Franklin D. Roosevelt

(Franklin Delano Roosevelt)

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Born: January 30, 1882
  • Died: April 12, 1945
  • Nationality: American
  • Profession: President









Franklin Delano Roosevelt, often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections and became a central figure in world events during the first half of the 20th century. Roosevelt directed the federal government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. As a dominant leader of his party, he built the New Deal Coalition, which realigned American politics into the Fifth Party System and defined American liberalism throughout the middle third of the 20th century. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II. He is often rated by scholars as one of the three greatest U.S. presidents, along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

Quote Topics Cited
[Advising a member of his cabinet on handling the cabinet: Never let your left hand know what your right hand is doing. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
[General Douglas] Macarthur is the most dangerous man in America. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
[Pay no heed to] the old fetishes of so-called international bankers…. The sound internal economic system of a nation is a greater factor in its well-being than the price of its currency in changing terms of the currencies of other nations. Money, Coins & Minting
… a day that will live in world history … History
… a host of unemployed citizens face the grim problem of existence, and an equally great number toil with little return. Only a foolish optimist can deny the dark realities of the moment. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
… clean up thoroughly unwholesome conditions in the field of investment. In this we have had assistance from many bankers and businessmen, most of whom recognize the past evils in the banking system, in the sale of securities, in the deliberate encouragement of stock gambling, in the sale of unsound mortgages and in many other ways in which the public lost billions of dollars. They saw that without changes in the policies and methods of investment there could be no recovery of public confidence in the security of savings. Business, Commerce & Finance
… he must deceive, misrepresent, leave false impressions … and trust to charm, loyalty and the result to make up for it…. A great man cannot be a good man. Leaders & Leadership
… not to destroy individualism but to protect it Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
… the only thing we have to fear is fear itself—nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
… there must be a strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments; there must be an end to speculation with other people's money Regulation & Deregulation
… we must frankly recognize the overbalance of population in our industrial centers and, by engaging on a national scale in a redistribution, endeavor to provide a better use of the land Miscellaneous
… whenever a Judge or Justice of any Federal Court has reached the age of seventy and does not avail himself of the opportunity to retire on a pension, a new member shall be appointed by the President then in office, with the approval, as required by the Constitution, of the Senate of the United States. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned how to walk forward. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes ;Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
A good society is able to face schemes of world domination and foreign revolutions alike without fear. Defense & National Security ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
A government can punish specific acts of spoliation; but no government can conscript cooperation. Loyalty & Loyalty Oaths
A great many sportsmen have urged me to support this bill. It is hard for me to understand the interest of sportsmen in pistols. I myself have fished and hunted a great deal. I have a deep interest in outdoor sports and the various associations which foster them, but it is common knowledge, of course, that fishermen never use a pistol and hunters practically never use a pistol... [even for] theoretical self-protection, the value of a revolver is very problematical.. Guns & Gun Control
A host of unemployed citizens face the grim problem of existence, and an equally great number toil with little return. Only a foolish optimist can deny the dark realities of the moment. Poverty
A man’s got to walk if he is going to be in politics. Health, Healthcare & Medicine ;Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
A nation of homeowners is unconquerable. Housing
A radical is a man with both feet firmly planted — in the air. A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned to walk forward. A reactionary is a somnambulist walking backwards. A liberal is a man who uses his legs and his hands at the behest — at the command — of his head. Liberals & Conservatives
Actively search for spending bills that I can veto as a sign of … financial stewardship. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
All excess income should go to win the war [WWII]. Taxes
All of the Nations have suffered alike in this great depression. They have all reached the conclusion that each can best be helped by the common action of all. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
All safe deposit boxes in banks or financial institutions have been sealed... and may only be opened in the presence of an agent of the I.R.S. Regulation & Deregulation
Always--from the very day we were attacked--it was right militarily as well as morally to reject the arguments of those shortsighted people who would have had us throw Britain and Russia to the Nazi wolves and concentrate against the Japanese War & Peace
American foreign policy must uphold the sanctity of international treaties. That is the cornerstone on which all relations between nations must rest. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
Among men of good will, science and democracy together offer an ever-richer life and ever-larger satisfaction to the individual. Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology
An enduring peace cannot be achieved without a strong America-- strong in the social and economic sense as well as in the military sense. Power ;Social Sciences
Anastasio Somoza may be an SOB, but he is our SOB. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
Are we going to take the hands of the federal government completely off any effort to adjust the growing of national crops, and go right straight back to the old principle that every farmer is a lord of his own farm and can do anything he wants, raise anything, any old time, in any quantity, and sell any time he wants?
As a matter of general sound public policy, I am very certain that there is a requirement that where a public official is under inquiry or investigation, especially an elected official, and it appears that his scale of living or the total of his bank deposits far exceeds the public salary which he is known to receive, he, the elected public official, owes a positive public duty to the community to give a reasonable or credible explanation of the sources of the deposits, or the source which enables him to maintain a scale of living beyond the amount of his salary. Corruption
Ask Nehru to write me a letter and tell me exactly what he wants me to do for India.. Diplomacy & Diplomats ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
Be sincere, be brief, be seated. Oratory, Discussion & Debate
Because all of us believe that our democratic form of government can cope adequately with modern problems as they arise, it is patriotic as well as logical for us to prove that we can meet new national needs with new laws consistent with a historic constitutional framework clearly intended to receive liberal and not narrow interpretation. Management & Managing Government
Bill, you’re the only wild-eyed Republican, I’d ever let in here with a weapon.
