pride and indolence in the clergy; ignorance and servility in the laity; in both, superstition, bigotry, and persecution. In no instance have...the churches been guardians of the liberties of the people Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
During almost fifteen centuries has the legal establishment of Christianity been on trial. What have been its fruits? More or less in all places, pride and indolence in the Clergy, ignorance and servility in the laity, in both, superstition, bigotry and persecution. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
Duty, gratitude, interest, ambition itself, are the cords by which they [the Federal representatives] will be bound to fidelity and sympathy with the great mass of the people. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Ecclesiastical establishments tend to great ignorance and corruption, all of which facilitate the execution of mischievous projects. Religion & God ;Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
Embargo is not war. War & Peace
Equal laws protecting equal rights ... the best guarantee of loyalty and love of country. Equality & Equal Opportunity
Equal laws protecting equal rights are the best guarantee of loyalty & love of country. Equality & Equal Opportunity
Experience has instructed us that no skill in the science of government has yet been able to discriminate and define, with sufficient certainty, its three great provinces—the legislative, executive, and judiciary; or even the privileges and powers of the different legislative branches. Questions daily occur in the course of practice which prove the obscurity which reigns in these subjects, and which puzzle the greatest adepts in political science. Intergovernmental Relations ;Social Sciences
Experience proves the inefficiency of a bill of rights on those occasions when its control is most needed. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Freedom arises from a multiplicity of sects, which pervades America, and which is the best and only security for religious liberty. Freedom & Liberty
Freedom arises from the multiplicity of sects, which pervades America and which is the best and only security for religious liberty in any society. For where there is such a variety of sects, there can not be a majority of any one sect to oppress and persecute the rest. Religion & God
Frequent appeals to the people [to amend the Constitution] would in great measure deprive the government of that veneration which time bestows on everything. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Governments do better without Kings & Nobles than with them. Management & Managing Government
Had every Athenian citizen been a Socrates, every Athenian assembly would still have been a mob. Democracies & Republics
He was a walking library. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
His [President John Adams'] language to the young men at Philadelphia is the most abominable and degrading that could fall from the lips of the first magistrate of an independent people, and particularly from a Revolutionary patriot. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
History records that the money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit, and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by controlling money and it's issuance Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
I advocate the appointment of [Federal] Judges by the Senate.
I am constrained to advert to the refusal of the governors of Maine and Connecticut to furnish the required detachments of militia toward the defense of the maritime frontier…. It is obvious that if the authority of the United States to call into service and command the militia for the public defense can be thus frustrated, even in a state of declared war and of course under apprehensions of invasion preceding war, they are not one nation. Military & Veterans
I am not unaware of the great importance of roads and canals and the improved navigation of water courses, and that a power in the National Legislature to provide them might be exercised with signal advantage to the general prosperity. Development & Growth ;Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising ;Transportation
I chose rather to indulge my hopes than fears. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
I flatter myself [that we] have in this country [Virginia] extinguished forever the ambitious hope of making laws for the human mind. Freedom & Liberty
I flung forward the flag of the country, sure that the people would press onward and defend it. War & Peace
I have ever regarded the freedom of religious opinions and worship as equally belonging to every sect. Freedom & Liberty
I have no doubt that every new example will succeed, as every past one has done, in showing that religion and Government will both exist in greater purity the less they are mixed together Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
I recommend … the expediency of authorizing the Executive to take temporary possession of any part of parts of said territory [Florida]…. Expansionism, Colonialism & Imperialism
I should not regret a fair and full trial of the entire abolition of capital punishment. Capital Punishment, Dealth Penalty & State Execution
I think it absolutely necessary that the President should have the power of removing [his subordinates] from office; it will make him, in a peculiar manner, responsible for their conduct, and subject him to impeachment himself, if he suffers them to perpetrate with impunity high crimes or misdemeanors against the United States, or neglects to superintend their conduct, so as to check their excesses.
I think it absolutely necessary that the President should have the power of removing his appointees from office; it will make him, in a peculiar manner, responsible for their conduct, and subject him to impeachment himself, if he suffers them to perpetrate with impunity high crimes or misdemeanors against the United States, or neglects to superintend their conduct, so as to check their excesses.
