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  • Nationality: International
  • Profession: Fraternal Organization









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Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients. The degrees of Freemasonry retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow, and Master Mason. The candidate of these three degrees is progressively taught the meanings of the symbols of Freemasonry, and entrusted with grips, signs and words to signify to other members that he has been so initiated. The initiations are part allegorical morality play and part lecture. The three degrees are offered by Craft (or Blue Lodge) Freemasonry. Members of these organisations are known as Freemasons or Masons. There are additional degrees, which vary with locality and jurisdiction, and are usually administered by their own bodies (separate from those who administer the craft degrees).

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... always supporting his [a fellow Mason's] military fame and political preferment in opposition to another. Miscellaneous
… if he is in Want, you must relieve him if you can, or else direct him how he may be relieved; you must employ him some days, or else recommend him to be employ’d. But you are not charged to do beyond your ability, only to prefer a poor Brother, that is a good Man and true before any other poor People in the same Circumstance. Welfare
Make no 'prentice that is deformed; It is mean, as you may hear That he have all his limbs whole all together; To the craft it were great shame, To make a halt man and a lame, For an imperfect man of such blood Should do the craft but little good. Thus you may know every one, The craft would have a mighty man; A maimed man he hath no might, You must it know long ere night Discrimination & Prejudice ;Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
Of neither parties to take no bribe; Of lord nor fellow, whoever he be, Of them thou take no manner of fee; And as a judge stand upright, And then thou dost to both good right And truly do this wheresoever thou goest, Thy worship, thy profit, it shall be most. Corruption ;Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
That no master for favour nor dread, Shall no thief neither clothe nor feed. Thieves he shall harbour never one, Nor him that hath killed a man, Nor the same that hath a feeble name, Lest it would turn the craft to shame. Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
The twelfth article is of high honesty To every mason wheresoever he be, He shall not his fellows' work deprave, If that he will his honesty save; With honest words he it commend, Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
Therefore no private Piques or Quarrels must be brought within the Door of the Lodge, far less any Quarrels about Religion, or Nations, or State Policy Miscellaneous