But in a world of high tension and disorder, in a world where stable civilization is actually threatened, it becomes the responsibility of each nation which strives for peace at home and peace with and among others to be strong enough to assure the observance of those fundamentals of peaceful solution of conflicts which are the only ultimate basis for orderly existence. War & Peace
China, in the last – less than half a century, has become one of the great democracies of the world. Diplomacy & Diplomats
Churchill is the best man the British have even if he is drunk half the time. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
Civilization cannot go back; civilization must not stand still. We have undertaken new methods. It is our task to perfect, to improve, to alter when necessary, but in all cases to go forward. To consolidate what we are doing, to make our economic and social structure capable of dealing with modern life, is the joint task of the legislative, the judicial, and the executive branches of the National Government. Development & Growth
Comparison is the thief of joy.
Confidence... thrives on honesty, on honor, on the sacredness of obligations, on faithful protection and on unselfish performance. Leaders & Leadership
Currency stabilization is just one of the old fetishes of so called ‘international bankers”. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
De Gaulle has all the characteristics to be a dictator. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
Democracy alone, of all forms of government, enlists the full force of men's enlightened will. Democracies & Republics
Disregard for treaty obligations seems to have followed the surface trend away from the democratic representative form of government. It would seem, therefore, that world peace through international agreements is most safe in the hands of democratic representative governments- or, in other words, peace is most greatly jeopardized in and by those nations where democracy has been discarded or has never developed. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Economic diseases are highly communicable. It follows, therefore, that the economic health of every country is a proper matter of concern to all its neighbors, near and distant. Only through a dynamic and a soundly expanding world economy can the living standards of individual nations be advanced to levels which will permit a full realization of our hopes for the future. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
Editorialists who tell downright lies in order to advance their own agendas do more to discredit the press than all the censors in the world. Media, Journalism & The Press
Equality of opportunity as we have known it no longer exists… we are steering a steady course toward economic oligarchy, if we are not there already” Equality & Equal Opportunity
Europe does not ask us to do their fighting. They ask us for the implements of war, the planes, the tanks, the guns, the freighters which will enable them to fight for their liberty and for our security. Emphatically we must get these weapons to them, get them to them in sufficient volume and quickly enough, so that we and our children will be saved the agony and suffering of war which others have had to endure. War & Peace
Forces of the United States Navy have today arrived in Iceland in order to supplement, and eventually to replace, the British forces which have until now been stationed in Iceland in order to insure the adequate defense of that country. War & Peace
Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Freedom & Liberty
Freedom of worship is of no use to a man who has lost his God. Religion & God
Freedom to learn is the first necessity of guaranteeing that man himself shall be self-reliant enough to be free.… when the clock of civilization can be turned back by burning libraries, by exiling scientists, artists, musicians, writers and teachers; by disbursing universities, and by censoring news and literature and art; an added burden, an added burden is placed on those countries where the courts of free thought and free learning still burn bright. If the fires of freedom and civil liberties burn low in other lands they must be made brighter in our own. Freedom & Liberty
Full employment means not only jobs--but productive jobs. Americans do not regard jobs that pay substandard wages as productive jobs. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Genuine association of interest on the part of the great powers must precede the transformation of the united nations military alliance into a political society of nations. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Germans understand only force. States. Nations & Nationhood
Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Government has a final responsibility for the well-being of its citizenship. If private cooperative endeavor fails to provide work for willing hands and relief for the unfortunate, those suffering hardship from no fault of their own have a right to call upon the Government for aid; and a government worthy of its name must make fitting response. Welfare
Government is competent when all who compose it work as trustees for the whole people. It can make constant progress when it keeps abreast of all the facts. It can obtain justified support and legitimate criticism when the people receive true information of all that government does. Secrecy & Transparency
Great accumulations of wealth cannot be justified on the basis of personal and family security. In the last analysis such accumulations amount to the perpetuation of great and undesirable concentration of control in a relatively few individuals over the employment and welfare of many, many others. Families, Children & Parenting
Guns, planes, ships and many other things have to be built in the factories and arsenals of America. They have to be produced by workers and managers and engineers with the aid of machines which in turn have to be built by hundreds of thousands of workers throughout the land…. As President of the United States I call for that national effort. I call for it in the name of this nation which we love and honor and which we are privileged and proud to serve. I call upon our people with absolute confidence that our common cause will greatly succeeds. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Happiness lies not in the mere possession of money; it lies in the joy of achievement, in the thrill of creative effort Human Nature
Happiness lies not in the mere possession of money; it lies in the joy of achievement, in the thrill of creative effort. The joy and moral stimulation of work no longer must be forgotten in the mad chase of evanescent profits. Work, Workers & The Labor Force ;Capitalism
Having a wife who is a columnist, I occasionally have to wait for her so she can meet her deadline. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
He has the best political mind of all the generals I have. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
He may be a son of a bitch but he is our son of a bitch. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
He’s a son-of-a-bitch, but he’s our son-of-a-bitch. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
Heads of great governments in this hour are literally responsible for the fate of humanity in the coming years. They cannot fail to hear the prayers of their peoples to be protected from the foreseeable chaos of war. History will hold them accountable for the lives and the happiness of all--even unto the least. War & Peace
Human kindness has never weakened the stamina or softened the fiber of a free people. A nation does not have to be cruel to be tough. Human Nature
I am anxious to help Chiang Kai-shek… I hope you can invent some way of doing this. Foreign Aid
I am not going to indulge in issuing proclamations of overenthusiastic assurance. We cannot bally-ho ourselves back to prosperity. Oratory, Discussion & Debate
I ask the Congress not to take any action which would in any way hamper or delay the delivery of American-made planes to foreign nations which have ordered them or seek to purchase more planes. That, from the point of view of our own national defense, would be extremely short-sighted. Our immediate problem is to superimpose on this productive capacity a greatly increased additional productive capacity. Foreign Aid ;War & Peace