If a majority be united by a common interest, the rights of the minority will be insecure. Minorities & Women
If America and Britain should come to a hostile rupture, I am afraid that an insurrection among the slaves will be promoted. Rebellion, Revolution, Insurgency & Resistance ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls would be necessary. Corruption
If the Church of England had been the established and general religion and all the northern colonies as it has been among us here and uninterrupted tranquility had prevailed throughout the continent, it is clear to me that slavery and subjection might and would have been gradually insulated among us. Union of religious sentiments begets a surprising confidence and ecclesiastical establishments tend to grate ignorance and corruption all of which facilitate the execution of mischievous projects Religion & God ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
If the debates had been public, no constitution would have ever been adopted. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
If the Election be made by the People in large Districts, there will be no danger of Demagogues. Voters, Voting & Elections
If the President be connected, in any suspicious manner, with any person, and there be grounds to believe he will shelter him, the House of Representatives can impeach him. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
If the president were to displace from office a man whose merits require that he should continue in it… he will be impeachable by this House before the Senate, for such an act of mal-administration; for I contend that the wanton removal of meritorious officers would subject him to impeachment and removal from his own high trust. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
If the sense in which the Constitution was accepted and ratified by the Nation . . . be not the guide in expounding it, there can be no security for a consistent and stable government, more than for a faithful exercise of its powers Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
If the States cannot live together in harmony, under the auspices of such a Government as exists, and in the midst of blessings, such as have been the fruits of it, what is the prospect threatened by the abolition of a Common Government, with all the rivalships collisions and animosities, inseparable from such an event. Intergovernmental Relations
If we can make the Constitution better in the opinion of those who are opposed to it, without weakening its frame, or abridging its usefulness, in the judgment of those who are attached to it, we act the part of wise and liberal men. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
If we look into the constitutions of the several States, we find that … there is not a single instance in which the several departments of power have been kept absolutely separate and distinct. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
In a free government the security for civil rights must be the same as that for religious rights ... security in both cases will depend on the number and interests and sects. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
In accommodation with other Powers, differences of opinion must be looked for, even those most agreed on the same general views. Discrimination & Prejudice
In all legislative assemblies, the greater the number composing them may be, the fewer will be the men who will in fact direct their proceedings. Legislating & Legislative Process
In Europe, charters of liberty have been granted by power. America has set the example . . . of charters of power granted by liberty. Power
In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed, and in the next place, oblige it to control itself. Power
In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the place, oblige it to control itself. Power
In no part of the Constitution is more wisdom to be found than in the clause which confides the question of war and peace to the legislature.... [War is] the true nurse of executive aggrandizement. War & Peace
In no part of the Constitution is more wisdom to be found than in the clause which confides the question of war or peace to the legislature, and not to the executive department. ... War is in fact the true nurse of executive aggrandizement. In war, a physical force is to be created; and it is the executive will which is to direct it. In war, the public treasures are to be unlocked; and it is the executive hand which is to dispense them. ... It is in war, finally, that laurels are to be gathered, and it is the executive brow they are to encircle. The strongest passions and most dangerous weaknesses of the human breast; ambition, avarice, vanity, the honorable or venial love of fame, are all in conspiracy against the desire and duty of peace War & Peace
In order to judge of the form to be given to this institution [the Senate], it will be proper to take a view of the ends to be served by it. These were,—first, to protect the people against their rulers, secondly, to protect the people against the transient impressions into which they themselves might be led. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
In our Governments, the real power lies in the majority of the Community, and the invasion of private rights is chiefly to be apprehended, not from the acts of Government contrary to the sense of its constituents, but from acts in which the Government is the mere instrument of the major number of the constituents. Power
In the British government, the danger of encroachment on the rights of the people, is understood to be confined to the executive magistrate. The representatives of the people in the legislature, are not only exempt themselves, from distrust, but are considered as sufficient guardians of the rights of their constituents against the danger from the executive. Hence, it is a principle, that the parliament is unlimited in its power, or, in their own language, is omnipotent. Hence, too, all the ramparts for protecting the rights of the people, such as the Magna Carta, their Bill of Rights &c., are not reared against the parliament, but against the royal prerogative. Power
In the Papal System, Government and Religion are in a manner consolidated, and that is found to be the worst of government. Religion & God
