Arthur Holly Compton was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his 1923 discovery of the Compton effect, which demonstrated the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation. It was a sensational discovery at the time: the wave nature of light had been well-demonstrated, but the idea that light had both wave and particle properties was not easily accepted. He is also known for his leadership of the Manhattan Project's Metallurgical Laboratory, and served as Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis from 1945 to 1953.
|The reward for using the atom's power towards man's welfare is great and sure. The punishment for its misuse would seem to be death and the destruction of the civilization that has been growing for a thousand years.||Energy ;Chemical & Biological Weapons & Energy ;Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Weapons & Energy|
|If co-operation, is thus the lifeblood of science and technology, it is similarly vital to society as a whole.||Society ;Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology|
|My first feeling about the paper and the attitude is that it is absurd.|
|To make the moral achievement implicit in science a source of strength to civilization, the scientist will have to have the cooperation also of the philosopher and the religious teacher.||Education, Learning, Knowledge & Training ;Science, Mathematics, Engineering & Technology|