I call upon all the loyal citizens engaged in production for defense to give precedence to the needs of the nation to the end that a system of government that makes private enterprise possible may survive. Defense & National Security
I cannot believe that human beings live that way. Poverty
I deem it to be of paramount importance for the safety and security of America that all reasonable munitions help be provided for Russia, not only immediately but as long as she continues to fight the Axis Powers effectively. War & Peace ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
I didn’t want you to recommend anyone for the place who I cannot implicitly rely upon to refuse a $10 bill when an Italian offers it to him, as will happen almost every day. Detriments & Qualifications ;Public Office: Benefits
I do not assert that a President and the Congress must on all points agree with each other at all times. Many times in history there has been complete disagreement between the two branches of the Government, and in these disagreements sometimes the Congress has won and sometimes the President has won. Intergovernmental Relations
I do not deny that we may make mistakes of procedure as we carry out the policy. I have no expectation of making a hit every time I come to bat. What I seek is the highest possible batting average, not only for myself but for the team. Management & Managing Government
I have done all I can to prevent wars. All my life I've been dedicated to preventing just what has happened today. War & Peace
I have seen war. I have seen war on land and sea. I have seen blood running from the wounded. I have seen men coughing out their gassed lungs. I have seen the dead in the mud. I have seen cities destroyed. I have seen two hundred limping exhausted men come out of line-the survivors of a regiment of one thousand that went forward forty-eight hours before. I have seen children starving. I have seen the agony of mothers and wives. I hate war…. I wish I could keep war from all Nations; but that is beyond my power. I can at least make certain that no act of the United States helps to produce or to promote war. I can at least make clear that the conscience of America revolts against war and that any Nation which provokes war forfeits the sympathy of the people of the United States. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
I hope that the SOB who is responsible for this will rot in Hell! Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
I hope that the SOB who is responsible for this will rot in Hell! Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
I never want to see that son of a bitch again as long as I live. Take his resignation and get him out of here. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished. Housing
I see tens of millions of its citizens--a substantial part of its whole population--who at this very moment are denied the greater part of what the very lowest standards of today call the necessities of life. Poverty
I shall continue to regard it as my duty to use whatever means may be necessary to supplement State, local, and private agencies for the relief of suffering caused by unemployment. With respect to this question, I have recognized the dangers inherent in the direct giving of relief and have sought the means to provide not mere relief by the opportunity for useful and remunerative work. We shall, in the process of recovery, seek to move as rapidly as possible from direct relief to publicly supported work, and from that to the rapid restoration of private employment. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
I think we all realize too that there are some people in this Capital City whose task is in large part to stir up dissension, and to magnify normal healthy disagreements so that they appear to be irreconcilable conflicts. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
I think we consider too much the good luck of the early bird and not enough the bad luck of the early worm. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
I’ve fired my last shot. I think I should have another round in my belt. Miscellaneous
I’ve won the election. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
If a demagogue like Huey Long takes up anti-Semitism in this country, there will be more blood running in our streets than in Berlin. Miscellaneous
If a man farms his land to the waste of the soil or the tress, he destroys not only his own assets but Nature's assets.
If in other lands the press and books and literature of all kinds are censored, we must redouble our efforts here to keep them free.. Freedom & Liberty
If our system of government were changed, so as to give to the Governor the duty of overriding and nullifying a definite elective choice by removing an elected official for acts committed prior to his election, with full public knowledge thereof, such change would create in Albany a power so dangerous in the hands of an unscrupulous Governor that the will of the electorate could be wholly destroyed. Power
If the country is to flourish, capital must be invested in enterprise. But those who seek to draw upon other people's money must be wholly candid regarding the facts on which the investor's judgment is asked. Regulation & Deregulation
If we are to avail ourselves fully of the benefits of civil aviation, and if we are to use the automobiles we can produce, it will be necessary to construct thousands of airports and to overhaul our entire national highway system. Transportation
If we cannot do this one way we will do it another. Do it, we will. Leaders & Leadership
If we learned anything from the depression we will not allow ourselves to run around in new circles of futile discussion and debate, always postponing the day of decision. Policy & Policy Making
If you treat people right they will treat you right — ninety percent of the time. Human Nature
Iffy English, Languages & Bilingualism
Immediate relief for the unemployed was the first essential Work, Workers & The Labor Force
In history, nothing happens by accident. If it happened, you can bet someone planned it. History
In oligarchies, militarism has leaped forward, while in those nations which have retained democracy militarism has waned. Democracies & Republics
In the early spring of this year there were actually and proportionately more people out of work in this country than in any other nation in the world. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
In the last four years the sound rule of giving statutes the benefit of all reasonable doubt has been cast aside. The Court has been acting not as a judicial body, but as a policy-making body…. Judges who will bring to the Courts a present-day sense of the Constitution - Judges who will retain in the Courts the judicial functions of a court, and reject the legislative powers which the courts have today assumed. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
In the past few months, as a result of our action, we have demanded of many citizens that they surrender certain licenses to do as they please in their business relationships; but we have asked this in exchange for the protection which the state can give against exploitation by their fellow men or by combinations of their fellow men. Business, Commerce & Finance
It is human nature on the part of those who pay graduated taxes to attack all taxes based on the ability to pay. These are the same complainants who for a generation blocked the imposition of a graduated income tax. They are the same complainants who would impose the type of flat sales tax which places the burden of the government more on those least able to pay and less on those most able to pay. Taxes
It is in this area Winston, that there is likely to be some disagreement between you and me. Expansionism, Colonialism & Imperialism
It is not new and it is not order. Expansionism, Colonialism & Imperialism
It is our purpose to respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live and to see sovereign rights and self-government restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
It leads to a false belief in America that we have taken great step forward. It does not contribute in any way to settling matters of international controversy. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
It seems appropriate to call attention at this time to the fine spirit shown during the past year by our public servants. I cannot praise too highly the cheerful work of the civil-service employees, and of those temporarily working for the Government. Management & Managing Government