In this country the people, not the Government, possess the absolute sovereignty. Power
In time of actual war, great discretionary powers are constantly given to the Executive Magistrate. Constant apprehension of War, has the same tendency to render the head too large for the body. War & Peace
Is it not the glory of the people of America, that, whilst they have paid a decent respect to the opinions of former times and other nations, they have not suffered a blind veneration for antiquity, for custom, or for names, to overrule the suggestions of their own good sense. Miscellaneous
Is it to be imagined that an ordinary citizen or even an Assemblyman from Rhode Island in estimating the policy of paper money, ever considered or cared, in what light the measure would be viewed in France or Holland; or even in Massachusetts or Connecticut? Public Opinion & Polling ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
Is the appointment of Chaplains to the two Houses of Congress consistent with the Constitution, and with the pure principle of religious freedom? In strictness, the answer on both points must be in the negative. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Is the appointment of Chaplains to the two Houses of Congress consistent with the Constitution, and with the pure principle of religious freedom? In the strictness the answer on both points must be in the negative. The Constitution of the U. S. forbids everything like an establishment of a national religion. The law appointing Chaplains establishes a religious worship for the national representatives, to be performed by Ministers of religion, elected by a majority of them; and these are to be paid out of the national taxes. Does not this involve the principle of a national establishment, applicable to a provision for a religious worship for the Constituent as well as of the representative Body, approved by the majority, and conducted by Ministers of religion paid by the entire nation? …. If Religion consist in voluntary acts of individuals, singly, or voluntarily associated, and it be proper that public functionaries, as well as their Constituents should discharge their religious duties, let them like their Constituents, do so at their own expense. How small a contribution from each member of Congress would suffice for the purpose! How just would it be in its principle! How noble in its exemplary sacrifice to the genius of the Constitution; and the divine right of conscience! Why should the expence of a religious worship be allowed for the Legislature, be paid by the public Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
It can never be admitted that the trade of a neutral nation in articles not contraband, can be legally obstructed to any place not actually blockaded. Foreign Trade
It is a further boast that a regular mode of making proper alterations has been providently inserted into the Constitution itself. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
It is a happy reflection that any defect of constitutional authority which may be encountered can be supplied in a mode which the Constitution itself has providently pointed out. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
It is a principle incorporated into the settled policy of America, that as peace is better than war, war is better than tribute.. Policy & Policy Making ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
It is against the enterprising ambition of this department [the legislature] that the people ought to indulge all their jealousy and exhaust all their precautions. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
It is fortunate when disputed theories can be decided by undisputed facts. Oratory, Discussion & Debate
It is impossible to consider the degree of concord which ultimately prevailed as less than a miracle. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
It is in vain to say that enlightened statesmen will always be able to adjust their interests. Enlightened men will not always be at the helm. Leaders & Leadership
It is my sincere opinion that the Constitution ought to be revised, and that the first Congress meeting under it, ought to prepare and recommend to the States for ratification, the most satisfactory provisions for all essential rights … Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
it is obvious that there is only wanting to the fiscal prosperity of the Government the restoration of an uniform medium of exchange … it is essential that the nation should possess a currency of equal value, credit, and use wherever it may circulate. The Constitution has entrusted Congress exclusively with the power of creating and regulating a currency Money, Coins & Minting
It is the duty of every man to render to the Creator such homage, and such only, as he believes to be acceptable to him. Religion & God
It is universally admitted that a well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
It may not be easy, in every possible case, to trace the line of separation between the rights of religion and the Civil authority with such distinctness as to avoid collisions and doubts on unessential points. The tendency of a usurpation on one side or the other, or to a corrupting coalition or alliance between them, will be best guarded by an entire abstinence of the Government from interference in any way whatever, beyond the necessity of preserving public order, and protecting each sect against trespass on its legal rights by others. Religion & God
It will be of little avail to the people, that the laws are made by men of their own choice, if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood. Legislating & Legislative Process
It would be a novel and dangerous doctrine that a legislature could change the constitution under which it held its existence. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Learned institutions ought to be favorite objects with every free people. They throw a light over the public mind which is the best security against crafty & dangerous encroachments on the public liberty. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Let the national government be armed with positive and complete authority. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Men love power. Power
Monopolies are sacrifices of the many to the few … it is much more to be dreaded that the few will be unnecessarily sacrificed to the many Policy & Policy Making
