Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sanger
Frederick Sanger
  • Born: August 13, 1918
  • Died: November 19, 2013
  • Nationality: British
  • Profession: Scientist

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Frederick Sanger OM CH CBE FAA was a British biochemist who twice won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, one of only two people to have done so in the same category (the other is John Bardeen in physics), the fourth person overall with two Nobel Prizes, and the third person overall with two Nobel Prizes in the sciences. In 1958, he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin". In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the chemistry prize "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids". The other half was awarded to Paul Berg "for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant DNA".

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After taking my B.A. degree in 1939 I remained at the University for a further year to take an advanced course in Biochemistry, and surprised myself and my teachers by obtaining a first class examination result.
And indeed this theme has been at the centre of all my research since 1943, both because of its intrinsic fascination and my conviction that a knowledge of sequences could contribute much to our understanding of living matter. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
I and my colleagues here have been engaged in the pursuit of knowledge. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
I believe that we have been doing this not primarily to achieve riches or even honour, but rather because we were interested in the work, enjoyed doing it and felt very strongly that it was worthwhile. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
I was married to Margaret Joan Howe in 1940. Although not a scientist herself she has contributed more to my work than anyone else by providing a peaceful and happy home. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
In this atmosphere I soon became interested in nucleic acids.
Influenced by him, and probably even more so by my brother Theodore (a year older than me), I soon became interested in biology and developed a respect for the importance of science and the scientific method. Respect ;Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology
Initially I had intended to study medicine, but before going to University I had decided that I would be better suited to a career in which I could concentrate my activities and interests more on a single goal than appeared to be possible in my father's profession.
It is like a voyage of discovery into unknown lands, seeking not for new territory but for new knowledge. It should appeal to those with a good sense of adventure. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
It was Neuberger who first taught me how to do research, both technically and as a way of life, and I owe much to him. Life
Scientific research is one of the most exciting and rewarding of occupations. Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology
Through art and science in their broadest senses it is possible to make a permanent contribution towards the improvement and enrichment of human life and it is these pursuits that we students are engaged in. Life ;Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology ;Arts, Culture, Entertainment & Lifestyle
Until 1943 I received no stipend. I was able to support myself as my mother was the daughter of a relatively wealthy cotton manufacturer.
When I was young my Father used to tell me that the two most worthwhile pursuits in life were the pursuit of truth and of beauty and I believe that Alfred Nobel must have felt much the same when he gave these prizes for literature and the sciences. Truth ;Life