It takes a crook to catch those crooks. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
It’s the least I could do for her. She served me so well for so long and asked nothing in return. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership ;Elderly, Aging. Old Age, Social Security & Pensions
Last year, after much consideration, I recommended that the Congress adopt a national service act as the most efficient and democratic way of insuring full production for our war requirements. This recommendation was not adopted. I now again call upon the Congress to enact this measure for the total mobilization of all our human resources for the prosecution of the war…. National service legislation would make it possible to put ourselves in a position to assure certain and speedy action in meeting our manpower needs. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Let us have the courage to stop borrowing to meet continuing deficits. Revenues must cover expenditures by one means or another. Any government, like any family, can, for a year, spend a little more than it earns. But you know and I know that a continuation of the habit means the poor house. Budgets & Budgeting
Liberty requires opportunity to make a living - a living decent according to the standard of the time, a living which gives man not only enough to live by, but something to live for. Freedom & Liberty
Many of those who represent great cities have shown their understanding and necessity of helping the agricultural third of the nation. I hope that those who represent constituencies primarily agricultural will not underestimate the importance of extending like aid to the industrial third. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds. Human Nature
Men may differ as to the particular form of governmental activity with respect to industry and business, but nearly all are agreed that private enterprise in times such as these cannot be left without assistance and without reasonable safeguards lest it destroy not only itself but also our processes of civilization. Regulation & Deregulation ;Capitalism
Nations like individuals do not always see alike or think alike, and international cooperation and progress are not helped by any nation assuming that it has a monopoly of wisdom or of virtue. Intergovernmental Relations
Nearly all of us recognize that as intricacies of human relationships increase, so power to govern them also must increase--power to stop evil; power to do good. Power
Never again should we Democrats wear the livery of the conservative. Political Parties & Machines
Never since Jamestown and Plymouth Rock has our American civilization been in such danger as now. War & Peace
Neville Chamberlain thoroughly dislikes Americans. Miscellaneous
No business is above government, and government must be empowered to deal adequately with any business that tries to rise above government. Regulation & Deregulation
No cracked earth, no blistering sun, no burning wind, no grasshoppers, are a permanent match for the indomitable American farmers and stockmen and their wives and children who have carried on through desperate days, and inspire us with their self-reliance, their tenacity and their courage. It was their fathers' task to make homes; it is their task to keep those homes; it is our task to help them with their fight.
No nation can appease the Nazi. No man can tame a tiger into a kitten by stroking it. Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
No reasonable person seeks a complete uniformity in wages in every part of the United States; nor does any reasonable person seek an immediate and drastic change from the lowest to the highest pay. We are seeking, of course, only legislation to end starvation wages and intolerable hours; more desirable wages are and should continue to be the product of collective bargaining. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Our Constitution of 1787 was not a perfect instrument; it is not perfect yet. But it provided a firm base upon which all manner of men, of all races and colors and creeds, could build our solid structure of democracy. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
Our dollar is now altogether too greatly influenced by the accidents of international trade, by the internal policies of other nations and by political disturbance in other continents. Therefore the United States must take firmly in its own hands the control of the gold value of our dollar. This is necessary in order to prevent dollar disturbances from swinging us away from our ultimate goal. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
Our greatest primary task is to put people to work. This is no unsolvable problem if we face it wisely and courageously. It can be accomplished in part by direct recruiting by the Government itself, treating the task as we would treat the emergency of a war, but at the same time, through this employment, accomplishing greatly needed projects to stimulate and reorganize the use of our natural resources. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Our international trade relations, though vastly important, are in point of time and necessity, secondary to the establishment of a sound national economy. I favor as a practical policy the putting of first things first. Foreign Trade
Our power will be directed toward ultimate good as well as against immediate evil. We Americans are not destroyers; we are builders. Power ;Propaganda & Disinformation
Our power will be directed toward ultimate good as well as against immediate evil. We Americans are not destroyers; we are builders. Power
Our revenue laws have operated in many ways to the unfair advantage of the few, and they have done little to prevent an unjust concentration of wealth and economic power. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
Out of this modern civilization, economic royalists carved new dynasties. New kingdoms were built upon concentration of control over material things. Through new uses of corporations, banks and securities, new machinery of industry and agriculture, of labor and capital - all undreamed of by the Fathers - the whole structure of modern life was impressed into this royal service. Development & Growth
Perfectionism, no less than isolationism or imperialism or power politics, may obstruct the paths to international peace. Let us not forget that the retreat to isolationism a quarter of a century ago was started not by a direct attack against international cooperation but against the alleged imperfections of the peace. War & Peace
Please see if it is feasible to create these roads so that they will pay for themselves. Transportation
Plenty is at our doorstep, but a generous use of it languishes in the very sight of the supply. Primarily this is because the rulers of the exchange of mankind's goods have failed, through their own stubbornness and their own incompetence, have admitted their failure, and abdicated. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
Practices of the unscrupulous money changers stand indicted in the court of public opinion, rejected by the hearts and minds of men. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
Private enterprise is ceasing to be free enterprise. Private enterprise indeed became too private. It became privileged enterprise, not free enterprise Business, Commerce & Finance
Rapid changes - the machine age, the advent of universal and rapid communication, and many other new factors - have brought new problems. Succeeding generations have attempted to keep pace by reforming in piecemeal fashion this or that attendant abuse. As a result evils overlap and reform becomes confused and frustrated. We lose sight, from time to time, of our ultimate human objectives. Development & Growth
Refrain from claiming that public works created indirect jobs as a result of spending by construction workers Memorials, Monuments, Medals, Statues & Buildings
Remember 1932. You remember the closed banks and the breadlines and the starvation wages; the foreclosures of homes and farms, and the bankruptcies of business; the Hoovervilles: and the young men and women of the Nation facing a hopeless, jobless, future: the closed factories and mines and mills: the ruined and abandoned farms: the stalled railroads and the empty clocks; the blank despair of a whole Nation—and the utter impotence of the Federal Government. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
Set a thief to catch a thief.