Newfangled and artificial treasons have been the great engines by which violent factions, the natural offspring of free government, have usually wreaked their alternate malignity on each other. Nationalism & Treason ;Citizenship & Patriotism
Next to the effectual establishment of the Union, the best possible precaution against danger from standing armies is a limitation of the term for which revenue may be appropriated to their support. Budgets & Budgeting
No free country has ever been without parties. Political Parties & Machines
No government any more than an individual will long be respected, without being truly respectable. Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives shall take effect, until and election of Representatives shall have intervened. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
No man can be a competent legislator who does not add to an upright intention and a sound judgement, a certain degree of knowledge on the subjects on which he is to legislate. Detriments & Qualifications ;Public Office: Benefits
No Man would be so daring as to place a veto on a Law that had passed with the assent of the Legislature Oratory, Discussion & Debate
No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. War & Peace
No person religiously scrupulous of bearing arms shall be compelled to render military service. Military & Veterans
Our ordinary income is barely at a par with our ordinary expenditures and new taxes must be ready. Taxes
Our system of government is protected from the cabal of the few and the confusion of the multitude. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Perhaps it is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged against provisions against danger, real or pretended from abroad. Defense & National Security
Perhaps it is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged to provisions against danger real or pretended from abroad. Freedom & Liberty
Power, lodged as it must be in human hands, will be ever liable to abuse. Corruption
Prior to the Revolution, the Episcopal Church was established by law in this State. On the Declaration of independence it was left with all other sects, to a self-support. And no doubt exists that there is much more of religion among us now than there ever was before the change; and particularly in the Sect which enjoyed the legal patronage. This proves rather more than, that the law is not necessary to the support of religion. Religion & God
Proofs multiply daily of the difficulty of obtaining regulars, and of the fluctuating resources of the militia. High bounties and short enlistments, however objectionable, will alone fill the ranks, and then too in moderate number. Military & Veterans
Questions of policy and expediency are unsusceptible of judicial cognizance and decision Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
Religion & Government. will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together Religion & God
Religion and Government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together. Religion & God
Respect for character is always diminished in proportion to the number among whom the blame or praise is to be divided. Legislating & Legislative Process
Satisfy the public mind that their liberties will be perpetual. Public Opinion & Polling
Since the general civilization of mankind, I believe there are more instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power, than by violent and sudden usurpations. Freedom & Liberty
Some degree of abuse is inseparable from the proper use of every thing; and in no instance is this more true than in that of the press. It has accordingly been decided, by the practice of the states, that it is better to leave a few of its noxious branches to their luxuriant growth, than, by pruning them away, to injure the vigor of those yielding the proper fruits. And can the wisdom of this policy be doubted by any one who reflects that to the press alone, checkered as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity over error and oppression? Media, Journalism & The Press
Some degree of abuse is inseparable from the proper use of everything. Corruption
Squatter English, Languages & Bilingualism
Strongly guarded as is the separation between religion and & Gov't in the Constitution of the United States the danger of encroachment by Ecclesiastical Bodies, may be illustrated by precedents already furnished in their short history Religion & God
Such a conspiracy does not accord with the general sentiments or views of the United States to intermeddle in the domestic contests of other nations.. War & Peace ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
Supplies of the most essential kinds find their way not only to British ports and British armies at a distance, but the armies in our neighborhood with which our own are contending derive from our ports and outlets a subsistence attainable if at all from other sources. Foreign Trade
T]he prevailing opinion in Europe, England not excepted, has been that religion could not be preserved without the support of government nor government be supported without an established religion that there must be at least an alliance of some sort between them. It remained for North America to bring the great and interesting subject to a fair, and finally a decisive test Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny. Power
The advantage of being armed ... the Americans possess over the people of all other nations.... Notwithstanding the military establishments in the several Kingdoms of Europe, which are carried as far as the public resources will bear, the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms. Guns & Gun Control
The civil Government, though bereft of everything like an associated hierarchy, possesses the requisite stability, and performs its functions with complete success, whilst the number, the industry, and the morality of the priesthood, and the devotion of the people, have been manifestly increased by the total separation of the church from the State Management & Managing Government
The constitution supposes, what the History of all Governments demonstrates, that the Executive is the branch of power most interested in war and most prone to it. War & Peace
The danger of silent accumulations and encroachments by ecclesiastical bodies has not sufficiently engaged attention in the U.S. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