So long as war exists on earth there will be some danger that even the Nation which most ardently desires peace may be drawn into war. War & Peace ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
Speculative income should not be favored over earned income. Taxes
State of the Union Oratory, Discussion & Debate
Taxes must produce ample revenues without discouraging enterprise; and if it is to be just it must distribute the burden of taxes equitably. Taxes
The 4 policeman United Nations
The attempt to make a distinction between recovery and reform is a narrowly conceived effort to substitute the appearance of reality for reality itself. When a man is convalescing from illness, wisdom dictates not only cure of the symptoms but also removal of their cause. Reform, Change, Transformation & Reformers
The Congress also passed legislation authorizing the sale of beer in such states as desired. This has already resulted in considerable reemployment and, incidentally, has provided much needed tax revenue. Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs
The country needs and, unless I mistake its temper, the country demands bold, persistent experimentation. It is common sense to take a method and try it: If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something. Management & Managing Government
The deeper purpose of democratic government is to assist as many of its citizens as possible - especially those who need it most - to improve their conditions of life, to retain all personal liberty which does not adversely affect their neighbors, and to pursue the happiness which comes with security and an opportunity for recreation and culture. Democracies & Republics
The democratic aspiration is no mere recent phase in human history . . . It was written in Magna Carta.. Democracies & Republics
The essential democracy of our Nation and the safety of our people depend not upon the absence of power, but upon lodging it with those whom the people can change or continue at stated intervals through an honest and free system of elections Power
The hopes of the Republic cannot forever tolerate either undeserved poverty or self-serving wealth. Poverty
The hopes of the Republic cannot forever tolerate either undeserved poverty or self-serving wealth. Poverty
The hours men and women worked, the wages they received, the conditions of their labor - these had passed beyond the control of the people, and were imposed by this new industrial dictatorship. The savings of the average family, the capital of the small-businessmen, the investments set aside for old age -- other people's money -- these were tools which the new economic royalty used to dig itself in.. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
The industrial revolution was accomplished by a group of financial titans, whose methods were not scrutinized with too much care, and who were honored in proportion as they produced the results, irrespective of the means they used. Business, Commerce & Finance
The lessons of history, confirmed by the evidence immediately before me, show conclusively that continued dependence upon relief induces a spiritual and moral disintegration fundamentally destructive to the national fibre. To dole out relief in this way is to administer a narcotic, a subtle destroyer of the human spirit. It is inimical to the dictates of sound policy. It is in violation of the traditions of America. Work must be found for able-bodied but destitute workers. The Federal Government must and shall quit this business of relief. Welfare
The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than the democratic state itself. That, in its essence, is fascism –-- ownership of government by an individual, by a group, or by any other controlling private power. Power
The money changers have fled from their high seats in the temple of our civilization. We may now restore that temple to the ancient truths. The measure of the restoration lies in the extent to which we apply social values more noble than mere monetary profit. Morality, Ethics & Conflict of Interest
The Nation has no obligation to make America safe for incompetent businessmen or for businessmen who fail to note the trend of the times and continue the use of machinery of economics and practices of finance as outworn as the cotton spindle of 1870. Business, Commerce & Finance
The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself. Environment & Environmentalism
The overwhelming majority of people in this country know how to sift the wheat from the chaff in what they hear and what they read. They know that the process of the constructive rebuilding of America cannot be done in a day or a year, but that it is being done in spite of the few who seek to confuse them and to profit by their confusion. Public Opinion & Polling
The peace loving nations must make a concerted effort in opposition to those violations of treaties and those ignorings of humane instincts which today are creating a state of international anarchy and instability from which there is no escape through mere isolation or neutrality.... When an epidemic of physical disease starts to spread, the community approves and joins in a quarantine of the patients in order to protect the health of the community against the spread of the disease. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
The people of China well over a century have been, in thought and in objective, closer to us Americans than almost any other peoples of the world—the same great ideals. Diplomacy & Diplomats
The people of this country have been erroneously encouraged to believe that they could keep on increasing the output of farm and factory indefinitely and that some magician would find ways and means for that increased output to be consumed with reasonable profit to the producer. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
The people of this country, by an overwhelming vote, are in favor of having Congress-- this Congress-- put a floor below which industrial wages shall not fall, and a ceiling beyond which the hours of industrial labor shall not rise. Regulation & Deregulation
The process of our democracy must not be imperiled by the denial of essential powers of free government. Democracies & Republics
The program you are to discuss constitutes, of course, only one phase of the arrangements which must be made between nations to ensure an orderly, harmonious world. But it is a vital phase, affecting ordinary men and women everywhere. For it concerns the basis upon which they will be able to exchange with one another the natural riches of the earth and the products of their own industry and ingenuity. Commerce is the life- blood of a free society. We must see to it that the arteries which carry that blood stream are not clogged again, as they have been in the past, by artificial barriers created through senseless economic rivalries. United Nations
The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the large centers has owned the government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson Lobbying & Special Interests
The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the larger centers has owned the Government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson — and I am not wholly excepting the Administration of Woodrow Wilson. The country is going through a repetition of Jackson's fight with the Bank of the United States — only on a far bigger and broader basis. Business, Commerce & Finance
The royalists of the economic order have conceded that political freedom was the business of the government, but they have maintained that economic slavery was nobody's business. They granted that the government could protect the citizen in his right to vote, but they denied that the government could do anything to protect the citizen in his right to work and his right to live…. If the average citizen is guaranteed equal opportunity in the polling place, he must have equal opportunity in the market place. Equality & Equal Opportunity ;Slaves, Slavery & The Slave Trade
The rulers of the exchange of mankind's goods have failed, through their own stubbornness and their own incompetence, have admitted their failure, and abdicated. Compliments, Insults & Rebukes
The Russian entry will prevent the Nazi domination of Europe… I do not think that there is any danger of Russian domination of Europe. War & Peace
The so-called anti-trust laws were intended to prevent the creation of monopolies and to forbid unreasonable profits to those monopolies Business, Commerce & Finance
The South presents right now the Nation’s No. 1 economic problem. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs ;Poverty
The tax program is based upon a broad and just social and economic purpose ... not to destroy wealth, but to create a broader range of opportunity, to restrain the growth of unwholesome and sterile accumulations. Taxes
The ultimate failures of dictatorship cost humanity far more than the temporary failures of democracy. Democracies & Republics ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
The United States must take into its own hands the control of the gold value of the dollar. Money, Coins & Minting
The verdict is for the trumpeter swan and against the army. The army will have to find another nesting place. Environment & Environmentalism ;Parks & Recreation
The verdict is for the trumpeter swan and against the army. The army will have to find another nesting place. Parks & Recreation
The way to disarm is to disarm.... Arms Race & Disarmament
There are many communities in the United States where the average family income is pitifully low. It is in those communities that we find the poorest educational facilities and the worst conditions of health. Why? It is not because they are satisfied to live as they do. It is because those communities have the lowest per capital wealth and income; therefore the lowest ability to pay taxes; and therefore inadequate functioning of local government. Budgets & Budgeting
There are practices which most people believe should be ended. They include … the shifting of actual production form one locality or region to another in pursuit of the cheapest wage scale. Business, Commerce & Finance ;Capitalism
There is nothing so American as our national parks …. They are not just for rich people. Parks & Recreation
There is nothing so American as our national parks …. They are not just for rich people. Parks & Recreation
There must be some kind of factory in every town. That is the only way to break German morale. War & Peace
They (who) seek to establish systems of government based on the regimentation of all human beings by a handful of individual rulers … call this a new order. It is not new and it is not order. Reform, Change, Transformation & Reformers
They are unanimous in their hate for me, and I welcome their hatred. Liberals & Conservatives
This elects me! Civil Disorder, Riots, Protests & Demonstrations
This Government intends no injury to honest business. The processes we follow in seeking social justice do not, in adding to general prosperity, take from one and give to another. In this modern world, the spreading out of opportunity ought not to consist of robbing Peter to pay Paul. In other words, we are concerned with more than mere subtraction and addition. We are concerned with multiplication also -- multiplication of wealth through cooperative action, wealth in which all can share. Policy & Policy Making
This is the most important cabinet meeting since 1861 Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
This Nation asks for action, and action now. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women. Democracies & Republics
This nation is asking for action and action now. Regulation & Deregulation
This war must be waged--it is being waged--with the greatest and most persistent intensity. Everything we are and have is at stake. Everything we are and have will be given. War & Peace
Those who tilled the soil no longer reaped the rewards which were their right. The small measure of their gains was decreed by men in distant cities.
Those who would measure confidence in this country in the future must look first to the average citizen. . . . Citizenship & Patriotism
Those words freedom and opportunity do not mean a license to climb upwards by pushing other people down. Freedom & Liberty ;Capitalism
To those who say that our expenditures for Public Works and other means for recovery are a waste that we cannot afford, I answer that no country, however rich, can afford the waste of its human resources. Demoralization caused by vast unemployment is our greatest extravagance. Morally, it is the greatest menace to our social order. Public Works & Natural Resources
True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made. Freedom & Liberty ;Dictators, Despots, Autocrats, Autocracies & Dictatorships
Two months ago we were facing serious problems. The country was dying by inches. It was dying because trade and commerce had declined to dangerously low levels; prices for basic commodities were such as to destroy the value of the assets of national institutions such as banks, savings banks, insurance companies, and others. These institutions, because of their great needs, were foreclosing mortgages, calling loans, refusing credit. Thus there was actually in process of destruction the property of millions of people. Economics, The Economy & Fiscal Affairs
Unless you work on weapons, Hitler will win. Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology
Uranium Committee of the National Bureau of Standards Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Weapons & Energy
War costs money. That means taxes and bonds and bonds and taxes. It means cutting luxuries and other non essentials. Budgets & Budgeting
We all know that books burn—yet we have the greater knowledge that books cannot be killed by fire. People die but books never die. Arts, Culture, Entertainment & Lifestyle
We Americans have always believed in freedom of opportunity, and equality of opportunity remains one of the principal objectives of our national life. What we believe in for individuals, we believe in also for nations. We are opposed to restrictions, whether by public act or private arrangement, which distort and impair commerce, transit and trade. We have house cleaning of our own to do in this regard. But it is our hope, not only in the interest of our own prosperity but in the interest of the prosperity of the world, that trade and commerce and access to materials and markets may be freer after this war than ever before in the history of the world. Business, Commerce & Finance ;Foreign Trade
We Americans have always believed in freedom of opportunity, and equality of opportunity remains one of the principal objectives of our national life. What we believe in for individuals, we believe in also for nations. We are opposed to restrictions, whether by public act or private arrangement, which distort and impair commerce, transit and trade. We have house cleaning of our own to do in this regard. But it is our hope, not only in the interest of our own prosperity but in the interest of the prosperity of the world, that trade and commerce and access to materials and markets may be freer after this war than ever before in the history of the world. Business, Commerce & Finance