The danger of undue power in the President is not, to me, formidable. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
The essence of government is power; and power, lodged as it must be in human hands, will ever be liable to abuse Power
The experience of the United States is a happy disproof of the error so long rooted in the unenlightened minds of well-meaning Christians, as well as in the corrupt hearts of persecuting usurpers, that without a legal incorporation of religious and civil polity, neither could be supported. A mutual independence is found most friendly to practical Religion, to social harmony, and to political prosperity Management & Managing Government
The Federal and State governments are in fact but different agents and trustees of the people, constituted with different powers and designed for different purposes…. The ultimate authority … resides in the people alone. Intergovernmental Relations
The Federal Government’s assumption of the various State debts from the Revolutionary War has caused a buying frenzy and unscrupulous speculators are still exploring interior & distant parts of the Union in order to take advantage of the holders. Intergovernmental Relations
The first thing objected to, is that clause which allows a representation for three-fifths of the negroes. Much has been said of the impropriety of representing men who have no will of their own. Whether this be reasoning or declamation, I will not presume to say. It is the unfortunate situation of the Southern States, to have a great part of their population, as well as property, in blacks. The regulation complained of was one result of the spirit of accommodation which governed the Convention; and without this indulgence, no Union could possibly have been formed Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
The great danger to our general government is the great southern and northern interests of the continent being opposed to each other. [The states are] divided into different interests not by their difference in size ... but principally from their having or not having slaves. States. Nations & Nationhood ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
The great object in view is to limit and qualify the powers of government. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The happy union of these states is a wonder: their constitution a miracle: their example the hope of liberty throughout the world States. Nations & Nationhood
The House of Representatives cannot only refuse, but they alone can propose the supplies requisite for the support of the government. They, in a word, hold the purse: that powerful instrument by which we behold in the in the history of the British constitution an infant and humble representation of the people, gradually enlarging the sphere of its activity and importance, and finally reducing, as far as it seems to have wished, all the overgrown prerogatives of the other branches of the government. Budgets & Budgeting
The importance which I have attached to the establishment of a university within this District on a scale and for objects worthy of the American nation induces me to renew my recommendation of it to the favorable consideration of Congress. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
The Indian tribes within our limits appear also disposed to remain at peace. From several of them purchases of lands have been made particularly favorable to the wishes and security of our frontier settlements, as well as to the general interests of the nation. In some instances the titles, though not supported by due proof, and clashing those of one tribe with the claims of another, have been extinguished by double purchases, the benevolent policy of the United States preferring the augmented expense to the hazard of doing injustice or to the enforcement of justice against a feeble and untutored people by means involving or threatening an effusion of blood. Minorities & Women
the latent causes of faction [which causes men] to vex and oppress each other. Religion & God
The legislative department is everywhere extending the sphere of its activity and drawing all power into its impetuous vortex. Legislating & Legislative Process
The man who is possessed of wealth, who lolls on his sofa or rolls in his carriage, cannot judge the wants or feelings of the day-laborer. Human Nature
The management of foreign relations appears to be the most susceptible of abuse of all the trusts committed to a Government. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
The means of defense against foreign danger have been always the instruments of tyranny at home. Among the Romans it was a standing maxim to excite a war, whenever a revolt was apprehended. Throughout all Europe, the armies kept up under the pretext of defending, have enslaved the people. Defense & National Security
The more simple, the more republican we are in our manners, the more rational dignity we shall acquire. Miscellaneous
The new Constitution should be ratified in the most unexceptional form, and by the supreme authority of the people themselves. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The people are, in fact, the fountain of all power. Power
The people can never err more in supposing that by multiplying their representatives beyond a certain limit they strengthen the barrier against the government of a few. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. – Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the Federal Government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State Governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation and foreign commerce;... the powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects, which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties and prosperities of the people. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The present Congress have as complete authority to require of the States indefinite supplies of money for the common defense and general welfare, as the future Congress will have to require them of individual citizens; and the latter will be no more bound than the States themselves have been, to pay the quotas respectively taxed on them. Taxes
The President is responsible to the public for the conduct of the person he has nominated and appointed.