We are going to see with our own eyes electricity made so cheap that it would become a standard article for use, not only for manufacturing but for every home…. I know that this empty desert country is going to be filled with men, women and children, making an honest livelihood… Development & Growth
We are spending altogether too much money for government services which are neither practical nor necessary. In addition to this, we are attempting too many functions and we need a simplification of what the Federal government is giving the people. Budgets & Budgeting
We can never protect 100% of the population against 100% of the vicissitudes of life. Miscellaneous
We cannot always build the future for our youth, but we can build our youth for the future. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
We cannot measure our safety in terms of miles on a map any more. Defense & National Security
We continue the policy of not permitting any needy American who can and is willing to work to starve because the Federal Government does not provide work. Policy & Policy Making
We do not ask the courts to call nonexistent powers into being, but we have a right to expect that conceded powers or those legitimately implied shall be made effective instruments for the common good. Law, Courts, Jails, Crime & Law Enforcement
We do not destroy ambition, nor do we seek to divide our wealth into equal shares on stated occasions. We continue to recognize the greater ability of some to earn more than others. But we do assert that the ambition of the individual to obtain for him and his a proper security, a reasonable leisure, and a decent living throughout life is an ambition to be preferred to the appetite for great wealth and great power. Equality & Equal Opportunity ;Capitalism
We do not retreat. We are not content to stand still. As Americans, we go forward Miscellaneous
We have … a clear mandate from the people, that Americans must forswear that conception of the acquisition of wealth which, through excessive profits, creates undue private power over private affairs and, to our misfortune, over public affairs as well. Business, Commerce & Finance ;Capitalism
We have been discovering that vast numbers of our farming population live in a poverty more abject than that of many of the farmers of Europe, whom we are wont to call peasants
We have learned that we cannot live alone, at peace; that our own well-being is dependent on the well-being of other nations far away. We have learned that we must live as men, not as ostriches Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
We have made a mistake. You have been right all along. Foreign Aid
We know now that if we lose this war, it will be generations or even centuries before our concept of democracy can live again. War & Peace
We must be the great arsenal of democracy. For us this is an emergency as serious as war itself. We must apply ourselves to our task with the same resolution, the same sense of urgency, the same spirit of patriotism and sacrifice as we would show were we at war. Defense & National Security
We must especially beware of that small group of selfish men who would clip the wings of the American Eagle in order to feather their own nests. Loyalty & Loyalty Oaths
We must preserve not only the bodies of the unemployed from destitution but also their self-respect, their self-reliance, and courage and determination. Welfare
We must scrupulously guard the civil rights and civil liberties of all our citizens, whatever their background. We must remember that any oppression, any injustice, any hatred, is a wedge designed to attack our civilization. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
We must tame these fellows and make them useful to us. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
We need you! Slogans & Mottoes
We require two safeguards against a return of the evils of the old order; there must be a strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments; there must be an end to speculation with other people's money, and there must be provision for an adequate but sound currency. Regulation & Deregulation
We seek the definite end of preventing combinations in furtherance of monopoly and in restraint of trade Business, Commerce & Finance
We shall strive for perfection. We shall not achieve it immediately--but we still shall strive. We may make mistakes--but they must never be mistakes which result from faintness of heart or abandonment of moral principle. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
We will extend to the opponents of force the material resources of this nation. Defense & National Security
Wealth in the modern world does not come merely from individual effort; it results from a combination of individual effort and of the manifold uses to which the community puts that effort. The individual does not create the product of his industry with his own hands; he utilizes the many processes and forces of mass production to meet the demands of a national and international market. Therefore, in spite of the great importance in our national life of the efforts and ingenuity of unusual individuals, the people in the mass have inevitably helped to make large fortunes possible. Without mass cooperation great accumulations of wealth would be impossible save by unhealthy speculation. Business, Commerce & Finance
Whatever the enemy may be planning, American science will be equal to the challenge. Defense & National Security
When the businessmen of the country were demanding the right to organize themselves adequately to promote their legitimate interests; when the farmers were demanding legislation which would give them opportunities and incentives to organize themselves for a common advance, it was natural that the workers should seek and obtain a statutory declaration of their constitutional right to organize themselves for collective bargaining. Labor Unions, Labor Relations & Strikes
When the Chief Justice read me the oath and came to the words ‘support the Constitution of the United States’ I felt like saying: "Yes, but it's the Constitution as I understand it, flexible enough to meet any new problem of democracy--not the kind of Constitution your Court has raised up as a barrier to progress and democracy.”. Constitution / Bills & Declaratiobns of Rights
When you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you do not wait until he has struck before you crush him. Defense & National Security
When you sit around with a Britisher, he usually gets 80 percent of the deal Diplomacy & Diplomats ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
You and I are the two best actors in America. Presidency, Vice Presidency & Prime Ministership
You have convinced me that you are right. Now go out there and force me to do it. Lobbying & Special Interests
You have repeatedly asserted that you and the German people have no desire for war. If this is true there need be no war. Nothing can persuade the peoples of the earth that any governing power has any right or need to inflict the consequences of war on its own or any other people save in the cause of self-evident home defense. War & Peace ;Foreign Policy, World & International Affairs
You may have heard that … I breakfasted every morning on a dish of grilled millionaire. Miscellaneous
Your government is still on the same side of the street as the Good Samaritan and not those who pass by on the other side. Welfare
A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people.
A reactionary is a somnambulist walking backwards.
Are you laboring under the impression that I read these memoranda of yours? I can't even lift them.
Art is not a treasure in the past or an importation from another land, but part of the present life of all living and creating peoples. Life ;Arts, Culture, Entertainment & Lifestyle
Be sincere; be brief; be seated.