The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the ceaseless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe in blood for centuries. Freedom & Liberty
The Religion then of every man must be left to the conviction and conscience of every man; and it is the right of every man to exercise it as these may dictate. This right is in its nature an unalienable right. Religion & God
The republic has been structured to guard against the cabals of a few as well as against confusion of a multitude, but how each House of Congress would maintain that balance was left to the discretion of the two bodies. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
The rights of persons, and the rights of property, are the objects, for the protection of which Government was instituted. Government ;Freedom & Liberty
The rules of legal interpretation are rules of common sense, adopted by the courts in the construction of the laws. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
The safety and happiness of society are the objects at which all political institutions aim and to which all such institutions must be sacrificed. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
The settled opinion here is, that religion is essentially distinct from civil Government, and exempt from its cognizance; that a connection between them is injurious to both. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The State governments are as liable to attack these invaluable privileges as the General Government is, and therefore ought to be as cautiously guarded against States. Nations & Nationhood
The States neglect their Militia now, and the more they are consolidated into one nation, the less each will rely on its own interior provisions for its safety. . . . The Discipline of the Militia is evidently a National concern, and ought to be provided for in the National Constitution. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
The superintending government ought clearly to possess authority to defend the system against aristocratic or monarchical innovations . Miscellaneous
The truth is that all men having power ought to be mistrusted. Truth ;Power
The union of so many states will be seen in the eyes of the world—a wonder. States. Nations & Nationhood
The United States owe it to the world as well as to themselves to let the example of one government at least protect against the corruption which prevails. Corruption
The war has proved that our free government, like other free governments, though slow in its early movements, acquires in its progress a force proportioned to its freedom. War & Peace
Their ideas may contradict the sense of the whole people; hence the consequence that instructions are binding on the representative is of a doubtful, if not a dangerous nature. Legislating & Legislative Process
There are more instances of the abridgement of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations. Freedom & Liberty
There is a seeming impropriety in leaving any set of men without control to put their hand into the public coffers, to take out money to put in their pockets. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
There is no maxim ... which is more liable to be misapplied ... than the current one that the interest of the majority is the political standard of right and wrong. Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
There is not a shadow of right in the general government to intermeddle with religion Religion & God
There never was a government without force.... A governement leaving it to a man to do his duty, or not, as he pleases, would be a new species of government , or rather no government at all. Government ;Management & Managing Government
They [the English] have not, it is true, taken into their own hands the hatchet and the knife, devoted to indiscriminate massacre, but they have let loose the savages armed with these cruel instruments; have allured them into their service, and carried them to battle by their sides, eager to glut their savage thirst with the blood of the vanquished and to finish the work of torture and death on maimed and defenseless captives. Miscellaneous
Those most adjacent to the seat of legislation will always possess advantages over others. Legislating & Legislative Process
Those who are to conduct a war cannot in the nature of things, be proper and safe judges of whether a war ought to be commenced, continued or concluded. War & Peace
to negative all laws passed by the several States, contravening in the opinion of the National Legislature the articles of Union. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
To the press alone, chequered as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity over error and oppression. Media, Journalism & The Press
To the press alone, chequred as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity, over error and oppression. Media, Journalism & The Press
to vex and oppress each other. Religion & God
Turbulence, violence, and abuse of power, by the majority trampling on the rights of the minority, have produced factions and commotions, which, in republics, have, more frequently than any other cause, produced despotism. Political Parties & Machines
Twenty years will produce all the mischief that can be apprehended from the liberty to import slaves; so long a term will be more dishonorable to the American character than to say nothing about it in the Constitution. Freedom & Liberty ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
Universities are the temple through which alone lies the road to that of Liberty. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Voting should be the right of the great body of the society…an inconsiderable proportion, or a favored class of it; otherwise a handful of tyrannical nobles, exercising their oppressions by a delegation of their powers, might aspire to the rank of republicans, and claim for their government the honorable title of republic. Democracies & Republics
was not, like the fabled Goddess of Wisdom, the offspring of a single brain. It ought to be regarded as the work of many heads and many hands. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Was, then, the American Revolution effected, was the American Confederacy formed, was the precious blood of thousands spilt, and the hard-earned substance of millions lavished, not that the people of America should enjoy peace, liberty, and safety, but that the government of the individual States, that particular municipal establishments, might enjoy a certain extent of power, and be arrayed with certain dignities and attributes of sovereignty? Intergovernmental Relations
We are teaching the world the great truth, that Governments do better without kings and nobles than with them. The merit will be doubled by the other lesson: the Religion flourishes in greater purity without, than with the aid of Government Democracies & Republics
We may define a republic to be … a government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by persons holding their offices during pleasure for a limited period, or during good behavior. Democracies & Republics
What description of Indians are to be deemed members of a State, is not yet settled; and has been a question of frequent perplexity and contention in the Federal Councils. And how the trade with Indians, though not members of a State, yet residing within its legislative jurisdiction, can be regulated by an external authority, without so far intruding on the internal rights of legislation, is absolutely incomprehensible. This is not the only case in which the articles of confederation have inconsiderately endeavored to accomplish impossibilities; Intergovernmental Relations
What influence in fact have ecclesiastical establishments had on civil society? In some instances they have been seen to erect a spiritual tyranny on reigns of Civil authority; in many cases they have seen the upholding of the throne of political tyranny: In no instance have they been seen to be the guardians of the liberty of the people. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
What influence in fact have ecclesiastical establishments had on Civil Society? In some instances they have been seen to erect a spiritual tyranny on the ruins of the Civil authority; in many instances they have been seen upholding the thrones of political tyranny: in no instance have they been seen the guardians of the liberties of the people. Rulers who wished to subvert the public liberty, may have found an established Clergy convenient auxiliaries. A just Government instituted to secure & perpetuate it needs them not. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
What is government itself but the great reflection of human nature. Human Nature
What spectacle can be more edifying or more seasonable, than that of liberty & learning, each leaning on the other for their mutual & surest support? Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Whatever may have been the intention of the framers of a constitution, or of a law, that intention is to be sought for in the instrument itself, according to the usual and established rules of construction. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Wherever the real power in a Government lies, there is the danger of oppression Power
Wherever the real power in a Government lies, there is the danger of oppression. Power
Wherever the real power in a government lies, there is the danger of oppression. In our Government the real power lies in the majority of the community. Freedom & Liberty
Who are to be the electors? Not the rich more than the poor, not the learned more than the ignorant, not the haughty heirs of distinguished names more than the humble sons of obscure and unpropitious fortune. The electors are to be the great body of the people of the United States. Voters, Voting & Elections
Who does not see that the same authority which can establish Christianity in exclusion of all other religions may establish, with the same ease, any particular sect of Christians in exclusion of all other sects. Religion & God
A man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them. Communication & Communications
A pure democracy is a society consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the government in person. Society ;Government
A sincere and steadfast co-operation in promoting such a reconstruction of our political system as would provide for the permanent liberty and happiness of the United States. Happiness & Unhappiness
A well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained in arms, is the best most natural defense of a free country.
A well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people.
All that seems indispensible in stating the account between the dead and the living, is to see that the debts against the latter do not exceed the advances made by the former.
America was indebted to immigration for her settlement and prosperity. That part of America which had encouraged them most had advanced most rapidly in population, agriculture and the arts.
Americans have the right and advantage of being armed - unlike the citizens of other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms. Trust
And I have no doubt that every new example will succeed, as every past one has done, in showing that religion and Government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together. Religion & God ;Government
Any reading not of a vicious species must be a good substitute for the amusements too apt to fill up the leisure of the labouring classes.
As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed.
By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.
Commercial shackles are generally unjust, oppressive, and impolitic.
Despotism can only exist in darkness, and there are too many lights now in the political firmament to permit it to remain anywhere, as it has heretofore done, almost everywhere.
Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government. Government
Each generation should be made to bear the burden of its own wars, instead of carrying them on, at the expense of other generations.
Every nation whose affairs betray a want of wisdom and stability may calculate on every loss which can be sustained from the more systematic policy of its wiser neighbors.