But while they prate of economic laws, men and women are starving. We must lay hold of the fact that economic laws are not made by nature. They are made by human beings. Women ;Nature
Competition has been shown to be useful up to a certain point and no further, but cooperation, which is the thing we must strive for today, begins where competition leaves off.
Confidence... thrives on honesty, on honor, on the sacredness of obligations, on faithful protection and on unselfish performance. Without them it cannot live.
Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Don't forget what I discovered that over ninety percent of all national deficits from 1921 to 1939 were caused by payments for past, present, and future wars. Future ;War & Peace
Favor comes because for a brief moment in the great space of human change and progress some general human purpose finds in him a satisfactory embodiment.
Happiness lies in the joy of achievement and the thrill of creative effort. Happiness & Unhappiness ;Success
Here is my principle: Taxes shall be levied according to ability to pay. That is the only American principle.
I am a Christian and a Democrat, that's all.
I am neither bitter nor cynical but I do wish there was less immaturity in political thinking.
I ask you to judge me by the enemies I have made.
I believe that in every country the people themselves are more peaceably and liberally inclined than their governments.
I do not look upon these United States as a finished product. We are still in the making.
If civilization is to survive, we must cultivate the science of human relationships - the ability of all peoples, of all kinds, to live together, in the same world at peace. Relationships ;Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology ;War & Peace
If I went to work in a factory the first thing I'd do is join a union. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
If we can boondoggle ourselves out of this depression, that word is going to be enshrined in the hearts of the American people for years to come.
If you treat people right they will treat you right... ninety percent of the time. Time
I'm not the smartest fellow in the world, but I can sure pick smart colleagues. Intelligence, Spying, Espionage & Covert Operations
In our personal ambitions we are individualists. But in our seeking for economic and political progress as a nation, we all go up or else all go down as one people.
In our seeking for economic and political progress, we all go up - or else we all go down.
In politics, nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way. Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
It is an unfortunate human failing that a full pocketbook often groans more loudly than an empty stomach.
It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something.
It is fun to be in the same decade with you.
It is the duty of the President to propose and it is the privilege of the Congress to dispose.
It isn't sufficient just to want - you've got to ask yourself what you are going to do to get the things you want.
It takes a long time to bring the past up to the present. Time
Let us never forget that government is ourselves and not an alien power over us. The ultimate rulers of our democracy are not a President and senators and congressmen and government officials, but the voters of this country. Power ;Government
More than an end to war, we want an end to the beginning of all wars - yes, an end to this brutal, inhuman and thoroughly impractical method of settling the differences between governments. War & Peace
No government can help the destinies of people who insist in putting sectional and class consciousness ahead of general weal. Government
No group and no government can properly prescribe precisely what should constitute the body of knowledge with which true education is concerned. Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training
Nobody will ever deprive the American people of the right to vote except the American people themselves and the only way they could do this is by not voting.
Not only our future economic soundness but the very soundness of our democratic institutions depends on the determination of our government to give employment to idle men. Future ;Government
One thing is sure. We have to do something. We have to do the best we know how at the moment... If it doesn't turn out right, we can modify it as we go along.
Our national determination to keep free of foreign wars and foreign entanglements cannot prevent us from feeling deep concern when ideals and principles that we have cherished are challenged.
Physical strength can never permanently withstand the impact of spiritual force. Religion & God
Prosperous farmers mean more employment, more prosperity for the workers and the business men of every industrial area in the whole country. Business, Commerce & Finance
Put two or three men in positions of conflicting authority. This will force them to work at loggerheads, allowing you to be the ultimate arbiter. Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Remember you are just an extra in everyone else's play.
Rules are not necessarily sacred, principles are.
Self-interest is the enemy of all true affection.
Take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly, and try another. But by all means, try something.
The only limit to our realization of tomorrow will be our doubts of today.
The only sure bulwark of continuing liberty is a government strong enough to protect the interests of the people, and a people strong enough and well enough informed to maintain its sovereign control over the goverment. Government ;Freedom & Liberty
The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.
The overwhelming majority of Americans are possessed of two great qualities a sense of humor and a sense of proportion. Humor
The point in history at which we stand is full of promise and danger. The world will either move forward toward unity and widely shared prosperity - or it will move apart. History
The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to economize.
The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much it is whether we provide enough for those who have little. History
The truth is found when men are free to pursue it. Truth
The United States Constitution has proved itself the most marvelously elastic compilation of rules of government ever written. Government
The virtues are lost in self-interest as rivers are lost in the sea.
There are as many opinions as there are experts.
There are many ways of going forward, but only one way of standing still.
There is a mysterious cycle in human events. To some generations much is given. Of other generations much is expected. This generation of Americans has a rendezvous with destiny.
There is nothing I love as much as a good fight. Love, Romance, Marriage & Sex
This generation of Americans has a rendezvous with destiny.
Those newspapers of the nation which most loudly cried dictatorship against me would have been the first to justify the beginnings of dictatorship by somebody else.
To reach a port, we must sail - sail, not tie at anchor - sail, not drift.
War is a contagion. War & Peace
We are trying to construct a more inclusive society. We are going to make a country in which no one is left out. Society
We continue to recognize the greater ability of some to earn more than others. But we do assert that the ambition of the individual to obtain for him a proper security is an ambition to be preferred to the appetite for great wealth and great power. Power
We have always held to the hope, the belief, the conviction that there is a better life, a better world, beyond the horizon. Life ;Hope
We must lay hold of the fact that economic laws are not made by nature. They are made by human beings. Nature
When you reach the end of your rope, tie a knot in it and hang on. Motivation
When you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you do not wait until he has struck to crush him.
Whoever seeks to set one religion against another seeks to destroy all religion. Religion & God
Yesterday, December seventh, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. We will gain the inevitable triumph, so help us God. Religion & God ;War & Peace