I believe there are more instances of the abridgement of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations. Power ;Freedom & Liberty
I have no doubt but that the misery of the lower classes will be found to abate whenever the Government assumes a freer aspect and the laws favor a subdivision of Property. Government
If men were angels, no government would be necessary. Government
If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy.
If we are to take for the criterion of truth the majority of suffrages, they ought to be gotten from those philosophic and patriotic citizens who cultivate their reason. Truth
In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. Government
In no instance have... the churches been guardians of the liberties of the people.
In Republics, the great danger is, that the majority may not sufficiently respect the rights of the minority. Respect
It is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged to the provisions against danger, real or pretended, from abroad. Truth ;Freedom & Liberty
It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood.
Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training ;Intelligence, Spying, Espionage & Covert Operations
Learned Institutions ought to be favorite objects with every free people. They throw that light over the public mind which is the best security against crafty and dangerous encroachments on the public liberty.
Let me recommend the best medicine in the world: a long journey, at a mild season, through a pleasant country, in easy stages.
Liberty may be endangered by the abuse of liberty, but also by the abuse of power. Power
Of all the enemies of public liberty, war is perhaps the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War & Peace
Perhaps it is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged to provisions against danger, real or pretended, from abroad. Truth
Philosophy is common sense with big words.
Religion flourishes in greater purity, without than with the aid of Government. Religion & God ;Government
Religious bondage shackles and debilitates the mind and unfits it for every noble enterprise, every expanded prospect.
The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
The capacity of the female mind for studies of the highest order cannot be doubted, having been sufficiently illustrated by its works of genius, of erudition, and of science. Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology
The circulation of confidence is better than the circulation of money. Money, Coins & Minting
The class of citizens who provide at once their own food and their own raiment, may be viewed as the most truly independent and happy. Independence ;Nutrition, Food, Starvation, Farming & Agriculture
The Constitution preserves the advantage of being armed which Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation where the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms. Trust
The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to an uniformity of interests. The protection of these faculties is the first object of government. Government
The essence of Government is power; and power, lodged as it must be in human hands, will ever be liable to abuse. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training ;Power
The executive has no right, in any case, to decide the question, whether there is or is not cause for declaring war. War & Peace
The happy Union of these States is a wonder; their Constitution a miracle; their example the hope of Liberty throughout the world. Hope
The internal effects of a mutable policy poisons the blessings of liberty itself.
The loss of liberty at home is to be charged to the provisions against danger, real or imagined, from abroad.
The means of defense against foreign danger historically have become the instruments of tyranny at home.
The number, the industry, and the morality of the priesthood, and the devotion of the people have been manifestly increased by the total separation of the church from the state.
The operations of the federal government will be most extensive and important in times of war and danger; those of the state governments, in times of peace and security. Government ;War & Peace
The people are the only legitimate fountain of power, and it is from them that the constitutional charter, under which the several branches of government hold their power, is derived. Power ;Government
The personal right to acquire property, which is a natural right, gives to property, when acquired, a right to protection, as a social right.
The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the ceaseless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe with blood for centuries.
There is no maxim, in my opinion, which is more liable to be misapplied, and which, therefore, more needs elucidation, than the current one, that the interest of the majority is the political standard of right and wrong.
To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people, is a chimerical idea. Happiness & Unhappiness ;Government
Union of religious sentiments begets a surprising confidence.
War contains so much folly, as well as wickedness, that much is to be hoped from the progress of reason. War & Peace
War should only be declared by the authority of the people, whose toils and treasures are to support its burdens, instead of the government which is to reap its fruits. Government ;War & Peace
We are right to take alarm at the first experiment upon our liberties.
What is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. Nature ;Government
What prudent merchant will hazard his fortunes in any new branch of commerce when he knows not that his plans may be rendered unlawful before they can be executed?
What spectacle can be more edifying or more seasonable, than that of Liberty and Learning, each leaning on the other for their mutual and surest support? Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Whenever a youth is ascertained to possess talents meriting an education which his parents cannot afford, he should be carried forward at the public expense. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected. No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his faculties, or his possessions. Power
Wherever there is interest and power to do wrong, wrong will generally be done. Power